10-second nature news digest

Conservation news digest for busy people from @Mongabay. Story summaries that can be read in about ten seconds per post.

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Who owns Indonesia’s deadly abandoned coal mines? [05/25/2017]
- More than 630 open-pit coal mines have been left behind by mining companies in East Kalimantan. These holes have claimed the lives of at least 27 people, mostly children
- Indonesian law requires companies to fill in their mining pits, and prohibits mining within 500 meters of houses. However, these regulations are frequently violated.
- Mongabay-Indonesia spent months investigating the true scope of the problem, and the individuals responsible for these violations.


Indonesian governor asks president to let timber firms drain peat in his province [05/20/2017]
- West Kalimantan Governor Cornelis asked President Joko Widodo to let some timber plantation companies drain peatlands, even though Jakarta banned the practice last year.
- In a letter to the president dated Apr. 25, Cornelis makes an economic argument for allowing the companies to proceed as usual.
- Cornelis is a member of an international consortium of governors dedicated to fighting climate change; Greenpeace said his request to the president amounted to a "double standard."
- His request came just days after Jakarta sanctioned a timber firm in his province for building an illegal canal through the Sungai Putri peat swamp forest.


Wilmar appeals RSPO ruling that it grabbed indigenous lands in Sumatra [05/17/2017]
- Palm oil giant Wilmar has been involved in a land conflict with the Kapa people of West Sumatra for years.
- Earlier this year, the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil ruled in favor of a complaint filed against Wilmar. Wilmar said it accepted the ruling.
- Now Wilmar is appealing the ruling on procedural grounds. The company says it wasn't properly consulted during the process.
- The Forest Peoples Programme, an NGO helping the Kapa through the process, says the company is stalling, "which we see as a tactic to delay having to address outstanding human rights violations."


Facing oversupply, Indonesia scales back its coal-based electricity plan [05/11/2017]
- In 2014, Indonesian President Joko Widodo announced plans to generate an additional 35,000 megawatts of electricity by 2019, much of it to be fueled by coal.
- Last month, energy minister Ignasius Jonan said only 15,000 additional megawatts will be required by 2019.
- Jonan cited lower-than-expected economic growth, leading to lower energy demand.


Palm oil firm pledges to stop deforesting after RSPO freezes its operations in Papua [05/11/2017]
- Goodhope Asia Holdings, an arm of Sri Lanka's Carson Cumberbatch, is the latest palm oil company to promise to purge its operations of deforestation, peatland conversion and human rights abuses.
- Announcing such a commitment and implementing it are two different matters. Despite the growing prevalence of such pledges, no major user or processor of palm oil can say it has actually eliminated deforestation from its supply chain.
- Goodhope subsidiary PT Nabire Baru presides over what one watchdog called “possibly the most controversial plantation in Papua.”


Extremely rare bay cat filmed in Borneo [05/09/2017]
- Researchers photographed the bay cat while conducting a wildlife survey in the Rungan Landscape in Central Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo.
- The forests in this landscape include peat swamps and heath, a habitat type in which bay cats have not previously been recorded, scientists say.
- The team has not released the exact location of the potentially new population of bay cats because the forest where the cat was filmed is not legally protected.


Coal miners owe the Indonesian government hundreds of millions of dollars [05/08/2017]
- After policies of decentralization gave regional governments more control over the mining sector, the number of permits issued exploded.
- A countrywide investigation into Indonesia’s mining sector revealed that 2,522 mining permits do not fulfill clean and clear standards.
- Investigations have revealed the government is owed $380 million in mining royalties.
- Collecting remaining arrears proves challenging, as basic details about mining companies in arrears, including where offices are located – or if they exist at all – remain missing from government permit data.


RSPO freezes palm oil company’s operations in Papua [05/08/2017]
- The RSPO ordered Goodhope Asia Holdings to stop work in seven of its concessions in Indonesia, citing "poor quality" audits commissioned by the company to ensure it follows RSPO rules.
- High Conservation Value assessments for all seven of the concessions were conducted by a team of Bogor Agricultural University lecturers led by Nyoto Santoso. The assessments are being treated as suspect by the RSPO.
- While Goodhope opposes the measures, they have been lauded by environmental NGOs as a positive step.


Scientists mull risks of freeing rare albino orangutan in Borneo [05/05/2017]
- Caregivers are nursing the animal back to health at a rescue center in Central Kalimantan.
- Biologists worry that releasing it into the wild will introduce its genetic defect into the population at large.
- No data exists on the prevalence of albinoism among orangutans.


Balinese rituals fuel spike in trafficking of endangered sea turtles [05/05/2017]
- Indonesia is home to six of the world’s seven sea turtle species. International rules prevent any of them from being traded internationally, and the domestic trade is heavily controlled.
- After Bali's high priests issued a strict regulation in 2005 on the use of turtles in ceremonies, consumption of their meat dropped dramatically.
- But a recent series of busts seem to indicate a significant surge in turtle smuggling to the island.
- For now, Indonesian authorities' main strategy appears to be education.


Two new species of tarsier, rumored to be inspiration for Yoda, announced on Star Wars Day [05/04/2017]
- Nocturnal creatures that weigh in at a maximum of about 120 grams (or 4.3 ounces) when fully grown, tarsiers can nevertheless easily leap as far as three meters (about 10 feet) or more in a single bound thanks to their super-elongated legs — the longest legs relative to arm length of any primate species.
- The two new tarsier species, described in an article published in the journal Primate Conservation today, were found on the northern peninsula of Sulawesi, an Indonesian island.
- With these new members of the tarsier family, there are now 11 species known to reside on Sulawesi and nearby islands. It was believed there were just one or two tarsier species in the region as recently as the 1990s.


Preserving orangutan culture an ingredient for successful conservation [05/02/2017]
- Scientists once thought that all animal behavior was instinctual, but now know that many animals — particularly social animals — are able to think and to learn, and to display culturally learned behaviors.
- Orangutans are one animal in which occurrences of culture have been fairly well proven, with orangutan groups at different study sites displaying variant behaviors that have neither environmental nor genetic origins, meaning they can only be cultural in nature.
- Among these cultural behaviors are basic tool making and use for food harvesting, purposeful vocalizations, and variations in nest building materials and methods. Scientists fear habitat loss and crashing populations could cause this cultural heritage to vanish.
- The loss of varied cultural behaviors could potentially make orangutans less adaptable to changes in their environment at a time when, under extreme pressure from human development, these great apes need all the resources they can muster.


A return to mixed roots in a Sumatran forest [05/02/2017]
- The indigenous Rejang are rediscovering multicropping after years spent focusing on coffee monoculture.
- The Rejang generally abandoned polyculture after the national government established a national park on their lands.
- Multicropping helps them make money year-round instead of just when it's time for the coffee harvest.


An interactive map connects landowners and forest change in one of the world’s most biodiverse places [04/28/2017]
- The Atlas of Deforestation and Industrial Plantations in Borneo documents the loss of rainforest over 40 years from oil palm and pulpwood plantations in one of Earth’s most biodiverse places.
- By connecting landowners and deforestation patterns publicly available, the atlas adds transparency to wood and oil palm supply chains.
- Allowing users to see how human impacts have reshaped Borneo is essential amid competing demands for cheap oil and conserved forest.


Indigenous communities resisting dams in Indonesia claim they face repression, rights abuses [04/27/2017]
- Developers plan to build a hydropower dam in Seko, a remote sub-district in North Luwu, Sulawesi that is home to several indigenous communities.
- Some residents support the project, but many others have resisted since developers arrived in 2014, launching road blockades and protests.
- Thirteen residents have been imprisoned for involvement in an August 2016 demonstration in which protestors dismantled tents used by company workers and took drilling samples.
- Villagers allege people opposed to the dam have been arrested with force, have had to flee their homes, and that even school children have been beaten.


Indonesian court revokes environmental license for the Cirebon coal plant expansion [04/25/2017]
- An Indonesian administrative court ruled that expansion plans for the Cirebon coal-fired power plant in West Java are in violation of the local spatial planning law.
- The court ordered the project's environmental license be revoked, without which development should not be able to continue.
- The verdict came one day after a consortium of lenders, led by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), committed to providing $1.74 billion in project financing.
- Local and international environment activists have protested the expansion plans for years, and the project is currently the subject of a civil suit.


Mapping indigenous lands in Indonesia’s tallest mountains [04/21/2017]
- Local NGOs in the Baliem Valley of Indonesia's Papua province are working with indigenous peoples to map their customary territories.
- Over the past two decades, one foundation has mapped 19 of the 27 customary territories in Papua's Jayawijaya district.
- Some communities who were initially suspicious of the program have decided to trust it.


Indonesian tiger smugglers escape with light sentences in Sumatra [04/20/2017]
- The two men were each sentenced to eight months imprisonment in Jambi province.
- Conservationists said the prosecutor should have demanded a harsher punishment.
- The maximum sentence under the 1990 Conservation Law is five years behind bars, and activists are pushing for that to be revised upward, too.
- Last year several tiger part smugglers were sentenced to three years imprisonment and fined 50 million rupiah.


RSPO accused of letting palm oil firm proceed with dodgy audits in Papua [04/14/2017]
- The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil is the world's largest association for ethical production of the commodity, found in everything from chocolate to makeup and laundry detergent.
- The RSPO's credibility rests on the quality of its system for ensuring its member companies actually adhere to its standards.
- Two years after the RSPO finally acknowledged deficiencies in its certification system, observers say the organization has done little to follow up on its commitment to address the issue.


Rainforest conservation may be aimed at the wrong places, study finds [04/13/2017]
- Climate-based conservation policies often focus on forests with large carbon stores – but what this means for biodiversity protection has been unclear.
- Previous research found a link between tree diversity and carbon storage on the small-scale, with tropical forests that have more tree species possessing larger stores of carbon. But this correlation had not been tested for larger areas.
- Researchers examined thousands of trees at hundreds of sites in the tropical forests of South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Their results indicate that on the one-hectare scale, tree diversity is low and carbon storage is quite high in Africa, while the opposite is the case in South America. In Southeast Asia, both carbon stocks and tree diversity appear to be high.
- The researchers say their results indicate carbon-focused conservation policies may be missing highly biodiverse ecosystems, and recommend a more fine-tuned approach for prioritizing areas for conservation.


New genus created for arboreal toads in Indonesia [04/13/2017]
- The proposed genus was created to fit two new species of toad.
- The name of the genus, Sigalegalephrynus, was inspired by the toads' resemblance to a wooden puppet from North Sumatra.
- The toads appear to have mating calls that are unlike those of other amphibians in the Sunda Shelf.


In remote Indonesian villages, indigenous communities fight a hydropower dam [03/30/2017]
- Seko, in the North Luwu subdistrict of South Sulawesi, is home to Pohoneang, Hoyyane and Amballong indegenous communities.
- Surveys have begun for a planned 480-megawatt hydroelectric dam, part of a broader plan to build 1,154-megawatts of hydropower in the region.The dam has become the center of a bitter fight that has divided families and communities.
- On March 27, a district court sentenced 13 Seko residents to seven months in prison in connection with an August 2016 action against the dam.
- This is the first in a series of two articles on the situation in Seko.


Almost 1M hectares ‘missing’ from land holdings of major palm oil companies [03/29/2017]
- Palm oil is a major driver of tropical deforestation. The report was produced by the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), which looked at information publicly disclosed by 50 of the most major palm oil production companies.
- Its findings indicate that while most companies disclose the area of planted land they manage, many fail to reveal the size, location, and use of many other areas in their portfolio, defying corporate accountability and concealing potential social and environmental risks.
- A supply chain expert says failures to disclose information don't necessarily signal ill will on the part of the companies. Instead, it may be the result of unclear expectations, definitions, and protocols for reporting.
- The Round Table for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), the world's leading palm oil certification body, is reportedly working to improve the reporting process of its member companies.


Thousands of anti-coal activists march in Jakarta, deliver complaints to anti-graft agency [03/29/2017]
- Around 2,000 people, including convoys from communities affected by coal mining and coal-fired power plants, marched in Jakarta on March 23.
- A delegation from the protest was received by Indonesia's Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), where they presented reports on cases of alleged corruption.
- Demonstrators also rallied in solidarity with farmers from Kendeng, West Java, who have encased their feet in cement and are staging a sit-in to protest the construction of a cement factory in the Kendeng karst mountain area.


The military family that kept a pet orangutan in Indonesia [03/29/2017]
- Wildlife traffickers are chipping away at the dwindling populations of Sumatran and Bornean orangutans. Deforestation lends poachers an assist, rendering the primates homeless and easier to catch.
- Keeping an orangutan pet is illegal in Indonesia, but not once has a citizen been prosecuted for it. The owners tend to be influential figures -- police officers, soldiers, politicians.
- Krismon was separated from his mother as an infant in the late 1990s. Only last year was he finally recovered from the military family he was living with.
- The ape will spend the rest of his life behind metal bars — unless a plan to construct an orangutan haven comes to fruition in North Sumatra.


Paying for healthcare with trees: win-win for orangutans and communities [03/28/2017]
- In 2016, the Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) was declared Critically Endangered by the IUCN. Orangutan habitat is fast disappearing due to deforestation caused by industrial agriculture, forest fires, slash and burn agriculture, and logging.
- One of the most important remaining P. pygmaeus populations, with roughly 2,000 individuals, is in Indonesia’s Gunung Palung National Park. Alam Sehat Lestari (Healthy Nature Everlasting, or ASRI) is partnering with U.S. NGO Health in Harmony and effectively reducing illegal logging in the park via a unique healthcare offering.
- When communities were asked what was needed to stop them from logging conserved forest, the people answered: affordable healthcare and organic farming. Expensive medical costs were forcing people to log to pay medical bills, while unsustainable agricultural practices depleted the soil, necessitating the use of costly fertilizers.
- The two NGOs opened an affordable health clinic, and later a hospital, offering discounted medical service to communities that stop logging. Forest guardians, recruited in every village, encourage people to curb deforestation. They also monitor illegal activity and reforestation, while offering training in organic farming methods. And the program works!


A Sumatran king’s 1,400-year-old vision for sustainable landscape planning [03/28/2017]
- Indonesia's South Sumatra is an epicenter of the annual peat fires that ravage the archipelago country.
- The province has become a staging ground for projects like KELOLA Sendang, which is intended to promote sustainable landscape management in an important tiger habitat.
- More than a millennium ago, the ruler of the Srivijaya kingdom put forth his own vision for sustainable prosperity — one of which today's policymakers could take heed.


Damage to Raja Ampat 12 times higher than previously thought [03/25/2017]
- Raja Ampat is home to one of the most spectacular coral reefs in the world.
- The cruise ship that hit the reef on March 4 damaged 18,882 square meters of coral reef, the Indonesian government said this week.
- A preliminary estimate had identified only 1,600 square meters of damaged reef.


Downstream from a coal mine, villages in Indonesian Borneo suffer from water pollution [03/23/2017]
- East Kalimantan, in Indonesian Borneo, hosts rare expanses of biologically rich tropical rainforest. It also has rich deposits of coal — according to Greenpeace data, around 75 percent of the province has been assigned for coal mining.
- PT Indominco Mandiri, a subsidiary of Thai conglomerate Banpu, operates a 25,000-hectare (~62,000-acre) mining concession in East Kalimantan.
- Activists and residents say this mining operation has rendered the water of the Santan River unusable for drinking, irrigation or aquaculture.


Jokowi reiterates commitment to indigenous rights [03/23/2017]
- Instead of attending the fifth congress of the Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago last week in Sumatra as planned, Jokowi invited representatives of the organization to meet in Jakarta on Wednesday.
- He told them he would push parliament to pass a law on indigenous rights and said he would form a task force to support the movement.
- The administration is planning to recognize the rights of 18 more communities to the forests they call home, an area spanning a total of 590,000 hectares, the president said.


First woman to lead world’s largest indigenous peoples alliance [03/20/2017]
- Rukka Sombolinggi's selection as next secretary general of the Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago brought to a close the organization's fifth congress on Sunday.
- Sombolinggi is a Torajan woman from Sulawesi island with a long history in the indigenous rights movement.
- AMAN's next congress will be held in Papua in 2022.


World’s biggest indigenous peoples alliance to choose new leader today in Indonesia [03/19/2017]
- The main candidates to replace Abdon Nababan appear to be his three deputies: Rukka Sombolinggi, Mina Susana Setra and Arifin "Monang" Saleh.
- The alliance's national council has yet to release an official list of the candidates.
- The proceedings could stretch late into the night.


Indonesia’s indigenous peoples will have to keep waiting for a promised task force on their rights [03/18/2017]
- President Joko Widodo's administration announced some new initiatives at this week's indigenous peoples congress in Sumatra, but not the task force on their rights participants had been hoping for.
- The president's chief of staff said it was more efficient for the Ministry of Environment and Forestry to address the matter directly.
- Attention now turns to who will be selected to lead the Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago for the next five years. A decision will be made on Sunday.


Jokowi cancels appearance at rare indigenous peoples congress [03/16/2017]
- This week marks the fifth congress of the Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago. The event takes place once every five years.
- Indonesian President Joko Widodo had been scheduled to deliver a speech. He would have been the nation's first top official to attend.
- Last last year, Jokowi recognized the rights of nine communities to the forests they call home. The development was welcomed by indigenous groups even as they called for him to replicate it on a far larger scale.
- "This congress is a deadline for Jokowi to keep his promises. Otherwise there will be a political decision."


Indonesia’s clean coal dreams [03/15/2017]
- Indonesia’s government has touted clean coal technology as the saving grace for its reliance on this carbon-heavy fuel, but this technology is in its infancy and may not grow quickly enough.
- The term “clean coal” is used to refer to a wide range of technologies that decrease environmental impacts; only the least effective of these technologies are within Indonesia’s reach.
- If developed countries foster these technologies to the point of commercial viability, Indonesia will have a better chance of using them.


Alarms raised as timber firm said to pierce one of Indonesia’s last orangutan strongholds [03/14/2017]
- PT Mohairson Pawan Khatulistiwa is allegedly digging a canal through deep peat soil in violation of the law.
- Studies show the area is one of the most important orangutan habitats on the island of Borneo, whose tropical forests are being rapidly destroyed as plantations and mines expand.
- The company's ownership is unclear, but recent comments by a local politician suggest links to Chinese ownership.


“Predator Mobbing:” Watch gibbons, monkeys team up to fight off leopard [03/13/2017]
- A field team with the Borneo Nature Foundation (BNF) was in the Sabangau Forest of Central Kalimantan in Indonesian Borneo studying wild Maroon Langur monkeys (Presbytis rubicunda) as part of a long-term behavioral research project when they witnessed the rare phenomenon, known as “predator mobbing,” first-hand.
- The monkeys responded after a group of Endangered Bornean White-bearded Gibbons (Hylobates albibarbis) started making alarm calls upon discovering a Sunda Clouded Leopard (Neofelis diardi) hiding in their midst.
- The two primate species then proceeded to continuously issue warning calls for over two-and-a-half hours in the direction of tangled lianas in the forest canopy in which the leopard was hiding — a cooperative, multi-species interaction that is incredibly unusual for researchers to observe in the wild.


Aceh governor-elect: ‘I myself will cancel’ controversial geothermal project in Sumatran rainforest [03/11/2017]
- Last month, Irwandi Yusuf beat incumbent Zaini Abdullah in the race for governor of Indonesia's westernmost Aceh province.
- Yusuf, whom some called Aceh's "green governor" when he previously held its top office, said before the election that he would review Abdullah's less environmentally friendly policies.
- It remains to be seen how Yusuf will handle the dispute over a provincial land-use plan passed by Abdullah's administration. The plan makes no mention of the Leuser Ecosystem, and therefore leaves its rainforests vulnerable to plantation and mining companies. Environmentalists say it is illegal and are challenging it in court.


Indonesian Supreme Court orders Jokowi administration to hand over palm oil permit data [03/10/2017]
- Forest Watch Indonesia has been trying to force the Ministry of Land and Spatial Planning to release in full the maps of oil palm companies' concessions, known as HGUs.
- The Supreme Court's decision hands the NGO a victory in its freedom of information request, launched in 2015.
- Once it receives the hard copies of the documents, FWI will scan and upload them on its website.


Cruise ship wrecks one of Indonesia’s best coral reefs at Raja Ampat [03/09/2017]
- The ship ran aground on an uncharted shoal off the coast of New Guinea after it was caught in low tide.
- An official evaluation team is assessing the damage. One investigator told Mongabay the company should pay $1.28 million-$1.92 million in compensation.
- The company responsible, UK-based tour operator Noble Caledonia, said it deeply regretted the incident and that it was cooperating with authorities.


Greenpeace to take Indonesian forestry ministry to Supreme Court over environmental data [03/09/2017]
- Greenpeace wants the ministry to release seven different geospatial maps of Indonesia in the shapefile format.
- The ministry is willing to publish PDF and JPEG versions of the maps, but it says shapefiles can't be reliably authenticated and could therefore be altered by third parties.
- Greenpeace contends the shapefiles could quite simply be digitally signed.


Industry-backed plantation museum opens in Indonesia [03/09/2017]
- The museum was inaugurated by the North Sumatra provincial government last December.
- The idea came from the CEO of Bakrie Sumatera Plantations, a major oil palm grower.
- It is Indonesia's first plantation museum.


An indigenous group reforests its corner of coastal New Guinea [03/07/2017]
- Residents of Yepem on the Indonesian half of New Guinea island are undertaking a reforestation project with the local government.
- Respect for nature is a fundamental part of the worldview of the local Asmat people.
- Locals' biggest problem is a lack of clean water.


Japanese, Singaporean banks finance controversial Indonesian coal plant [03/06/2017]
- The financial close for the Tanjung Jati B coal-fired power plant expansion was announced on Feb. 27 by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation. Funding will be provided by eight Japanese and Singaporean banks.
- The $3.36 billion loan will finance the construction of two new 1,000 megawatt units at the plant, which is located in Central Java.
- The project has been the target of years of protests from both international and local activists, and two French banks backed out of the co-financing deal.


HSBC to stop financing deforestation-linked palm oil firms [03/03/2017]
- A recent Greenpeace report accused the bank of marshalling $16.3 billion in financing for six firms since 2012 that have illegally cleared forests, planted oil palm on carbon-rich peat soil and grabbed community lands.
- The investigation prompted scores of people to join a campaign to change the bank’s policies, including thousands of HSBC’s own customers.
- The bank's new policy requires HSBC customers to commit to protecting natural forest and peatland by June 30, and provide independent verification of their own NDPE commitments by Dec. 31, 2018.


The two sides of Indonesia’s Baluran National Park [03/02/2017]
- A recent commentary piece by Dr. Erik Meijaard provides a comprehensive view of the current situation and conservation actions undertaken in Baluran National Park as compared to time he spent there in the 1990’s
- However, as so often happens with this beautiful park, the focus remained on the well-known part that has earned it the nickname ‘Africa of Java,’ the area surrounding the Bekol savannah in the southeastern reaches of the park.
- If one were to slice the park horizontally in two, right through mount Baluran, and compare the northern and southern parts, a sharp contrast would become visible, a contrast of mooing and ringing bells.
- This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author, not necessarily Mongabay.


A Bornean village conserves a forest the government listed for cutting [03/02/2017]
- Residents of Bawan village in Indonesia Borneo applied for a permit to manage their land as a "village forest," a form of community forestry being pushed by President Joko Widodo's administration.
- The national government had designated the area as "production forest," meaning it could be sold to a plantation or mining company, but residents chose instead to protect the land.
- “I consider Bawan’s village forest a champion project," said Lilik Sugiarti, a USAID representative who helped to bring it about.


Will changes to Indonesia’s mining law hurt or help the environment? [03/01/2017]
- In January, Indonesia relaxed regulations on the export of unprocessed ores, but also required some mining companies to change their operating licenses — most notably U.S.-based Freeport-McMoRan.
- The 2017 regulation amends a 2014 ban on unprocessed mineral exports. That ban aimed to build a domestic smelting industry but effectively shut down many small mining operations, an unintentional boon for the environment.
- Indonesia's long-term mining and mineral processing ambitions could cause serious environmental damage. Better enforcement of environmental law would have a bigger impact than export restrictions, experts say.


Law enforcers recover 38 sea turtles in eastern Indonesia — 6 of them dead [03/01/2017]
- The police arrested five fishermen in the bust.
- Indonesia is home to six of the seven species of marine turtle.
- The creatures' numbers have fallen sharply in recent years.


Environmental costs, benefits and possibilities: Q&A with anthropologist Eben Kirksey [02/28/2017]
- The environmental humanities pull together the tools of the anthropologist and the biologist.
- Anthropologist Eben Kirksey has studied the impact of mining, logging and infrastructure development on the Mee people of West Papua, Indonesia, revealing the inequalities that often underpins who benefits and who suffers as a result of natural resource extraction.
- Kirksey reports that West Papuans are nurturing a new form of nationalism that might help bring some equality to environmental change.


Kalaodi, Tidore’s eco-village in Indonesia’s spice capital [02/28/2017]
- In 1972, Indonesia's central government mapped Kalaodi, a village of 454 people, into a protected forest.
- Locals were upset because the protected status robbed them of the ability to continue their centuries-old tradition of cultivating spice groves.
- Today, Kalaodi residents are taking the first steps towards restituting past government oversteps.


Survival of nearly 10,000 orangutans in Borneo oil palm estates at stake [02/28/2017]
- 10,000 orangutans remain in areas currently allocated to oil palm. These animals can only survive if environmental practices in plantations adhere to standards such as those prescribed by RSPO.
- Orangutan rescues should only be allowed when no other solutions exist; otherwise they will aggravate problems of deforestation and orangutan killing.
- Further scrutiny of companies and other groups that are at the forefront of these improvements is needed, but increasingly campaigners should focus on the laggards and rogues that cause the greatest environmental damage.
- This a commentary - the views expressed are those of the authors.


What happens when the soy and palm oil boom ends? [02/21/2017]
- Over the past 30 years demand and production of oils crops like oil palm and soybeans has boomed across the tropics.
- This rapid expansion has in some places taken a heavy toll on native, wildlife-rich ecosystems.
- Derek Byerlee, co-author of a new book titled The Tropical Oil Crop Revolution, spoke with Mongabay about the tropical oil crop sector and what's to come for the industry.


Protected areas found to be ‘significant’ sources of carbon emissions [02/17/2017]
- The researchers found 2,018 protected areas across the tropics store nearly 15 percent of all tropical forest carbon. This is because protected areas tend to have denser, older forest – thus, higher carbon stocks.
- Their study uncovered that, on average, nearly 0.2 percent of protected area forest cover was razed per year between 2000 and 2012.
- Less than nine percent of the reserves that the researchers sampled contributed 80 percent of the total carbon emissions between 2000 and 2012, putting this small subset of reserves on par with the UK’s entire transportation sector.
- The researchers say their findings could help prioritize conservation attention.


Wilmar grabbed indigenous lands in Sumatra, RSPO finds [02/16/2017]
- The Kapa are a Minangkabau people in Indonesia's West Sumatra province.
- The community accused Wilmar International, the world's largest palm oil company, of planting oil palm in their territory without their permission.
- Wilmar is a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, meaning that it must respect the right of communities to veto development projects on their land.
- The RSPO recently decided that Wilmar had violated the Kapa's right to "free, prior and informed consent."


A Thai oil firm, Indonesian seaweed farmers and Australian regulators. What happened after the Montara oil spill? [02/14/2017]
- The 2009 Montara oil spill was the worst such offshore disaster in Australian history. The company behind it acknowledges "mistakes were made that should never be repeated."
- But while the firm has paid a penalty to the Australian government, it has yet to compensate Indonesia, which says it too suffered from the spill.
- Now, thousands of seaweed farmers are suing the Thai-owned oil and gas giant, seeking compensation in Australian court. The Indonesian government has also launched a lawsuit.
- The dispute highlights the complexity of regulating transnational corporations operating in maritime borderlands like the Timor Sea, a relatively narrow body of water rich in oil and gas reserves and surrounded by multiple countries.


Revisiting Java’s little Africa: Indonesia’s safari potential [02/14/2017]
- Baluran National Park is a reserve in eastern Java, Indonesia.
- Baluran may be the closest one can get to the equivalent of India’s or eastern and southern Africa’s experience of open savannas teeming with wildlife in Indonesia.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the author.


Indonesia’s last stand for a coal industry in peril [02/13/2017]
- Environmental advocacy has significantly diminished the coal industry in many countries, and pressure is now focused on places like Indonesia where coal remains relatively strong.
- Indonesia is one of the world’s biggest exporters of thermal coal, and its two main customers, China and India, are the world’s biggest importers. As China and India scale back on coal use, Indonesia is trying to boost its domestic coal industry.
- Analysts say financing a domestic boost in coal will be hard, in part because foreign financiers are being pressured by environmental groups to pull out.


Forced evictions along Jakarta waterway a liability for Ahok as governor’s race nears finish line [02/13/2017]
- Flooding is massive problem in Jakarta. And most of its waterways are heavily polluted.
- The capital region's Governor Ahok has tried to address the problem — including by demolishing riverside slums.
- Residents of Bukit Duri, which stood on the banks of the Ciliwung River until the government tore it down last year, are suing the city in a class-action suit.


Camera traps reveal undiscovered leopard population in Javan forest [02/10/2017]
- Government camera traps spotted three individuals in the Cikepuh Wildlife Reserve, along the southern coast of Indonesia's main central island of Java.
- The environment ministry says 11 leopards are thought to exist in the sanctuary.
- The Javan leopard is listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN.


Greenpeace slams paper giant over loophole in fire-prevention policy [02/10/2017]
- APRIL is Indonesia's second-largest paper firm. It sources pulpwood from a vast network of suppliers in the archipelago country.
- It has come to light that APRIL's fire-prevention policy exempts short-term suppliers. These compose a major portion of its supply base.
- Some suppliers defined as "short term" by APRIL have actually been supplying the company for years, according to Greenpeace.


Fish magnet boom creates headaches in Indonesia’s war on overfishing [02/09/2017]
- Recent comments by Indonesian fisheries minister Susi Pudjiastuti indicate the government will crack down on fish aggregating devices, which have proliferated in the Southeast Asian nation's waters.
- Experts agree the issue deserves more attention from Jakarta but urge President Joko Widodo's administration to consider the impact a purge of the devices will have on small fishers.
- Minister Pudjiastuti has said that many of the devices are owned by large companies.


Indonesian government moves further from community forestry target [02/08/2017]
- From 2015 to 2017, the government's annual budget for implementing a program to give local communities greater rights over the land they rely on has dropped by nearly half.
- The government's annual targets for allocating land under the program have similarly been lowered, although President Joko Widodo's administration continues to say it can meet the overall target of 12.7 million hectares — nearly the size of Greece — by 2019.
- A new Ministry of Environment and Forestry regulation is hoped to speed up the process for rezoning land under the various community forestry schemes, and the member of the relevant parliamentary commission says his side is seeking donor funding to support it.


These Indonesian villages are powered by locally sourced sustainable energy [02/07/2017]
- An estimated 1.6 million poor households in Indonesia are not connected to the electricity grid.
- Indonesia's national energy plan, which targets 35,000 megawatts of new generating capacity, relies primarily on coal and other fossil fuels.
- In rural, off-grid areas, the government has shown more support for renewable energy generation, but progress remains slow.
- In the meantime, villages like Reno on Flores Island have built their own small-scale renewable energy sources.


Will there really be enough sustainable palm oil for the whole market? [02/07/2017]
- A report by non-profit CDP suggests companies may have a false confidence in their ability to find enough sustainable palm oil to meet their commitments.
- Certified sustainable palm oil was in short supply last summer and prices spiked when two major producers were suspended by the industry's main certification association, revealing vulnerabilities in the supply.
- Better planning to secure future supply includes working more intensively with suppliers, says CDP.


How ‘jobless men managing the sea’ restored a mangrove forest in Java [02/03/2017]
- In the 1980s and early 90s, fish farming thrived in Brebes, on the north coast of Indonesia's main central island of Java.
- The industry's steady growth saw local residents chop down mangrove stands to make way for aquaculture ponds. But the development brought unintended consequences.
- In response, a group of local residents embarked on an ambitious tree-planting campaign.


In response to pollution complaints, a coal plant in Indonesia offered soap and mops [02/01/2017]
- Since construction began on the Pacitan coal-fired power plant, locals have complained of diminished fish stocks, damaged infrastructure, pollution and unfulfilled promises.
- These complaints have resulted in a series of meetings between community leaders and plant management. After the most recent meeting, the plant tried to appease villagers by delivering cleaning supplies the villagers could use to remove coal dust from their own homes.
- The company says its interactions with villagers are guided by principles of corporate social responsibility. It also maintains that its operations have not affected water quality.
- This is the final article in a series on Pacitan originally published on Mongabay's Indonesian-language site.


Introducing Mongabay news alerts [02/01/2017]
Introducing Mongabay news alerts Now Mongabay readers can keep up-to-date on the latest conservation and environmental science developments by subscribing to our free topic-based news alerts.

The cousins from Indonesia who revived an ancient spring [02/01/2017]
- A major reforestation effort is underway in the eastern part of Indonesia's Flores island.
- It began when residents Markus Hayon and Damianus Pelada set out to restore an area around an ancestral spring that had all but dried up after an earthquake in the 1980s.
- The cousins proceeded to plant thousands of trees — though not without some challenges along the way.


Efforts to conserve sea turtles disrupted by coal plant in East Java [01/31/2017]
- Fuel for the Pacitan coal-fired power plant is brought by sea-going barges, which pass through turtle breeding areas.
- Conservation areas near the power plant provide nesting sites for green, hawksbill and olive ridley sea turtles. Local conservationists say the presence of coal barges — and several spills — reduces the number of hatchlings.
- Villagers say the river near the power plant is now empty of the fish and shrimp that once formed a regular part of the local diet.
- This article is the second in a series on Pacitan originally posted on Mongabay's Indonesian-language site.


A possible undiscovered orangutan population in Borneo? [01/31/2017]
- With funding from National Geographic we are retracing the footsteps of Henry Cushier Raven, a specimen collector who travelled extensively in East Kalimantan, Indonesia between 1912 and 1914.
- We want to know which species Raven found and whether we can still find these species today.
- In April 2016, we already covered the Berau and East Kutai parts of Raven’s journey. This is the story of his Mahakam travels.
- The story is published in four parts. This is the final part.


Pacitan villagers say coal plant reduced livelihoods, brought little new employment [01/30/2017]
- The 630-megawatt Pacitan coal-fired power plant began construction in 2007 and came online in 2013.
- Local fisherman say their catch has fallen dramatically since the project was launched, forcing them to fish much further offshore and causing conflict with the plant.
- People whose livelihoods have suffered say they have not received sufficient compensation, and that the plant offers little in the way of alternate employment for locals.
- This is the first article in a series on Pacitan originally published on Mongabay's Indonesian-language site.


27 critically endangered Javan slow lorises rescued from online traders in Indonesia [01/27/2017]
- The Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, and is considered one of the most endangered primate species in the world due mainly to habitat loss and the illegal wildlife trade.
- Mortality rates of confiscated lorises is typically quite high, according to Christine Rattel, a program advisor at International Animal Rescue Indonesia, because traders load them into small, cramped crates, which can cause wounds, stress, and more serious medical problems that can result in death.
- Perpetrators of wildlife crime can be prosecuted under Indonesia’s Natural Protection Law and face up to five years in prison as well as fines of 100 million Indonesian Rupiah (about $7,400).


World Bank loans support high-carbon development in Indonesia: report [01/26/2017]
- A report by the nonprofit Bank Information Center analyzed the World Bank's Development Policy Finance (DPF) operations in four countries: Indonesia, Peru, Egypt and Mozambique
- The Bank's climate policies state that DPFs should be used to support countries in meeting their global climate change commitments.
- In Indonesia, DPF-backed programs were found to support the development of coal-fired power plants and roads in sensitive forest areas. Similar patterns were found in the other countries studied.
- The study addresses policy financing, not direct World Bank funding of individual projects.


Politician’s son named a suspect over illegal land clearing in Leuser Ecosystem [01/26/2017]
- Last October, authorities found three men and an excavator digging a canal through the Singkil Swamp Wildlife Reserve. They appeared to be preparing the land for oil palm cultivation.
- This week, the police announced that the son of the head of a local parliament is a suspect in the case.
- The reserve lies within the Leuser Ecosystem, the only place where elephants, tigers, rhinos and orangutans still coexist in the wild.


Want to be a responsible palm oil firm? Follow these reporting guidelines [01/25/2017]
- Ceres, Oxfam, Rainforest Alliance and WWF are among the groups behind the guidelines.
- Some of the guidelines describe how companies should map and name their suppliers, disclosing the locations of their own operations as well as those of the firms they buy from.
- How companies can ensure they aren’t grabbing community lands are another focus of the guidelines.


Green groups want paper giant to stop using drained peat in Indonesia [01/23/2017]
- Indonesia's vast peat swamp zones have been widely drained and dried for agriculture. The practice underlies the devastating annual fires that in 2015 burned an area the size of Vermont and sickened half a million people.
- Asia Pulp & Paper is Indonesia's largest paper company. About a quarter of its vast holdings consist of peat.
- The government has banned any new development on peatlands. NGOs want the company to go farther, rewetting and restoring all of the peat in its concessions, even that which has already been planted with acacia.


Then and now: 100 years of wildlife loss and deforestation in Borneo [01/22/2017]
- With funding from National Geographic we are retracing the footsteps of Henry Cushier Raven, a specimen collector who travelled extensively in East Kalimantan, Indonesia between 1912 and 1914.
- We want to know which species Raven found and whether we can still find these species today.
- In April 2016, we already covered the Berau and East Kutai parts of Raven’s journey. This is the story of his Mahakam travels.
- The story is published in four parts. This is part III.


Scientists ‘impressed and delighted’ by animals found in remnant forests [01/21/2017]
- A new study finds promising conservation value in forest corridors along rivers in Sumatra's plantation-dominated landscape.
- But government regulations require areas of forest that border rivers -- called "riparian" forests – be left standing to safeguard water quality for downstream communities.
- In the first study of its kind conducted in the tropics, researchers set camera traps in riparian forests through tree plantations near Tesso Nilo National Park. They found a significant mammal presence, including tapirs, tigers, bears, pangolins, and elephants.
- The researchers say their findings indicate Sumatra's forest remnants could help keep wildlife populations afloat in areas with lots of habitat loss. However, they caution that these corridors are threatened by lax regulation enforcement, and can only work in tandem with larger forested areas.


Saving the Sumatran rhino requires changing the status quo [01/20/2017]
- With a small, fragmented population, the Sumatran rhino is currently on the path to extinction.
- Despite dedicated efforts by conservationists, existing policies -- population surveys, anti-poaching efforts and a small breeding program -- have been unable to reverse this trend.
- Attorney and nonprofit consultant W. Aaron Vandiver argues that we now face a binary choice between maintaining the status quo until the species goes extinct, or embracing the expense and "risk" required to carry out an ambitious plan to capture and manage the surviving population.
- This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author, not necessarily Mongabay.


HSBC financing tied to deforestation, rights violations for palm oil in Indonesia [01/18/2017]
- HSBC has helped several palm oil companies accused of community rights violations and illegal deforestation pull together billions in credit and bonds, according to research by Greenpeace.
- The bank has policies that require its customers to achieve RSPO certification by 2018 and prohibiting the bank from ‘knowingly’ engaging with companies that don’t respect sustainability laws and regulations.
- Greenpeace contends that HSBC, as one of the world’s largest banks, should commit to a ‘No deforestation, no peat, no exploitation’ policy and should hold its customers accountable to the same standard.


Indonesian government challenges another green group over freedom of information request [01/17/2017]
- Indonesian NGOs are making increasing use of the country's freedom of information law to gain access to data pertaining to the management of the country's natural resources.
- In one ongoing case, Forest Watch Indonesia is trying to force the Ministry of Land and Spatial Planning to release in full the maps of oil palm companies' concessions, known as HGUs.
- The ministry argues that releasing the names of the companies that hold the concessions is a violation of the firms' privacy.


Southeast Asia’s coal boom could cause 70,000 deaths per year by 2030, report says [01/16/2017]
- A Harvard University-led research study analyzed the health impacts of existing and planned coal-fired power plants in Southeast Asia, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
- The researchers found that air pollution from coal-fired power plants in the area of study currently causes around 20,000 premature deaths per year.
- If all planned coal projects are constructed, that figure could rise to 70,000 deaths per year by 2030.
- Indonesia, Vietnam, China and Myanmar would be most affected.


How local elites earn money from burning land in Indonesia [01/16/2017]
- Members of political parties and local figures are organizing farmers to burn land for sale to a variety of large and small buyers, a new study shows.
- These elites pocket most of the profits from this destructive and illegal activity. Village officials who administer land documents and the workers who carry out the burning also receive a cut.
- For the fires to stop, the study says, these actors must be disempowered through law and policy.


A trip on Borneo’s Mahakam River in search of forgotten wildlife [01/16/2017]
- With funding from National Geographic we are retracing the footsteps of Henry Cushier Raven, a specimen collector who travelled extensively in East Kalimantan, Indonesia between 1912 and 1914.
- We want to know which species Raven found and whether we can still find these species today.
- In April 2016, we already covered the Berau and East Kutai parts of Raven’s journey. This is the story of his Mahakam travels.
- The story is published in four parts. This is part II.


How one conservationist is sparking a ‘young revolution’ in Indonesia [01/13/2017]
- Pungky Nanda Pratama and his team at the NGO Animals Indonesia teach environmental education to five elementary schools in the surrounding villages.
- The aim is to counter some of the destructive practices that threaten the health of Kerinci Seblat National Park — the largest park on the island of Sumatra, with the highest population of tigers.
- To the children, ‘older brother Pungky’ is the fun teacher who shows them the pointy-nosed turtles on the riverbank and the flying dragons in the trees. To Pungky, these children hold the future of the forest in their hands.
- This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author, not necessarily Mongabay.


Korean company bans forest clearing for Indonesian palm oil concessions [01/12/2017]
- Korindo came under scrutiny last year when U.S.-based environmental group Mighty Earth published a damning report on their practice of burning to clear land.
- The report “Burning Paradise” was published on September 1, 2016 and alleged that Korindo had caused 30,000 hectares of deforestation and an estimated 894 fire hotspots since 2013.
- The illegal, yet commonly-used practice of companies burning land to clear it, leads to an annual haze from forest and peatland fires.


Indonesia adds more than 1,100 to the official tally of its islands [01/12/2017]
- The previous tally was 13,466, a figure produced by Indonesia's geospatial agency in 2010.
- An oft-cited count is 17,508, a number put out by the military in the 1980s.
- Indonesia is by far the world's largest archipelago country.


Following in Raven’s Footsteps: 100 years of wildlife loss on Borneo [01/06/2017]
- With funding from the National Geographic Society we are retracing the footsteps of Henry Cushier Raven, a specimen collector who travelled extensively in East Kalimantan, Indonesia between 1912 and 1914.
- We want to know which species Raven found and whether we can still find these species today.
- In April 2016, we already covered the Berau and East Kutai parts of Raven’s journey. This is the story of his Mahakam travels.
- The story is published in four parts. This is part 1.


An ‘infrastructure tsunami’ for Asia: Q&A with researcher William Laurance [01/06/2017]
- The world is in the grips of an infrastructure development boom, which threatens to cause enormous damage to vital ecosystems.
- The "global roadmap" project led by William Laurance aims to show where roadbuilding can have the greatest benefits or the greatest harm.
- Now, researchers are trying to map at a much finer scale in crucial zones in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea.


What to expect for rainforests in 2017 [01/05/2017]
- Will deforestation continue to rise in Brazil?
- Will Indonesia continue on a path toward forestry reform?
- What effect will Donald Trump have on rainforest conservation?


French bank backs out of financing Indonesian coal plant [01/04/2017]
- The developers of Tanjung Jati B, a 2,640 megawatt coal-fired power station in Central Java, plan to add an additional 2,000 megawatts of capacity.
- In order to meet climate-change commitments, Société Générale, a French bank that had planned to help finance the plant's expansion, pledged to cease funding coal-related projects.
- Attention has now turned to the project's remaining financiers, France's Crédit Agricole and the Japan Bank for International Cooperation.


Local NGOs: Ecosystem services, not orangutans, key to saving Leuser [01/04/2017]
- Sumatra’s Leuser ecosystem covers 2.6 million hectares, encompasses two mountain ranges, three lakes, nine river systems and three national parks. It boasts 10,000 species of plant and 200 species of mammal — dozens found nowhere else on earth. Of the 6,000 orangutans left in Sumatra, 90 percent live in Leuser.
- But the region has been under siege by the government of Aceh, which has repeatedly tried to sell off concessions to oil palm companies that encroach on the borders of conserved lands.
- While international environmental NGOs have focused on saving Leuser’s orangutans, local NGOs have had far more success focusing on the US $23 billion in ecosystem services provided by the preserve — including flood prevention, water supply, agro-ecology, tourism, fire prevention, carbon sequestration, and more.
- Many rural Sumatrans see orangutans not as important endangered species to be protected, but rather as garden and farm pests. Local organizers like Rudi Putra and T.M. Zulfikar are building a homegrown Sumatran conservation movement that relies heavily on litigation over the potential loss of Leuser’s ecosystem services.


Jokowi grants first-ever indigenous land rights to 9 communities [01/04/2017]
- Indonesia is one of the most diverse countries in the world, with hundreds of distinct ethic groups and languages.
- The archipelago nation's constitution recognizes its indigenous peoples, but the government has ignored their rights for most of the country's 71-year existence.
- In a landmark 2013 ruling, Indonesia's Constitutional Court removed indigenous peoples’ customary forests from state control. This is the Jokowi administration's first act of follow up to the decision.
- The action by Jokowi comes at a time when Indonesia's main indigenous peoples organization is considering withdrawing its support for the president, the only candidate the organization has ever endorsed.


The year in tropical rainforests: 2016 [01/01/2017]
- After 2015's radical advancements in transparency around tropical forests between improved forest cover monitoring systems and corporate policies on commodity sourcing, progress slowed in 2016 with no major updates on tropical forest cover, resistance from several governments in releasing forest data, and some notable backtracking on zero deforestation commitments.
- But even without the pan-tropical updates, we know that deforestation increased sharply in the Brazilian Amazon, which accounts for the world's largest area of tropical forest.
- Low commodity prices may have bought some relief for forests.


Illegal logging shows little sign of slowing [12/30/2016]
- The report was produced by a dozens of scientists and is the most comprehensive analysis of illegal logging to date.
- It finds organized crime and a lack of land tenure for local communities to be big drivers of illicit timber extraction in tropical countries around the world.
- Research indicates around a third of all tropical timber traded globally may come from illegal forest conversion.
- Those affiliated with the report underline the need for more cooperation between countries and sectors, as well as the development of effective policies, in the fight against illegal logging.


Top 10 HAPPY environmental stories of 2016 [12/28/2016]
- Some animal species showed signs of recovery after years of decline.
- In 2016, the world became serious about protecting our oceans by establishing some of the largest marine protected areas ever.
- Countries moved towards ending domestic ivory trade, and researchers discovered the world’s tallest tree.


Consumer pressure to ditch deforestation begins to reach Indonesia’s oil palm plantation giants [12/27/2016]
- Four of Indonesia’s top 10 oil palm growers have improved sustainability practices due to pressure from buyers since June 2015.
- But not all have changed their ways. At least one grower has found new customers that haven't promised to eliminate practices like deforestation from their supply chains.
- Several major palm oil users with strong sustainability policies continue to buy from the worst of these 10 growers.


Indonesia’s rich list stacked with palm oil billionaires [12/26/2016]
- Billionaires aren't the only ones who have profited from Indonesia's palm oil industry.
- But a high proportion of the nation's wealthiest citizens owe their fortunes at least in part to the production of the commodity.
- It makes sense — Indonesia's is the world's top palm oil producer, and it is also one of the most unequal societies.


As accusations fly, paper giant appears to stand by its replanting of burned peat in Sumatra [12/22/2016]
- After the 2015 fire and haze crisis, the Indonesian government barred plantation firms from replanting the peatlands that had burned in their concessions. Instead, the companies were ordered to restore the dried-out peat soil to prevent future fires.
- Some agribusinesses, however, are said to be resurrecting their drainage-dependent acacia and oil palm estates in violation of the directive from President Jokowi's administration. One of them is Asia Pulp & Paper, an arm of the Sinar Mas conglomerate.
- APP declined to comment substantively for this article, except to imply that everything it does is in accordance with the rules. But a director in the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry explained that the company had been authorized to replant burned peat with acacia trees because, he said, it would serve to mitigate certain fire risks.
- NGOs surveyed by Mongabay rejected the contention that planting peat with drainage-dependent acacia constitutes a valid means of peatland restoration, although some were more understanding of the government's position than others.


Lessons from the $2 billion coal mining lawsuit against Indonesia [12/20/2016]
- An international arbitration panel ruled that Indonesia was not liable for damages sought by Churchill Mining, whose mining license was revoked by local officials.
- The tribunal determined that 34 documents relating to Churchill's mining concession in Kalimantan were forged, pointing to Churchill's local partner as the most likely culprit.
- Indonesia prevailed in court, but the verdict is an indictment of corruption and poor management by Indonesian officials as well as mining companies.


Study maps 187 land conflicts as palm oil expands in Kalimantan [12/20/2016]
- Nearly half of the 187 villages were found to be strongly opposed to oil palm companies. Such a sentiment was highly correlated with communities that depend on forest products for their livelihoods.
- In areas that have already undergone or are undergoing forest transformation to oil palm or timber plantations, there were more specific conflicts among local communities and palm oil companies, such as land boundary disputes, perceived lack of consultation, illegal actions by the company, and lack of compensation and broken promises to the affected communities.
- Studies like this that count and map the number of natural resource-related conflicts in Kalimantan are highly needed and currently lacking in reliable data.


All I want for Christmas… a wildlife researcher’s holiday wish list [12/20/2016]
- They are some of the world’s most unique, beautiful (though sometimes, really ugly), little known, but always seriously threatened species. They’re among the many Almost Famous Asian Animals conservationists are trying to save, and which Mongabay has featured in 2016.
- The examples included here are Asia’s urbane fishing cat, Vietnam’s heavily trafficked pangolin, Central Asia’s at risk wild yaks and saiga, and Indonesia’s Painted terrapin. All of these, and many more, could benefit from a holiday financial boost.
- Mostly these creatures need the same things: research and breeding facilities; educational workshops; and really cool, high tech, high ticket, radio collars and tracking devices. These items come with price tags ranging from a few hundred bucks, to thousands, to tens of thousands of dollars.


Indonesia’s forestry ministry takes Greenpeace to court over freedom of information request [12/19/2016]
- Reformist President Joko Widodo has called for a more transparent approach to governance in the resource-rich Southeast Asian nation, and activists agree that his administration has been more open than those of his predecessors.
- At the same time, the administration has withheld from the public key data and documents related to the country's forestry, agribusiness and mining sectors.
- Some civil society groups are seeking access to the shapefile format of certain data, which allows for much more sophisticated analysis than do the .jpeg and .pdf files the state is willing to part with.
- In October, Indonesia's freedom of information commission ruled in favor of a case brought by Greenpeace, asking the forestry ministry to publish a number of geospatial maps in shapefile format. The ministry's lawyers are challenging the decision, arguing that the shapefiles could be manipulated by third parties.


Green groups raise red flags over Jokowi’s widely acclaimed haze law [12/09/2016]
- Indonesian President Joko Widodo last week codified a much-praised moratorium on peatland development into law.
- Though widely reported as a permanent ban on clearing and draining the archipelago's carbon-rich peat swamps, the prohibition will only last until the government finishes mapping and zoning the nation's peatlands, although stronger protections have been put in place.
- Norway praised the policy's legalization, announcing it would release $25 million to support the sustainable management of Indonesia's peatlands.
- Some environmental groups tell Mongabay that the regulation pays insufficient heed to the scientific evidence of what is required to prevent the wholesale collapse of peatland ecosystems.


Expedition finds serious damage to Southeast Sulawesi’s marine ecosystem [12/08/2016]
- A WWF-led expedition in Southeast Sulawesi found severely reduced hard-coral cover in nine out of 38 sampling sites.
- Researchers point to sediment created by the province's nickel mining industry as one of the primary drivers of reef destruction.
- An outbreak of coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish is also contributing to the problem.


Watch video of baby slow loris born to mother rescued from wildlife traffickers [12/07/2016]
- Poachers had shot the pregnant loris with an airgun, and pellets were still lodged behind her right eye and in her back when the IAR medical team assessed her.
- The loris, named Canon, gave birth to her baby four days after being taken into IAR.
- Canon seems to be taking good care of her baby, IAR said, and both mother and baby are doing well.
- Two other pregnant lorises gave birth prematurely and their babies didn’t survive, IAR said.


Indonesia shifts emissions-reduction burden from energy to forestry sector [11/30/2016]
- Ahead of the UN climate summit in Paris last year, Indonesia pledged to reduce its emissions growth by 29 percent over business-as-usual levels by 2030, or by 41 percent with adequate international aid.
- Previously, the government had announced that the lion's share for meeting the commitment would fall on the coal-dependent energy sector.
- Ahead of the latest climate summit in Morocco, however, Indonesia announced a shift in the breakdown that would see the forestry sector carry the heaviest load.


Indonesian court shuts down legal challenge to Aceh land-use plan [11/29/2016]
- The Central Jakarta District Court ruled against a class-action lawsuit filed by nine plaintiffs from Indonesia's westernmost Aceh province.
- The lawsuit had asked the court to force the Aceh government to include the nationally protected Leuser Ecosystem in its allegedly illegal land-use plan.
- The Aceh government has characterized Leuser's protected status as an imposition on its right to develop and argued that it can zone the province how it likes, without Jakarta's approval.
- The plaintiffs said they would appeal.


Conservation in oil palm is possible (commentary) [11/25/2016]
- The oil palm sector is often blamed as one of the biggest threats in tropical conservation. Much of the critique of the sector is justified.
- Whereas most oil palm concessions are associated with the destruction of orangutan habitat, at least one company, PT KAL in West Kalimantan, stands out for protecting some 150 orangutans in its concession.
- Important lessons are to be learned from this case.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the author.


The Javan rhino: protected and threatened by a volcano [11/23/2016]
- Around sixty Javan rhinos are known to survive, all in Ujung Kulon National Park in western Java.
- The park lies across a narrow strait from Anak Krakatua – literally the "child of Krakatoa" – the successor to the one of the deadliest volcanos in history.
- The park's rhino population faces numerous threats, and researchers fear a volcanic eruption could push the species even closer to extinction.


Palm oil culprits apprehended in the Leuser Ecosystem. Who sent them? [11/23/2016]
- Three men and an excavator were found digging a drainage canal through the Singkil Swamp Wildlife Reserve, the region's largest, deepest and most intact peatland.
- The head of the Aceh Natural Resources Conservation Agency says the men appeared to be clearing the land for oil palm, which is illegal in the area.
- The arrest comes at a critical time for the broader Leuser Ecosystem, with a Jakarta court set to rule on a challenge to Aceh province's controversial land-use plan next week. The allegedly illegal plan makes no mention of Leuser.


Small-scale farming threatens rainforests in Sumatra [11/22/2016]
- A recent study probed the ecology of small farms in Sumatra, showing that small-scale farming can be just as damaging to the environment as large plantations.
- Small-scale coffee growers in Latin America have sustainable practices because they work in cooperatives with direct access to markets for rainforest-certified products.
- For smallholder farming of oil palm and rubber to become sustainable in Indonesia, farmers will need to form similar cooperatives and grow rainforest-certified crops.


69m people breathed toxic smoke from 2015 Indonesian fires: study [11/22/2016]
- The study was led by a researcher from Newcastle University and published in the journal Scientific Reports.
- The findings support an earlier study which concluded that 100,300 people are likely to have died prematurely as a result of last year's fires.
- Researchers said they could have drawn more reliable conclusions if local hospitalization data had been available, but such data is scarce.


Don’t feed the orangutans — a warning unheeded at popular ecotourism stop [11/21/2016]
- Bukit Lawang is a small tourist village on the fringes of the heavily forested Leuser Ecosystem in Indonesia's main western island of Sumatra.
- The industry has been a boon for Bukit Lawang villagers, but even some locals are raising concerns about bad practices they say are harming the orangutans.
- Observers say that done properly, ecotourism could help protect the orangutans and their habitat. But that's a far cry from Bukit Lawang today.


A data trove to support a hoped-for shark sanctuary in Indonesia [11/18/2016]
- Growing international demand for shark fins has caused a massive increase in shark catches.
- Local groups in the Gili Islands want the government to create a sanctuary for sharks there. It would be Indonesia's first.
- To build their case, conservationists are gathering data about the abundance of species in the area, which they hope will convince the government to establish the sanctuary.


Indonesia ships first containers of timber under EU legality scheme [11/17/2016]
- Fifteen countries have agreed to participate in the scheme, known as FLEGT.
- Indonesia is the first to certify its exports as legal under the scheme.
- Now Indonesia must maintain the credibility of its system for ensuring compliance with the scheme.


From Ohio to Indonesia: captive-bred Sumatran rhinos may be the species’ only hope for a future [11/08/2016]
- Andalas, the first rhino born at the Cincinnati Zoo, has already fathered two calves with a female at the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary in Indonesia. Hopes are now pinned on his brother successfully breeding there too.
- Researchers in Malaysian Borneo, where the last three rhinos surviving in captivity all have fertility problems, have turned to in vitro fertilization to try and produce a calf.
- Experts say they have to be optimistic about the future, but Sumatran rhinos face daunting challenges: small numbers, low fertility, bureaucratic obstacles and questions over the wisdom of expending so many resources on so few animals.


Asia races to save the Critically Endangered helmeted hornbill [11/07/2016]
- The helmeted hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil) is one of Southeast Asia’s most unique large bird species, but its numbers have plummeted since 2012 as organized crime trafficking rings trade in the “red ivory” of the birds’ casque, an enlargement of its beak, which can sell for $4,000 per kilo.
- Yokyok Hadiprakarsa, Executive Director of the Indonesian Hornbill Conservation Society, has worked with R. vigil for seventeen years. At first he was interested in its biology; then, as he watched the bird vanish from his nation’s forests, he became a crusader for its preservation.
- A 2013 investigation revealed that in Indonesia’s West Kalimantan province 6,000 helmeted hornbills were killed for their red ivory in a single year. The birds’ casques are carved into ornaments, jewelry and belt buckles, or are turned into pills with dubious curative powers.
- While the species is protected under CITES, and has been declared Critically Endangered by the IUCN, trafficking enforcement efforts have largely been a failure so far across the region. Only a redoubled effort by Asian countries is likely to save it.


For the palm oil industry, ‘engagement’ means turning a blind eye to deforestation [11/07/2016]
- Regardless of who they trade with, palm oil producers should be hearing the same message: clearing rainforests doesn’t pay. Yet that message is not getting through.
- Greenpeace has just concluded an investigation into environmental and human rights abuses in the global palm oil trade. What we uncovered incriminates almost all of the major palm oil traders.
- This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author, not necessarily Mongabay.


Massive hydroelectricity project planned for Indonesian Borneo [11/07/2016]
- A $17 billion hydroelectricity project on the Kayan River is slated to begin construction in early 2017.
- Experts fear the project, which is expected to affect 184,270 hectares, will have a severe impact on the area's ecosystem and indigenous people.
- There has been little opposition to the project, with local leaders saying they believe it will bring economic development to the region.


Was Borneo once a land of tigers? [11/07/2016]
- The scientific consensus is that while tigers did inhabit the Indonesian islands of Java and Bali, and still live in Sumatra, they never lived in Borneo.
- Indigenous peoples in Borneo say otherwise. So-called 'tiger fangs,' for example, often feature in traditional Dayak ceremonies.
- Some researchers wonder if the question of whether tigers lived in Borneo has gotten short shrift from experts who should be paying more attention to local communities.


Parents who say Indonesia’s haze killed their children testify in citizen suit [11/04/2016]
- Indonesian President Joko Widodo has promised to prosecute companies linked to last year's fire and haze disaster.
- In July, though, the Riau Police terminated investigations into 15 companies the environment ministry had listed in connection with the burning.
- At least two lawsuits challenging the dropping of the cases are now underway.


Higher incomes driving Indonesian smallholders to oil palm and rubber [11/03/2016]
- Interviews with more than 460 farming households led the scientists to conclude that farmers making the switch to a single crop chasing better incomes.
- More than 40 scientists from Indonesia, Switzerland, New Zealand and Germany were involved in the research.
- The research is part of the EFForTS project, based at the University of Göttingen in Germany.


From Indonesia to Ohio: the struggle to breed Sumatran rhinos in captivity [11/03/2016]
- Sumatran rhinos were once widespread across southern Asia; today, fewer than 100 are believed to be left in the wild.
- An international captive breeding program was launched in 1984, sending rhinos to the United States and United Kingdom.
- The first calf wasn't born until 2001, because maintaining and breeding these rare rhinos turned out to be an unusual challenge.


Complaint against a palm oil company in Papua held in limbo by RSPO [11/02/2016]
- In April, an NGO complained to the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil about a plantation firm alleged to have grabbed indigenous land in Indonesia's Papua province.
- The official grievance has yet to be accepted or rejected by the RSPO's Complaints Panel, even after more than six months.
- Observers have noted that an executive from the parent company of the firm in question also sits on the RSPO's Board of Directors. The roundtable denies that there is any conflict of interest.
- The RSPO is the world's largest association for ethical palm oil production, whose members consist of palm oil companies, banks and NGOs that choose to join.


North Sumatra’s governor wants to build a road through Mt. Leuser National Park [10/31/2016]
- The national park lies within the Leuser Ecosystem, home to one of Indonesia's last great swaths of intact rainforest.
- The governors of Aceh and North Sumatra provinces have asked the central government for permission to develop parts of the national park.
- The environment ministry in Jakarta has rejected the plans, citing ecosystem concerns.


Pledging to reduce emissions while expanding its power grid, Indonesia walks a fine line [10/28/2016]
- On October 19, Indonesia's parliament ratified the Paris Agreement.
- During the Paris climate conference, Indonesian President Joko Widodo pledged to reduce emissions to 29 percent below the "business as usual" baseline by 2030.
- Indonesia aims to add 35,000 megawatts of power to its existing national grid by 2019, a plan that calls for building 117 new coal-fired power plants.
- Slower-than-expected progress in its grid expansion plan may help Indonesia meet emissions targets, for now.


RSPO loses key backer in Australia: ‘We just can’t trust them anymore’ [10/28/2016]
- Palm Oil Investigations said it would cease to promote palm oil certified as sustainable by the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil.
- The watchdog had pushed some of Australia's biggest corporate users of palm oil to buy only that which the RSPO had certified as ethically produced.
- The RSPO is the world's largest association for sustainable palm oil production.


Hectare by hectare, an indigenous man reforested a jungle in Indonesia’s burned-out heartland [10/26/2016]
- In 1998, a Dayak Ngaju man named Januminro started buying up and reforesting degraded land not far from Palangkaraya, the capital of Indonesia's Central Kalimantan province.
- Today the forest spans 18 hectares and is home to orangutans, sun bears and other endangered species.
- Januminro uses funds from an adopt-a-tree program to operate a volunteer firefighting team. He has big plans to expand the forest.


Company poised to destroy critical orangutan habitat in breach of Indonesia’s moratorium [10/24/2016]
- Sungai Putri is a beautiful natural forest area in West Kalimantan that is home to between 750 and 1750 orangutans.
- This makes it the third largest population of this Critically Endangered species in the province. Sungai Putri has extensive deep peat areas, up to 14.5 meters deep in places.
- A company named PT Mohairson Pawan Khatulistiwa apparently plans to clear more than half of their license area for conversion into an industrial tree plantation.


Man surrenders pet crocodile he raised for 13 years [10/20/2016]
- The crocodile was 4 meters long.
- It consumed up to three chickens or ducks a day — very expensive for its owner.
- Officials took the crocodile to a breeding park in Sumatra's largest city, Medan.


Environmentalists squirm as Jokowi eyes Lake Toba tourism bonanza [10/19/2016]
- Indonesian President Joko Widodo has established a special authority to revive tourism in Lake Toba, North Sumatra.
- Environmentalists worry the plan could lead to forest clearance and exacerbate a worsening pollution problem.
- Government officials argue tourism could actually be a boon for the lake's environment — trees included — as well as the local economy.


More than 20 labor law violations by Indofood alleged in Indonesia [10/14/2016]
- NGOs are calling for a pair of Indofood subsidiaries to be suspended from the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil.
- The company has denied the allegations of human rights abuses on its plantations in the archipelagic Southeast Asian country, the world's top palm oil producer.
- Indofood is an arm of the Salim Group and one of the world's largest palm oil companies.


Airbus to marshal its satellites against deforestation [10/12/2016]
- Starling is a new service developed by Airbus, The Forest Trust and SarVision.
- Palm oil suppliers can use it to verify their compliance with their customers' zero-deforestation policies.
- Starling, which will be sold to companies, is meant as a compliment to Global Forest Watch, a publicly available platform that anyone can use to track deforestation in near-real time.
- Starling is more powerful than Global Forest Watch, with the ability to see through clouds and zoom in close enough to count the trees.


Struggle against mining on Bangka Island continues despite wins in court [10/11/2016]
- Pulau Bangka lies off the coast of Sulawesi, Indonesia, in one of the world's most biodiverse marine areas.
- In 2008, a local official granted mining company PT Migroko Metal Perdana a permit to explore the area for iron ore.
- Indonesia's Supreme Court ruled that the permit should be revoked, but the local government has not executed the order.
- Indonesia's Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries has pledged to raise the issue with the president.


Fires ravaged forests in Indonesian palm oil giant Astra’s land in 2015 [10/07/2016]
- In September last year, Astra Agro Lestari earned plaudits for issuing a zero-deforestation pledge.
- A new Aidenvironment report tracks the company's progress implementing its commitment.
- A major issue is Astra's policy for preventing fires on its land. Fires raged across its concessions last year, but the firm has not elaborated how it plans to stop burning.


Indonesia’s oil palm plantations are rife with spitting cobras [10/06/2016]
- The Southeast Asian country is the world's top palm oil producer. It also ranks No. 2 in snakebites globally.
- The species of serpent that has spread in Indonesia's oil palm and rubber plantations is the Sumatran cobra.
- There is no available antivenom for Sumatran cobra bites. Plantation workers often die from them.


House of Mussels: an artificial reef off the coast of Jakarta [10/05/2016]
- The underwater sculpture Domus Musculi, or House of Mussels, is "a remembrance of what the Jakarta Bay has been famous for: its mussels, which nowadays are no longer exist due to heavy pollution," according to the artist Teguh Ostenrik's website.
- The sculpture uses Biorock technology, a patented artificial reef system that involves coursing electricity into the sculptures’ steel frames.
- Ostenrik has installed other artificial reefs in the waters off Lombok and the Wakatobi islands.


Laws alone don’t stop companies from abandoning deadly mine pits in Indonesia [10/05/2016]
- Indonesian law requires resource extraction companies to manage and pay for post-mining reclamation.
- The law is poorly enforced, and many coal mining sites are abandoned without reclamation or even basic safety precautions.
- Officials say they lack the resources to tackle the problem effectively.
- Twenty-five children have died in abandoned mining pits in Indonesia.


139 scientists shoot down ‘misleading’ reports from Malaysia peat congress [10/04/2016]
- The researchers issued an open letter in response to certain newspaper articles about the 15th International Peat Congress, held recently in Malaysia, a top palm oil producer.
- One article erroneously portrays an IPC executive as endorsing new studies finding drainage-based peatland agriculture to be not necessarily unsustainable, when the executive made no such comments.
- More broadly, the articles in question portray as fringely held the view that drainage-based peatland development is unsustainable, when in fact it is backed by an extensive body of research and held by a large number of scientists, not just by “militant environmentalists” and “green NGOs” as implied by the articles.
- The articles were published in The Jakarta Post and The Borneo Post.


Indonesia exploring new model to fund national parks [09/30/2016]
- The environment ministry's budget for conservation was recently slashed by parliament.
- To fill the gap, the ministry is exploring a mechanism to seek foreign funding, the ministry's director for nature conservation told Mongabay.
- The mechanism could build on a model established last year in Raja Ampat district, in which a special authority was set up to manage the district's protected areas using tourism revenue.


Fires driving deforestation in Indonesia’s Leuser Ecosystem [09/29/2016]
- The Leuser Ecosystem is home to one of Indonesia's best remaining rainforests.
- The nationally protected area saw its forest cover dwindle from 1,820,726 hectares to 1,816,629 hectares from January-June 2016.
- More than 2,000 forest crimes were recorded in Leuser during the same period.


Slave-linked fishing firm thought to have resumed operations in Indonesia [09/29/2016]
- Indonesian fisheries minister Susi Pudjiastuti told reporters she had reopened an investigation into PT Pusaka Benjina Resources.
- The company's licenses were revoked after the Associated Press exposed slavery and human trafficking in its operations in eastern Indonesia last year.
- Pudjiastuti said she had received a report that the company had been buying fish from local fishermen for almost a month and processing them in its factory on Benjina Island north of Australia.


Indonesia seeks foreign funds to aid peat restoration drive [09/26/2016]
- The head of Indonesia's peat restoration agency said corporate social responsibility and donor funds would not be enough to meet the country's target.
- Indonesia's finance ministry is preparing a reform package to provide incentives to invest in peat rehabilitation.
- The environment ministry has moved to issue five timber companies with administrative sanctions for complicity in wildfires burning on their concessions.
- Three companies had their licenses altogether revoked; land from two of those concessions will be converted into a buffer zone for Tesso Nilo National Park.


Efforts to conserve Asia’s rhinos meet successes, setbacks [09/22/2016]
- Asia is home to three of the world’s five surviving rhino species
- Rhino populations in India and Nepal are growing, but Javan and Sumatran rhinoceroses remain critically endangered
- Their survival likely depends on successful collaboration between governments and conservation organizations


SE Asian governments dismiss finding that 2015 haze killed 100,300 [09/20/2016]
- On Monday, researchers from Harvard and Columbia universities reported that 100,300 people in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore are likely to have died prematurely from haze produced by last year's devastating agricultural fires in Indonesia.
- Government officials from the three countries cast doubt on the findings.
- One of the study's authors suggested the figure was actually conservative, as it only accounted for adults and for deaths that could occur within one year of exposure to the haze.


Revealed: Australian miner used arbitration threat to upend Indonesian environmental law [09/15/2016]
- In the early 2000s, Australia-based Newcrest Mining was one of 13 companies to win an exemption from Indonesia's 1999 Forestry Law, which banned an environmentally destructive form of mining in protected forest areas.
- The companies had obtained permits from Indonesia's military government, but when the regime fell in 1998, the newly democratized country tried to implement new rules to protect its forests.
- Newcrest responded by threatening to sue the Indonesian government in a secretive international tribunal presided over by corporate lawyers, under an instrument of international law known as investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS).
- ISDS is written into thousands of trade and investment treaties, including the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Trans-Pacific Partnership.


Pulp and paper supplier denies draining peat on island near Singapore [09/13/2016]
- Haze-causing fires are continuing to burn in Indonesia, especially in West Kalimantan province on the island of Borneo.
- The CEO of PT RAPP, a subsidiary of Indonesia's second-largest pulp and paper company, said the canals his firm was accused of digging recently in order to drain peat soil for planting were actually meant to serve as reservoirs to aid firefighting in the burned-out concession.
- Indonesia's peatland restoration agency is investigating the company's activities.


Indonesian environment ministry shoots down geothermal plan in Mount Leuser National Park [09/12/2016]
- Last month, the governor of Aceh province asked the Environment and Forestry Ministry to greenlight a geothermal project in Mount Leuser National Park.
- The ministry has rejected the request, the ministry's head of national parks told Mongabay.
- Conservationists worried the project would threaten some of the last remaining Sumatran elephants and rhinos, both of which are critically endangered species.
- The company behind the project was Hitay Holdings, a Turkish investment group.


‘A major concern’: plantation-driven deforestation ramps up in Borneo [09/10/2016]
- Researchers analyzed satellite data and historical land cover maps to determine how much forest was cleared for plantations between 1973 and 2015.
- In total, they found 18.7 million hectares of old-growth forest was cleared between 1973 and 2015. Of that, they concluded 4.5 to 4.8 million hectares were cleared for plantation expansion – mostly for palm oil production.
- They found less plantation-driven deforestation on the Indonesian side than they were expecting, but a big jump from 2005 to 2015. Malaysia has remained relatively constant since the 1970s.
- The researchers recommend their findings be used to increase transparency and accountability.


First Toba, now Maninjau: another mass fish death hits an Indonesian lake [09/09/2016]
- Three thousand tons of farmed fish are thought to have perished in Lake Maninjau, the largest lake in Indonesia's West Sumatra province.
- The die-off follows a similar incident that occurred in Lake Toba, North Sumatra, in May.
- As in Toba, scientists say there are too many fish farms in Lake Maninjau, exacerbating the natural factors that may have killed the fish.


The good, the bad, and the ugly in palm oil (commentary) [09/09/2016]
- A new study quantifies the impact of palm oil on forest cover in Borneo.
- The results indicate that the plantation industry was the principle driver of the loss of old-growth forest in Malaysian Borneo.
- The good news, at least for Indonesia, is that considerably more oil palm has been developed on land that had been cleared many years previously.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the authors.


These banks are pumping billions into Southeast Asia’s deforestation [09/08/2016]
- The new Forests and Finance database was launched on Tuesday by a coalition of research and campaign groups.
- The data show that in 2010-2015, banks in Asia and the West pumped over $50 billion into Southeast Asian forest-risk companies.
- Many banks lack policies to prevent their money from being used to harm the environment.
- Even the policies that do appear strong on paper are often of little effect, experts say.


Indonesian government to investigate Korean palm oil giant over burning in Papua [09/07/2016]
- The Indonesian environment ministry said they were sending a team to look into Korindo's operations in Papua.
- A Korindo spokesperson denied that the company had burned land intentionally, suggesting that the fires on its land were the government's fault, not the company's.
- Environmental campaigners are touring Korea this week to raise awareness about Korindo's activities in Papua.


IUCN motions to ban the pangolin trade [09/06/2016]
- The IUCN World Conservation Congress last week passed a motion urging all IUCN members to support the transfer of all eight pangolin species from Appendix II to Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
- The next CITES conference begins in late September.
- The motion was proposed by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), with 18 co-sponsors, and adopted with a majority of IUCN members.


Indonesian military plans anti-haze operation in Sumatra [09/02/2016]
- Indonesian daily Kompas reported that military officers on Thursday used a speedboat to access a four-hectare fire burning in Simpang Tiga village, Ogan Komering Ilir district.
- This week the newly appointed police chief criticized Singaporean law for the latitude it gave the city state to sanction Indonesian citizens complicit in burning land.
- The Singapore Environment Council continues to push retailers to remove product lines sourced from companies complicit in wild fires.


No fire, no food: tribe clings to slash-and-burn amid haze crackdown [09/01/2016]
- Indonesia's vast peat swamp zones have been widely drained and dried for agriculture and made highly flammable. In the dry season they burn uncontrollably when farmers and companies use fire to clear land.
- Last year's fires sent toxic haze billowing across Southeast Asia, polluting the air above Singapore, Malaysia and other countries. They sickened half a million people in Indonesia and emitted more carbon than the entire EU during the same period.
- To prevent another crisis, President Joko Widodo has ordered a law enforcement crackdown on illegal burning, and already the police have arrested hundreds of people.
- Indigenous tribes who have relied on slash-and-burn for centuries, however, say that they need to be allowed to keep burning, and that they may face a food crisis if they cannot.


657 pangolins found wrapped in plastic, hidden in freezers [09/01/2016]
- More than 600 pangolins were found vacuum sealed in plastic and frozen in five large freezers, Indonesian authorities said.
- The police have arrested a 55-year-old man, who has been named a suspect.
- If found guilty of illegally trading pangolins, the suspect could face five years in jail and a fine of 100m rupiah ($7,500).


Korean palm oil firm burned large tracts of forestland in Indonesia, NGOs allege [09/01/2016]
- A new report by environmental group Mighty and partners highlights rainforest destruction and fires on land belonging to the conglomerate Korindo in Indonesia's Papua province.
- Satellite images and hotspot data show the spread of fire closely mirrors land development in the company's oil palm concessions, an indication it used fire to clear land cheaply.
- Burning land to clear it is illegal for companies in Indonesia, but many firms have done so anyway, fueling the annual forest and peatland fires that blanket the region in a choking haze.


Why did millions of fish turn up dead in Indonesia’s giant Lake Toba? [08/30/2016]
- In May, millions of fish died suddenly in the Haranggaol Bay of Lake Toba, Indonesia's largest lake. Scientists chalked it up to a sudden depletion of oxygen in the water, the result of a buildup of pollutants in the lake, unfavorable weather conditions and unsustainable practices by local aquafarmers.
- The local economy was badly shaken by the incident. Most residents of Haranggaol village rely on the fish farms as their only dependable source of income. Many villagers have had to go into debt to keep their businesses from collapsing.
- Haranggaol residents have since tried to modify their practices to prevent another die-off, but without the resources and know-how of the lake's corporate aquafarmers, they have had a difficult time.
- Meanwhile, the government has big plans for Lake Toba as a tourist destination along the lines of a "Monaco of Asia" — one that might not include the unsightly fish farms.


Another Indonesian court convicts a company of causing fires [08/30/2016]
- In December 2015, plantation company PT Bumi Mekar Hijau was acquitted in a civil suit the government had filed against it for letting fires ravage its land in 2014.
- Now, an appeals court has reversed that decision, ordering the company to pay $6 million in compensation.
- Environmentalists wished the company had been made to pay a higher penalty, given that the government was asking for more than $600 million. The 2015 Southeast Asian haze crisis cost Indonesia $16 billion, according to the World Bank.


Indonesian police arrest hundreds in connection to burning land [08/26/2016]
- Indonesia's top cop on Thursday said the police had arrested 454 individuals over the fires now spreading in Sumatra and Kalimantan.
- The environment minister called on police to “investigate thoroughly” for any links to companies and local government officials.
- Local authorities in some haze-hit areas were assembling makeshift shelters as a precautionary measure to care for people with health problems.


Aceh governor eyes geothermal project in Indonesia’s Leuser Ecosystem [08/26/2016]
- Aceh Governor Zaini Abdullah has written to the Environment and Forestry Ministry in Jakarta, asking for part of the core zone of Mount Leuser National Park to be rezoned for geothermal development.
- The plan is for a company owned by Turkish venture capitalist Emin Hitay to explore the area for geothermal resources. Hitay intends to invest billions of dollars in geothermal projects across Indonesia.
- Abdullah argued that the project would support President Joko Widodo's goal of adding a 35,000 megawatts of generating capacity to Indonesia's electrical grid.
- Environmentalists object to the plan because they say it will threaten endangered wildlife and harm local livelihoods.


Pet trade’s “cute” and “adorable” label endangers the slow loris [08/25/2016]
- The slow loris includes all the species of the genus Nycticebus, which range from Northeast India to Southeast Asia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Much still isn’t known about the genus, including the numbers of animals remaining in the wild. Not even the number of species is certain (the IUCN is raising the count from 8 to 9 this fall).
- These nocturnal primates are highly threatened by trafficking. Lorises are hunted for sale as pets, for traditional medicine, and for photo prop opportunities with tourists. Habitat loss is another leading cause of decline, though lorises have proven to be adaptable. They like forest edges, so can live near human communities successfully if left alone.
- The loris is unusual in that it is a venomous mammal, and its bite is toxic, and can be dangerous to humans. For that reason, traffickers pull the animal’s teeth when captured without use of anesthetics or antibiotics. Many captured for the pet trade die in transit.
- Dr. Anna Nekaris and the Little Fireface Project in Java, Indonesia, are leaders in the underfunded slow loris research and conservation effort. Rescue centers have arisen across Asia to protect the animals. Education is a key tool: Nekaris, for example, suggests not “liking” viral loris youtube videos, but instead offering conservation-related comments.


Indonesia must do more to protect whale sharks, conservationists say [08/23/2016]
- Most whale sharks live in the Indo-Pacific, where Indonesia lies.
- The giant fish is a protected species in Indonesia, but that hasn't stopped poachers from hunting it for its fins, skin and oil.
- Advocates want the Indonesian government to crack down on traffickers and do more to promote sustainable ecotourism that contributes to the creature's conservation.


Indonesian parliament to investigate fire-linked firms in Riau [08/20/2016]
Indonesian parliament to investigate fire-linked firms in Riau After police in the province closed cases against 15 companies linked to burning.

Indonesia’s peat restoration chief calls for protection of all peat domes [08/18/2016]
Indonesia’s peat restoration chief calls for protection of all peat domes The Indonesian agency set up to prevent a recurrence of last year’s devastating forest and peatland fires is calling for all peat domes in the country to be designated as protected areas. Indonesian law already prohibits development on deep peatlands, where the carbon-rich peat soil can extend for many meters below the surface. But the country’s vague peat […]

Smoke from Indonesia’s fires begins to drift into Malaysia [08/17/2016]
- The number of Indonesian fires and hotspots in the 2016 dry season has so far been lower than last year.
- The director of law enforcement at Indonesia’s environment ministry said the ministry accepted the unpopular decision by Riau Police to close the pending cases on the 15 companies under investigation.
- Kalyana Sundram from the Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) said companies liable for fires in Malaysia would have licenses immediately revoked by the central government.


Pulling the stunningly unique painted terrapin back from the brink [08/17/2016]
- The Critically Endangered painted terrapin (Batagur borneoensis) is one of the 25 most endangered tortoises and freshwater turtles on earth, according to the Turtle Survival Coalition — with surviving numbers in Indonesia and Malaysia unknown.
- The species is under tremendous pressure from poaching for eggs and by agroindustry which is degrading and converting its river and ocean beach and mangrove habitat for fish and shrimp aquaculture and oil palm production.
- Joko Guntoro and the Satucita Foundation — with help from the UK’s Chester Zoo, the Houston Zoo in Texas, and the Turtle Survival Alliance — have built a head starting facility in Indonesia and successfully incubated more than six hundred hatchlings which are scheduled for release this autumn.
- A mysterious species, scientists know next to nothing about painted terrapin migration, juvenile and adult behaviors — key to conservation. Unfortunately, under-funded researchers lack the money for satellite tracking of the species.


PHOTOS: ‘A Visual Celebration of Borneo’s Wildlife’ [08/15/2016]
- “This is probably the finest and most comprehensive collection of images ever published of Borneo’s diverse wildlife, based on the latest research papers,” photogarapher and writer Bjorn Olesen told Mongabay.
- All of the authors’ royalties from the book will be donated to Fauna and Flora International for its nature conservation work in Southeast Asia.
- But if you just can’t wait until you get your hands on a copy, Mongabay has a sneak peek for you. Here is a selection of the photos from the book, with captions by Bjorn Olesen.


10 orangutans released into the wild in Borneo [08/15/2016]
- The orangutans were freed in Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park, which forms part of the Heart of Borneo conservation project.
- It was the first time orangutans were released in the national park. Conservationists hope to eventually free 300 captive orangutans there.
- A 2007 government action plan called for all captive orangutans to be released by now, but more than 1,500 still live in rehabilitation centers across Sumatra and Kalimantan.
- Rapid loss of the creatures' forest habitats is one reason why it's hard to find release sites for the animals.


Company ordered to pay record $76m over fires in Sumatra [08/12/2016]
- The case concerned fires that burned across PT National Sago Prima's concession in Indonesia's Riau province in 2014.
- The company was deemed to have been negligent in failing to prevent the fires because it did not have the proper firefighting equipment and infrastructure on hand.
- The fires were also deemed to have damaged the environment and the economy.


Indonesia mulls revision of orangutan conservation plan [08/11/2016]
- Indonesia's 2007 strategy for saving the endangered Sumatran and Bornean orangutans has not gone according to plan, with both species continuing their decline.
- The authors of the 2007 action plan thought Indonesia's worst environmental problems, such as the rapid loss of forest where orangutans live, would be solved by now, according to a government official who helped to write the plan.
- Last year, the government set a new target to increase the population of 25 "priority species," including the Bornean orangutan, by 10% over 2013 levels by 2019.


Tens of thousands of birds being sold illegally in Javan bird markets [08/11/2016]
- Around 98 percent of the birds being sold in Javan bird markets are native to Indonesia, study found.
- Some 28 species being sold at the markets are protected under Indonesia’s national law, while 10 species are listed as Threatened by the IUCN Red List.
- Traders succeed in selling wild-caught birds mainly because law enforcement is lax, conservationists say.


From Boom to Glug glug: Indonesia’s new anti-poacher policy [08/09/2016]
- Since taking office in 2014, one of Indonesian President Joko Widodo's signature policies has been to explode fishing boats that trespass in the archipelagic country's waters (after evacuating the crews). One hundred and seventy-six vessels have already been destroyed in this way.
- Now, the government is changing its policy. Beginning on August 17, Indonesia's independence day, the boats will be sunk in such a way as to promote the formation of coral reefs.
- A fisheries ministry official said foreign countries had already gotten the message, so there was no need to keep exploding boats.
- Another reason for the change is an accident that happened with the MV Viking, which leaked oil onto a popular beach in southern Java after it was scuttled in March.


Photos: Indonesia’s far-flung indigenous seek audience in Jakarta [08/09/2016]
- A three-day event to honor the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples began with a Sunday march from the Bundaran HI roundabout in Central Jakarta to the National Museum.
- Despite political momentum, Indonesia’s indigenous have yet to see major gains.
- Indigenous citizens from around the country say they are still waiting for the big changes they were promised when President Joko Widodo was running for office in 2014.


Borneo conservationists and top oil palm firm work to help orangutans [08/09/2016]
- Oil palm production in Borneo is booming, resulting in major deforestation and putting Critically Endangered orangutans at risk. But the industry and conservationists have historically not worked well together to solve the problem.
- In an attempt at a solution, Orangutan Foundation International and PT SMART — Indonesia’s largest oil palm group — have joined forces to teach administrators, management and workers to value and protect orangutans.
- PT SMART and PT Lontar Papyrus, a major wood pulp supplier, have agreed to a Zero Tolerance/No Kill policy for orangutans and other protected species, and OFI is running an ongoing training program to initiate employees to the initiative.


Hundreds sickened in Indonesia’s Aceh as peat fires burn [08/09/2016]
- In West Aceh, a school has had to close, with two students hospitalized with breathing problems.
- One hundred and fifty military and police officers are trying to put the fires in West Aceh.
- The fires are a result of slash-and-burn land clearing by oil palm planters, officials say.


IPOP’s demise undercuts palm oil industry progress [commentary] [08/08/2016]
- The Indonesian Palm Oil Pledge (IPOP) was a sustainability commitment signed by Indonesia's biggest palm oil refiners in 2014.
- Dave McLaughlin, the World Wildlife Fund's acting senior vice president for sustainable food, argues that the Indonesian and Malaysian governments must do more to promote sustainability in an industry plagued by environmental destruction and illegal practices.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the author.


RSPO lifts suspension of Malaysian palm oil giant IOI [08/05/2016]
- NGOs have complained about IOI's operations in Indonesia for years. In April, the RSPO suspended the company's sustainable certification.
- On Friday, the RSPO lifted the suspension after IOI submitted an action plan to address the latest complaint.
- Green groups said the RSPO should have kept the suspension in place until IOI could demonstrate progress on the ground.
- It remains unclear whether consumer goods giants like Unilever and Proctor & Gamble, which moved to cut supplies from IOI in the wake of the suspension, will look to resume purchases from the company.


NGO sues Aceh official over cement factory permit in Leuser Ecosystem [08/04/2016]
- Walhi filed the lawsuit against the head of Aceh Tamiang district on Thursday.
- The NGO alleges that the permit violates several regulations.
- Aceh Tamiang is already experiencing water problems which Walhi says the factory would make worse.


Indonesian fisheries czar promises to end subsidized fuel scam [08/04/2016]
- On an inspection in Bali this week, fisheries minister Susi Pudjiastuti discovered that a number of boats had had their sizes marked down in order to receive subsidized fuel meant for smaller boats.
- Pudjiastuti responded with a threat to limit the fuel subsidy to boats under five gross tons, down from 30 now.
- Before Pudjiastuti was appointed minister, boats over 30 gross tons could receive the cheaper fuel.


Malayan Sun bear: bile trade threatens the World’s smallest bear [08/01/2016]
- The Malayan Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) is listed as Vulnerable to Extinction by the IUCN, and is threatened by habitat loss and hunting for traditional medicine. Its range once extended across mainland Southeast Asia, to Sumatra and Borneo, but the animal now occurs only patchily throughout.
- Sun bears are a keystone species, vitally important to seed dispersal, pest control and nutrient cycling, so their extinction would likely bring major, though largely unstudied, impacts to tropical forests.
- Killing Sun bears is prohibited under international and national wildlife protection laws, but these laws are often poorly enforced, while international trade in bear bile to serve the traditional medicine industry continues to boom.
- Conservationists in Indonesia and elsewhere are studying Sun bear behavior to improve rescue and restoration efforts. Others want to eliminate commercial bear farms where bear bile is extracted, and end trafficking by creating strong national legislation, improving enforcement, and raising public awareness.


Like Indonesia, Malaysia to sink illegal foreign fishing boats: minister [07/29/2016]
- Instead of bombing vessels that trespass in its waters, Malaysia will sink them in a way that promotes the formation of artificial reefs and fish breeding, a Malaysian minister said after a fisheries summit in Jakarta.
- Under president Joko Widodo, Indonesia has evolved into something of an enforcer of the seas.
- The announcement from Malaysia is the latest sign of international approval for the policies of Jokowi, as he is known.


Up the Kapuas River, a Borneo tribe lives off the land [07/29/2016]
- The Dayak Punan turn to the surrounding jungle for religion, food, water, shelter, medicine, and defense. They have cared for and guarded the forest for centuries.
- Indigenous peoples across Indonesia are waging a battle for the rights to their customary territories. President Joko Widodo has promised to prioritize the passage of a long-awaited law on their rights, but progress has been slow.
- Some worry that if Indonesia's indigenous gain absolute authority over their lands, they will only auction them off to the highest bidder.
- Others point to recent studies showing that forests managed by indigenous peoples are among the best preserved.


15 fire-linked firms escape prosecution in Indonesia’s Riau [07/28/2016]
- The police in Riau, Indonesia's top palm oil-producing province and one of the hardest-hit by last year's disastrous forest and peatland fires, closed cases against 15 plantation firms that the environment ministry had linked to the burning.
- Luhut Pandjaitan, who on Thursday was replaced as the country's chief security minister, had expressed concern about the decision not to bring charges against the companies.
- In East Kalimantan, the head of a local policy implementation unit has also complained that the authorities are not moving quickly enough to prosecute errant plantation firms.


New initiative to further creation of a single map in Indonesia’s Riau [07/27/2016]
- The lack of a single map of land-use claims and internal borders in Indonesia is a major impediment to sustainable development in the country.
- The government has embarked on a One Map initiative to fix this problem, but the project's fruition is still years away.
- President Joko Widodo has set a target to complete the One Map initiative by 2019.


Indonesia declares national park in top palm oil-producing province [07/27/2016]
- The establishment of the Zamrud National Park was announced as part of World Environment Day on Friday.
- Zamrud is the third national park in Riau province.
- Other national parks in Riau, especially Tesso Nilo, have suffered extensive forest loss as a result of encroachment.
- More than 40% of Riau’s forests have been cleared for industrial concessions since 2001, according to the World Resources Institute.


Failure of Indonesia’s palm oil commitment ‘not bad news’ [commentary] [07/27/2016]
- The Indonesian Palm Oil Pledge (IPOP) was a sustainability commitment signed by Indonesia's biggest palm oil exporters in 2014.
- Scott Poynton, the founder of The Forest Trust (TFT), argues that the disbandment of IPOP is no big loss to conservation.
- He says companies are pressing forward with their own sustainability initiatives.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the author.


Study concludes conservation NGOs might be better off working outside the RSPO [07/26/2016]
- NGOs adopt a number of different roles based on their conservation goals and the resources at their disposal for achieving those goals.
- However, the RSPO's institutional structure could limit NGOs’ ability to have an impact, the authors of the study found.
- Conservation NGOs have played a vital role in strengthening biodiversity conservation within the RSPO, the authors write, but the RSPO system has largely failed to support NGOs in reaching their initial conservation goals.


Fish farms need not be outlawed in Indonesia’s Lake Toba: minister [07/25/2016]
- The archipelagic country's chief security minister, Luhut Pandjaitan, said the floating cages could stay as long as they followed environmental regulations.
- The military and police had been deployed as part of an effort by the state to turn Lake Toba into a prominent tourism destination.
- Vice president Jusuf Kalla is scheduled to visit the lake at the end of this week.


Haze epicenter receives environmental award in Indonesia [07/23/2016]
- The government presented this year's Adipura Awards in Siak, Riau province.
- The awards are usually handed out in Jakarta.
- Siak also won an Adipura Award, and it was the only district in Riau, which has traditionally been hard-hit by forest and peatland fires, to do so.


Military sent to clear fish farms in Indonesia’s Lake Toba [07/22/2016]
- The giant lake has struggled with pollution as fish farming and other activities have spread in the region.
- President Joko Widodo has announced plans to clean up Lake Toba and turn it into a prominent tourist destination.
- Now, farmers in Simalungun, a district in the lake region, are told they have until Monday to get rid of their floating cages.
- The anxious farmers want the government to either extend the deadline or compensate them for their losses.


Piloting PALM Risk to detect palm oil-driven deforestation [07/20/2016]
- The PALM Risk Tool, hosted on World Resources Institute (WRI)’s Global Forest Watch (GFW) Commodities platform, uses satellite imagery to show deforestation risk around 800 palm oil mills.
- Corporations can use the tool to increase transparency, improve plantation practices, honor sustainable palm oil commitments and preserve endangered species’ habitat; government and civil society can use it to hold companies accountable to stopping rampant deforestation for palm oil.
- Piloting the technology, Unilever found 29 high-risk mills in its supply chain, and it will work with unsustainable suppliers to improve their operations and curb forest loss.


Cargill suspends new purchase agreements with Malaysian palm oil giant IOI [07/18/2016]
- Cargill is the latest palm oil user to take action against IOI Group after its sustainability certification was suspended by the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil earlier this year.
- Three of IOI’s subsidiaries in Indonesian Borneo are alleged to have cleared rainforest without the proper government permits, operated on carbon-rich deep peat soil, and used fire to clear land cheaply — practices not uncommon in an industry rife with illegality.
- Until its suspension, IOI was one of the biggest suppliers of RSPO-brand "Certified Sustainable Palm Oil."


Indonesia’s palm oil permit moratorium to last five years [07/18/2016]
- Indonesia's chief economics minister made the announcement after a meeting between ministers last week.
- The moratorium will take the form of a presidential instruction to be issued in the near future, he said.
- The forestry ministry has already taken steps to follow up on the moratorium announcement.


Indonesia’s energy, agriculture targets could undermine its climate goals: report [07/16/2016]
- Indonesia, a top carbon polluter, has pledged to reduce emissions by at least 29% over business-as-usual levels by 2030.
- At the same time, the country has set ambitious water, food and energy security goals.
- A new report looks at where these goals might conflict.


Fires begin to appear en masse as Indonesia’s burning season gets going [07/08/2016]
- Nearly 300 hotspots were detected over Sumatra and Kalimantan on Monday.
- By Wednesday, that number had dropped somewhat, though authorities said they expected the fires to increase as Indonesia enters the dry season.
- Police in Riau arrested a man for burning a small plot of land, while the NGO Walhi said authorities should focus on burning by large companies.


Bunge joins ranks of palm oil users to sanction Malaysia’s IOI [07/07/2016]
- In March, IOI lost its sustainability certification from the world's largest association for ethical palm oil production over allegations of environmental destruction in its Indonesian operations.
- Since then, a number of IOI's customers have moved to disengage with the supplier.
- Among Bunge's demands is for IOI to issue a more detailed sourcing policy.


Replanting oil palm plantations reduces frog diversity, but researchers say there are ways to fix that [07/06/2016]
- An international team of researchers compared frog populations in mature palm plantations that were about 21 to 27 years old with populations on plantations that had been re-planted within the past two years in Sumatra, Indonesia.
- They found a loss in both number of frog species (31 percent lower) and number of total frogs (47 percent lower) in young oil palm plantations as compared to mature plantations.
- The researchers say that practices such as staggered replanting and maintaining connectivity between mature oil palm patches could help maintain frog diversity, but more studies are needed for the many different types of wildlife that live in oil palm plantations.


Bornean orangutan declared ‘critically endangered’ as forests shrink [07/05/2016]
- The new IUCN assessment finds that hunting, habitat destruction, habitat degradation and fragmentation are the biggest drivers behind the population loss.
- Things will likely get worse before they get better, but it's not too late for the orangutan, according to one of the authors of the assessment.
- According to the World Wildlife Fund, 45,000-69,000 Bornean orangutans still remain.


Timber plantation licenses canceled as Mentawai fight off another threat to their traditional lands [07/01/2016]
- It was reported just last month that the Mentawai peoples, who live on Indonesia’s Mentawai Islands about 150 kilometres (93 miles) off the west coast of Sumatra, were facing a new threat to their traditional territories.
- Biomas Andalan Energi had received a principle approval letter to create timber plantations on a total of 200 square kilometers (77 square miles) of primary rainforest and indigenous lands on the biggest island of the Mentawai archipelago, Siberut.
- A petition started by local NGO Yayasan Citra Mandiri Mentawai collected over 135,000 signatures, demonstrating not just local but international support for the rights of the Mentawai people to protect their islands against exploitation.


Under gov’t pressure, palm oil giants disband green pledge [07/01/2016]
- The members of the Indonesia Palm Oil Pledge, a pact between six palm oil refiners to purge their supply chains of environmental destruction and human rights abuses, announced on Friday they were disbanding the agreement.
- The companies — Wilmar International, Cargill, Golden Agri-Resources, Asian Agri, Musim Mas and Astra Agro Lestari — feared being investigated by Indonesia's anti-monopoly agency, according to the leaked transcript of a recent meeting between the firms.
- NGOs condemned the decision as a setback for the movement to clean up the palm oil industry, whose rapid expansion is eating away at Indonesia's rainforests and dispossessing indigenous peoples.


5 Tech Projects That Are Protecting Sharks [06/30/2016]
- Annually, approximately 100 million sharks are killed by commercial fisheries.
- Shark Week is the longest running cable TV program and has aired every summer since 1988; educating millions of viewers on the intricate and elusive nature of sharks.
- In celebration and support of Shark Week 2016, we are excited to highlight five different organizations and technologies that are being used to protect shark species.


Amid illegal fishing crackdown, Indonesia to buoy legal catch [06/30/2016]
- Fishing boats across the archipelago were forced into port for months during the government's licensing freeze, part of a bid to root out illegality in the sector.
- Now, president Joko Widodo's administration has issued a new batch of licenses and announced plans to expedite its permit-issuance process.
- Experts urge the government to make sure environmental considerations are introduced into the permit-issuance regime.


What are South Sumatrans doing to prevent another haze crisis? [06/29/2016]
- Residents are still digging canals to drain peatlands, which dries out the soil and makes it prone to burning in the dry season.
- Villagers near pulp and paper supplier PT Bumi Mekar Hijau's concession, much of which burned last year, say they are upset with the company.
- A small number of residents have been enlisted to serve as part of a Fire Care Community Group to patrol the area, but a local official says it needs to be expanded.


French MPs say they were pressured into dropping palm oil tax [06/29/2016]
- Indonesian and Malaysian officials at the highest levels have lobbied hard for the tax to be scrapped.
- French politicians said Indonesia had threatened the country with "economic retaliation."
- Palm oil is an engine of Indonesia's economy but leads the way in damaging the environment.


Malaysian palm oil giant IOI under pressure after Cargill ultimatum [06/28/2016]
- Cargill said that unless IOI issues a new sourcing policy and sustainability plan by July 15, it will stay away from new contracts with the company.
- Environmental advocates called Cargill's declaration "disappointing and essentially meaningless" because IOI has already committed to zero deforestation.
- Other multinational palm oil users have already cut supplies from IOI.


64 dead in Indonesia landslides as La Nina brings heavy rains [06/27/2016]
- Central Java was hit the hardest, with 59 people confirmed dead in the province.
- At least five people were killed in the Sangihe Islands in Sulawesi.
- An environment ministry adviser is calling for natural resource extraction in Java, the world's most crowded island, to be reigned in.


Trafficking: Indonesian soldier caught with 8 pangolins in car backseat [06/24/2016]
- The officer was arrested in the city of Medan in Indonesia's main western island of Sumatra.
- The eight pangolins were worth hundreds of dollars each. The creatures are sought after for their use in Chinese medicine.
- Meanwhile, Hong Kong authorities seized nearly $10 million worth of pangolin scales on their way from Africa.


Judges up the ante for tiger traffickers in Indonesia [06/24/2016]
- Wildlife criminals in Indonesia usually receive light sentences, if they are convicted at all.
- A four-year prison term recently handed down in Sumatra is the toughest yet for selling tiger parts.
- Conservationists implored judges to continue to impose harsher sentences.


PepsiCo products in Indonesia tainted with worker abuses, report finds [06/23/2016]
- A two-month NGO investigation into palm oil giant Indofood's plantations reveal numerous worker and human rights abuses.
- PepsiCo, which has licensed out its brand to Indofood in Indonesia, said it was taking steps to address the findings.
- Indofood is an arm of the Salim Group and one of the world's largest palm oil companies.


No more fires in Indonesia? [06/20/2016]
- In late 2015, Indonesia featured heavily in the global headlines.
- Between June and November 2015, Indonesia experienced one of its worst fire and haze episodes ever.
- Impressively, during 12 days in Kalimantan with plenty of hot clear days, I saw exactly one small fire. Something seemed to be different.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the author.


Hype and secrecy in wildlife conservation [06/18/2016]
- All organizations love media attention, and wildlife conservation groups are no different.
- Media attention often helps conservation practice, but it can also achieve the opposite.
- In their quest to be short and sensational, media often distort conservation messages. Even worse, unintended side effects from media exposure can increase the threats to species.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the author.


Protected areas grow populations of shark — and disenfranchised fishers [06/15/2016]
- Globally, sharks are likely not reproducing fast enough to maintain stable populations in the face of widespread fishing.
- Indonesia is the world’s largest source of shark fins and fishers targeting sharks.
- A new study based on 2012 research found more sharks in two no-take zones compared with an open-access fishing area in West Papua, Indonesia, justifying a regency-wide ban on shark fishing implemented the same year.
- However, fishermen and other members of fishing communities interviewed for the study felt marginalized by the process of protecting sharks and the study authors conclude that shark conservation measures may inadvertently result in displacing fishing effort to unprotected regions.


Indonesia to rezone 3.8m of protected peat that was damaged or converted [06/13/2016]
- In May, the Indonesian forestry ministry disclosed that nearly half of the 8.4 million hectares of peatland protected under the 2011 forestry moratorium has been damaged or converted to other uses.
- Last week, the ministry announced it would issue a regulation to provide legal status for these areas.
- Areas that have been turned into small-scale plantations and agricultural lands by local people will be rezoned as social forestry, while areas converted by large companies could be investigated and sanctioned.


Peat expert dies from cancer after fighting Indonesian fires [06/12/2016]
- Suwido Limin was a longtime University of Palangkaraya professor who founded a volunteer firefighting brigade and spent two months in the field during last year's haze crisis.
- After the fires last year, his condition worsened, and he was diagnosed with cancer in February.
- Limin, an ethic Dayak, also helped draft a regulation on indigenous rights in Central Kalimantan that has been submitted to the provincial government for approval.


How is Indonesian president Jokowi doing on environmental issues? [06/12/2016]
- In 2014, Joko Widodo became Indonesia’s first head of state to emerge from neither the political elite nor the military.
- The election of the former furniture salesman to the nation’s highest office represented a break from its authoritarian past, and Jokowi, as he is known, was expected to enact major reforms.
- Last year, it was the environment that served up what will perhaps be remembered as the defining challenge of Jokowi’s presidency.
- Jokowi responded to the disaster with some of his most drastic measures.


Is that palm oil mill “sustainable”? A new tool can tell [06/09/2016]
- Palm oil plantation expansion has led to widespread deforestation in tropical countries like Indonesia and Malaysia.
- The PALM Risk Tool uses historical tree cover loss data and mill locations to gauge the deforestation risk level of more than 800 palm oil processing mills.
- Its creators say it can be used by companies that want to keep tabs on the sustainability of their palm oil sources.


Tracking assets for environmental advocacy work with Bloomberg [06/09/2016]
- Historically, only for-profit financial organizations have used the Bloomberg Terminal, but the advocacy community could be leveraging its vast resources to enact change.
- Part 2 of a three-part series on using the Bloomberg Terminal in advocacy work explains how to track companies’ assets, such as palm oil and other commodities.
- Tracking assets could enable advocacy groups to expose companies that fail to meet pledges to improve the sustainability of the products they source, among other tactics.


Orangutan reintroductions could risk population survival, study warns [06/08/2016]
- 1,500 orangutans now live in rescue centers located across Sumatra and Borneo, and many conservationists, along with the Indonesian government, want to return them to the wild as soon as possible. However, a new study poses a serious concern.
- Borneo’s three recognized orangutan subspecies — from three distinct regions — are thought to have diverged from each other 176,000 years ago, meaning that hybridization between them may result in negative genetic effects.
- If hybrid offspring reproduce, gene combinations beneficial to one lineage can be disrupted, causing poor health and reduced reproductive success. This “outbreeding depression” could threaten the survival of individuals and populations long-term.
- Some scientists do not agree with orangutan subspecies designations, and would rather see the animals returned to the wild quickly, no matter where. Others say genetic testing of rescued animals and reintroduction to a matching subspecies region will prevent hybridization, and would be the prudent approach.


Timber plantations are the latest threat facing Indonesia’s Mentawai Islands [06/07/2016]
- The Mentawai peoples, who live on Indonesia’s Mentawai Islands, off the western coast of Sumatra, have faced numerous attempts to develop their traditional lands.
- In 2014, the Mentawai communities convinced local officials to stop plans for industrial palm plantations on 1,000 square kilometers (about 386 square miles) of forests and indigenous territories after years of protest.
- Now a company called Biomas Andalan Energi is planning to create timber plantations on a total of 200 sq. km. (77 sq. miles) of primary rainforest and indigenous lands on the biggest island of the Mentawai archipelago, Siberut.


Unclear if France will revisit ‘discriminatory’ palm oil tax [06/06/2016]
- The proposed tax became a controversy in Indonesia and Malaysia, the two largest palm oil producers, which lobbied hard to get it rescinded.
- France consumes less than two-tenths of a percent of the palm oil produced globally, most of which goes to India and China.
- Palm oil is crucial to the Southeast Asian nations' economies but leads the way in damaging the environment.


10 reasons to be optimistic for forests [06/05/2016]
- It's easy to be pessimistic about the state of the world's forests.
- Yet all hope is not lost. There are remain good reasons for optimism when it comes to saving the world's forests.
- On the occasion of World Environment Day 2016 (June 5), the United Nations’ "day" for raising awareness and encouraging action to protect the planet, here are 10 forest-friendly trends to watch.


PanEco resigns from RSPO over ‘sheer level of inaction’ [06/03/2016]
- PanEco runs the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program in Indonesia. It was one of the RSPO's 33 NGOs members.
- The RSPO mainly consists of companies that produce, trade or use palm oil.
- The palm oil sector is vital to the Indonesian economy but leads the way in damaging the environment.


Indonesia’s Salim Group linked to ‘secret’ palm oil concessions in West Papua [06/03/2016]
- New research by awas MIFEE links the Salim Group to four plantation firms in Indonesia's West Papua province.
- The concessions span 117,000 hectares of forest and grassland and are home to indigenous tribes.
- The Salim Group has yet to respond to the findings.


The dark side of China’s foreign fishing boom [06/02/2016]
- China is the largest consumer, producer and exporter of fish, with a distant-water fleet operating in 93 countries.
- But Chinese boats are routinely getting into scuffles with foreign authorities for fishing illegally in their waters.
- Analysts say government subsidies and poor oversight promote overfishing and rogue activity.


Photos: the people of Indonesia’s marine protected areas [06/02/2016]
- A pair of WWF scientists are studying Indonesia's eastern marine parks to determine how local people interact with nature.
- Photojournalist and filmmaker James Morgan documented their research.


SE Asia’s damaged peat swamps could release 8.7 gigatons of CO2 [05/31/2016]
- Conversion of carbon-rich peatlands is a major driver of climate change, especially in Indonesia and the rest of Southeast Asia.
- A new study finds that the land use most detrimental to peat is the current standard practice of clearing, draining and burning for plantations and construction.
- The researchers found that activities that require draining peat will always result in near-term carbon loss, but some types of agriculture are more damaging than others.


Indonesia’s birds being wiped out by pet trade [05/27/2016]
- Trade has decimated populations of the Javan hawk-eagle, Javan green magpie, helmeted hornbill, silvery woodpigeon, yellow-crested cockatoo, scarlet-breasted lorikeet, black-winged myna, Bali myna, straw-headed bulbul, Javan white-eye, rufous-fronted laughingthrush, Sumatran laughingthrush and the Javan sparrow in the wild, new study has found.
- The disappearance of a bird species due to trade can have a knock-on effect on other species, the researchers say, in which trappers and traders look for the next-best and more readily available species to replace the one in decline.
- Unfortunately, governments and even conservation organizations often don't view this issue as a high priority, TRAFFIC’s Director for Southeast Asia said, which hampers efforts to prevent further losses.


Video: Critically Endangered monkey ‘chatters’ for camera [05/27/2016]
- The Wildlife Conservation Society has launched its first full-scale camera trapping campaign in northern Sulawesi in collaboration with the Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park authority.
- Cameras have been capturing footage of rare wildlife found only in the region.
- Videos show a critically endangered black-crested macaque “chattering” at a camera and a near-threatened Sulawesi warty pig ambling past one.


World’s most expensive coffee often produced from caged, abused civets, study finds [05/24/2016]
- Kopi luwak or civet coffee is made from partially digested coffee beans excreted by a shy, forest-dwelling, cat-like animal called the common palm civet.
- The rising popularity of kopi luwak has meant that civets are increasingly being removed from the wild and held in captivity on kopi luwak plantations to mass produce civet coffee.
- Caged civets on these plantations, however, tend to live in very poor conditions that fail to meet the basic animal welfare requirements, according to a new study.


Indonesia’s forestry ministry follows through on palm oil permit freeze [05/23/2016]
- In April, President Jokowi declared a moratorium on new oil palm and coal mining permits.
- Announcing the moratorium is one thing, but seeing it through in decentralized Indonesia is quite another.
- The top brass of the forestry ministry, at least, appears to be in Jokowi's corner.


The top 10 most biodiverse countries [05/22/2016]
- Today (May 22) is World Biodiversity Day.
- In celebration, below is a look at the world's ten most biodiverse countries as measured by species richness.
- This list takes a simplified approach, created a weighted index using five groups of animals — amphibians, birds, fish, mammals, and reptiles — and one group of plants — vascular plants.


Indigenous Dayak tribe pitted against palm oil giant in new film [05/18/2016]
- The Semunying Jaya community accuses the company of land grabbing and has sued it in West Kalimantan province.
- The case was featured in Indonesia's national inquiry into land conflicts affecting indigenous peoples.
- Darmex is owned by one of Indonesia's richest tycoons, Surya Darmadi.


Conservation’s people problem [05/17/2016]
- Since its beginnings, conservation has had a people problem. An ugly history of marginalizing indigenous and local communities living in ecosystems designated for protection has made re-gaining trust and building relationships with these groups one of the toughest aspects of conservation today.
- In Part 4 of Conservation, Divided, veteran Mongabay reporter Jeremy Hance explores how the field has shifted to embrace local communities as partners in conservation — and the work that remains to be done.
- Conservation, Divided is an in-depth four-part series investigating how the field of conservation has changed over the last 30 years — and the challenges it faces moving into an uncertain future. Hance completed the series over the course of eight months. Stories are running weekly between April 26 and May 17.


Singapore, Indonesia jostle over anti-haze measures [05/16/2016]
- The Indonesian environment minister said she was reviewing all bilateral collaborations with Singapore and that some would likely be terminated.
- Local governments in the archipelago have been instructed to hold off on any joint programs with Singapore for now.
- Jakarta has protested Singapore's contention that it reserves the right to fine companies that pollute its air, wherever the firm is located.


It’s a girl: rare rhino gives birth to second calf in Sumatra [05/13/2016]
- The father, Andalas, was born in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo before being transferred to Indonesia.
- An uncle, Harapan, was the last Sumatran rhino in the Western hemisphere before following his brother to Indonesia earlier this year.
- The mother, Ratu, has now given birth twice, raising the population of Indonesia's Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary to seven.


Millions of fish die suddenly in Indonesia’s giant Lake Toba [05/11/2016]
- Government researchers are analyzing samples from the lake and should have a prognosis soon.
- Hundreds of local volunteers have set about clearing the water of fish carcasses, which they fear will harm the ecosystem if left to fester for long.
- The die-off means huge losses for local farmers.


Malaysian palm oil giant IOI sues RSPO over suspension [05/09/2016]
- The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil suspended IOI Group's sustainability certification in March. Now the company has filed a lawsuit against the association in Zurich, the seat of the RSPO.
- The company characterized the move as a "painful" decision given its "great commitment and attachment" to the RSPO, but maintained that it had been "unfairly affected" by the suspension.
- A leaked memo written by the RSPO's secretary general reveals the company told him it "has done no wrong" and "prefers if this legal action is kept low profile."


How to use the Bloomberg Terminal for advocacy work: the basics [05/06/2016]
- The Bloomberg Terminal offers users real-time access to global news, financial data, and analytics tools.
- Historically, only for-profit financial organizations have used the Bloomberg Terminal, but the advocacy community could be leveraging its vast resources to enact change.
- Part 1 of a three-part series on using the Bloomberg Terminal in advocacy work explains the basics.


Malaysian palm oil companies say their concession maps are state secrets [05/06/2016]
- In the name of transparency, the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil agreed in 2013 to release the concession maps of its grower members.
- Companies in Indonesia and Malaysia, the largest palm oil-producing countries, have resisted the dictum for various reasons, and the maps remain unpublished.
- NGOs want the maps so they can better monitor companies' operations, which are often linked to deforestation, social conflict and wildfires in tropical countries.


Big animals have big impacts on tropical forest carbon storage [05/05/2016]
- In African, American and South Asian tropical forests, which are dominated by tree species that depend on animals to disperse their seeds, the loss of large wildlife can lead to a marked reduction in the forests’ carbon storage potential, the study found
- In contrast, the team found that in Southeast Asian and Australian tropical forests, which are dominated by wind-dispersed tree species, declines in large wildlife does not reduce the amount of carbon stored by the forests significantly, even increasing carbon-storage in some places.
- The difference in carbon storage, the team found, is driven by the species that replace the large-seeded, animal-dispersed species when they are removed from the forests.


Indigenous and forest community leaders tour the EU to call for conflict-free palm oil [05/04/2016]
- The delegation revealed new evidence of the involvement of European institutions in financing palm oil grown on illegally deforested lands and highlighted accounts of human and environmental rights violations compiled by the Forest Peoples Programme (FPP) and the Environmental Investigation Agency, both UK-based NGOs.
- Palm oil is used in thousands of products, from peanut butter and ice cream to household cleaning products, toothpaste, and shampoo. It is also one of the leading drivers of illegal tropical deforestation and social conflict.
- A disproportionate amount of so-called “conflict palm oil” is destined for the European Union, research has shown.


How effective will Indonesia’s palm oil permit freeze really be? [05/04/2016]
- Last month, Indonesian president Joko Widodo took a major step toward preventing a repeat of 2015's fire and haze crisis when he declared a moratorium on new oil palm and mining permits.
- It appears, though, that the licensing freeze will not be passed into law, prompting concerns over the penalties that can be applied to violators.
- A recent Greenpeace study has found 1,404 oil palm concessions the NGO says need to be reviewed because they contravene the the 2011 forestry moratorium brought in under similar terms by Widodo's predecessor.


How big donors and corporations shape conservation goals [05/03/2016]
- In Part 2 of Conservation, Divided, veteran Mongabay reporter Jeremy Hance explores how major donors at foundations, governments, and corporations are pushing conservation groups to adopt a human-centric approach known as “new conservation” that some critics say leaves wildlife and wild lands out in the cold.
- Meanwhile, cozy relationships with environmentally destructive corporations have prompted long-running arguments that some of the world’s biggest conservation groups have lost sight of their environmental missions. Yet big conservation and corporations are closer than ever.
- Conservation, Divided is an in-depth four-part series investigating how the field of conservation has changed over the last 30 years — and the challenges it faces moving into an uncertain future. Hance completed the series over the course of eight months. Stories are running weekly between April 26 and May 17.


7 conservationists win the ‘Green Oscars’ [04/28/2016]
- This year’s Whitley Awards have been given to seven conservationists chosen from a pool of over 120 applicants from 53 countries for their “innovative conservation projects”.
- At an awards ceremony held last evening at the Royal Geographic Society in London, the seven winning conservationists received £35,000 (~$50,700) in project funding.
- Hotlin Ompusunggu from Borneo won the 2016 Whitley Gold Award that is given to an outstanding past recipient of a Whitley Award who has gone on to make a significant contribution to conservation.


A decade in the making: EU, Indonesia to start licensing scheme for legal timber shipments [04/28/2016]
- The EU said Indonesia had "met the final major requirement" of their trade deal under Europe's anti-illegal-logging action plan.
- Indonesia is one of 15 countries to sign an agreement with the EU under the plan, and it would be the first to license exports under it.
- Both legal and illegal forms of logging have devastated Indonesia's vast rainforests and biodiversity.


Recent plantation expansions on peatlands came with huge carbon costs [04/27/2016]
- Draining peatland for tree plantations is considered one of the main drivers of Indonesia's 2015 fire and haze crisis.
- Even if they aren't burned, drained peatlands release huge quantities of CO2.
- New research and analysis finds oil palm and wood fiber plantations have continued to expand into peatlands in recent years, with consequential carbon emissions equating to more than 6,000 gallons of gasoline burned for every hectare of peatland drained.


Indonesia’s indigenous wage two-pronged battle for legal recognition [04/27/2016]
- The Indonesian ethnosphere is one of the planet's most diverse, with hundreds of distinct indigenous groups and languages spoken across the archipelagic country.
- The constitution recognizes the rights of indigenous peoples, but in seven decades of independence no law has been passed to operationalize them.
- In the wake of a landmark ruling by Indonesia's highest court, indigenous groups are turning to local governments for recognition, even as they campaign for the passage of a national law.


Has big conservation gone astray? [04/26/2016]
- In Part 1 of Conservation, Divided, veteran Mongabay reporter Jeremy Hance explores how the world’s biggest conservation groups have embraced a human-centric approach known as “new conservation” that has split the field over how best to save life on Earth.
- Neither side of the debate disagrees that conservation today is failing to adequately halt mass extinction. But how to proceed is where talks break down, especially when it comes to the importance of protected areas and the efficacy of the biggest, most recognizable groups.
- Conservation, Divided is an in-depth four-part series investigating how the field of conservation has changed over the last 30 years — and the challenges it faces moving into an uncertain future. Hance completed the series over the course of eight months. Stories will run weekly through May 17.


Haze returns to Kuala Lumpur – but not because of Indonesian fires [04/26/2016]
- Malaysians are experiencing a damaging heatwave and drought.
- Indonesia's Sumatra saw a spike in hotspots last week, but the number has dropped in recent days.
- Singapore issued notices to six more companies under its Transboundary Haze Law.


Grim forecast for paper giant’s wood supply raises deforestation fears [04/22/2016]
- Asia Pulp & Paper spent decades eating through Indonesia’s vast rainforests. Then in 2013, it promised to stop logging natural forests and rely on plantation timber exclusively.
- The company’s huge new mill in Sumatra, though, will require vast quantities of wood when it starts operating this year.
- A new NGO report suggests the company will have to resume deforestation or risk shattering financial losses. APP has dismissed those concerns, promising to import wood chips if needed.


Do we really want to save the Sumatran rhinoceros? (commentary) [04/21/2016]
- The Sumatran rhino is on the verge of extinction.
- Nardelli says that despite the recent death of a Sumatran rhino after capture in Indonesian Borneo, past efforts have demonstrated that safe capture is possible.
- Nardelli argues that captive breeding efforts are critical to save the species from extinction.
- The opinions expressed in this commentary are the author's own.


NGOs and oil-palm growers team up to help orangutans, but progress is slow [04/21/2016]
- Rescuing orangutans from plantations and moving them to protected lands has long been the conservation approach in response to rapid deforestation and plantation development in Borneo.
- Increasingly, conservationists insist that commercial interests should share the burden of conserving orangutans by creating “high conservation value” forest enclaves on their properties.
- Industry, through the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, is starting to make progress on this issue. But some NGOs, grown impatient, have started working directly with companies to protect orangutans on oil-palm plantations in Borneo.
- Even there, however, progress remains slow.


Palm oil, mining moratorium declared in Indonesia’s Leuser Ecosystem [04/20/2016]
- Top officials in Indonesia have reportedly declared a moratorium on new oil palm and mining concessions in the Leuser Ecosystem.
- Indonesia's Minister of the Environment and Forestry Siti Nurbaya, Aceh Province governor Zaini Abdullah, and Wali Nanggroe Aceh Malik Mahmud Al Haytar reached an agreement late Tuesday night.
- The moratorium includes a review of existing oil palm and mining concessions in the Leuser Ecosystem as well as a ban on land-clearing until the review is complete.


Another tiger perishes at Indonesia’s ‘Death Zoo’ [04/20/2016]
- Allegations of mistreatment and corruption have plagued the Surabaya Zoo. A cascade of animals have perished at the facility.
- Some are calling for the zoo to be closed. An online petition to that effect has more than 800,000 signatures.
- Others believe it should stay open, with improved management.


One ape, two ape: why counting apes is so difficult — but crucial [04/19/2016]
- When scientists suddenly bumped Sumatran orangutan counts from 6,600 to over 14,000 animals the media celebrated, but researchers didn’t. Their improved survey methods had allowed them to find many more animals, but also many more threats.
- Likewise, when Silvery gibbons numbers were adjusted up from as few as 387, to as many as 4,500 individuals; the sudden upsurge came not as the result of a gibbon population explosion, but because historical counts had missed many of the animals.
- Having an accurate record of past and current great and lesser ape counts, and knowing what threats and factors drove those numbers up or down, turns out to be absolutely critical to good conservation planning.
- That’s why scientists are compiling vast sophisticated databases, like the A.P.E.S. database, which can overlay and crunch all the known ape population data along with threats ranging from deforestation to poaching.


Half of Sumatra’s forests within reach of the average bird trapper [04/18/2016]
- Conservationists generally believe Indonesia's booming pet trade is driving the decline of wild bird populations, but few studies have explored its impact.
- The results of a new study bolster the case that the pet trade is driving down wild bird populations.
- The researchers looked at North Sumatra and South Sumatra.


Jokowi bans new oil palm and mining concessions [04/16/2016]
- On Thursday, President Jokowi announced a freeze on new permits for oil palm cultivation and mining.
- Responses to the announcement were generally positive, although the major industry association for Indonesian palm oil wouldn't comment on it specifically.
- Rapid oil palm expansion is eating away at the archipelago's rainforests, contributing to the annual fires and haze problem.


Another pulp and paper supplier suspended for role in Indonesian haze crisis [04/15/2016]
- After last year's devastating fires, the Indonesian government is cracking down on companies thought to have played a role in causing them.
- Many of the fires occurred on land belonging to pulp and paper giant APRIL.
- The recent suspension of PT Rimba Lazuardi follows a similar action against PT Sumatra Riang Lestari, another APRIL supplier.


Making sense of a rare rhino’s death in Indonesian Borneo (commentary) [04/14/2016]
- Fewer than 100 Sumatran rhinos are thought to remain in the wild. The Bornean subspecies is even more imperiled.
- Last week, the first Bornean rhino to make contact with humans in 40 years died from a snare wound, despite conservationists' attempts to save her.
- Some, like the author, wonder if the rescue effort might have been better managed.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the author.


Tripa’s Trials: protecting key orangutan habitat through the courts [04/13/2016]
- Many developing countries, such as Indonesia, have fairly good environmental laws against deforestation and protecting threatened species, such as orangutans. However, environmental crimes are often not prosecuted.
- From 2007 on, Indonesia’s Tripa peat swamp forest was actively cleared by oil palm companies in direct violation of federal environmental laws. But lawsuits by international and local activists aim to put a stop to it.
- Though several companies were found guilty in the courts, fined and ordered to restore portions of Tripa’s forests, the Aceh provincial government has created a new land use plan that ignores federal deforestation protections.
- Conservation NGOs, emboldened by the successes of the Tripa lawsuits against corporations, may soon be forced to press new legal actions, this time against Aceh’s provincial government to modify its harmful land use plan.


Malaysian palm oil giant loses 7 more customers over RSPO suspension [04/11/2016]
- IOI Group was suspended recently from the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil over allegations of deforestation, peatland conversion and rights abuses in its supply chain.
- As a result, IOI's customers are beginning to look elsewhere for palm oil, which is used in everything from snack food to soap and cosmetics.
- Greenpeace wants IOI to "introduce an immediate moratorium on all plantation development across its supply chain."


Companies asked to pitch in to Indonesia’s peat restoration drive as early fires flare in Sumatra [04/08/2016]
- Twenty-two hotspots were spotted in Riau province on Thursday, with rain expected to quell them in mid-April.
- Central Kalimantan province, the worst-hit of last year's fire and haze crisis, continues to suffer an urgent shortage of doctors, a local politician said.
- A prominent NGO official called on Jakarta to establish a dedicated agency to see through the all-important One Map initiative.


Could a rare rhino’s tragic death in Borneo have been prevented? [04/08/2016]
- On Tuesday, the first Sumatran rhino to make contact with environmentalists in Kalimantan in 40 years died from a severe infection, making headlines across the world.
- A team of experts had tried for months to save her, but some conservationists are questioning whether the effort was mismanaged.
- Those involved in the rescue effort defend their response, arguing that the rhino was too ill to travel.


DiCaprio endorses petition to save Sumatra’s last great rainforest [04/07/2016]
- The petition asks Indonesia's president to cancel a controversial spatial plan that would open the Leuser Ecosystem to industrial incursions.
- Leonardo DiCaprio's philanthropic foundation recently gave NGOs $3.2 million to protect Leuser.
- Leuser's pristine forests are only place on earth where rhinos, tigers, elephants and orangutans coexist in the wild.


Only 250 rare Bawean warty pigs remain on Indonesian Island [04/07/2016]
- Bawean warty pigs (Sus blouchi) are found only on the island of Bawean in the Java sea, Indonesia.
- Camera trap data revealed that the island is home to a population of 172 to 377 Bawean warty pigs.
- Given such a small population, the authors conclude that the Bawean warty pig should be listed as Endangered under the IUCN Red List.


Fiery end for the last of the toothfish pirates [04/06/2016]
- Toothfish, often sold as “Chilean sea bass” have long been targeted by poachers in the remote and hostile Southern Ocean.
- Poaching has not only harmed toothfish stocks, but rendered the study and sustainable management of them all but impossible.
- The conservation group Sea Shepherd launched a campaign in late 2014 to disrupt illegal toothfish fishing. With the scuttling of the Viking, six of the worst offenders have either been destroyed or apprehended.


One of the last Bornean rhinos dies in Kalimantan [04/06/2016]
- Fewer than 100 Sumatran rhinos (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) are believed to exist in the wild.
- Until 2013, the species was thought to have been extinct in Indonesian Borneo, but scientists have since confirmed the existence of 15 of the critically endangered creatures.
- On Tuesday, though, one of the newly discovered rhinos passed away despite veterinarians' efforts to save her.


New study finds insufficient degraded land for further strong oil palm expansion in Kalimantan [04/05/2016]
- Major palm oil companies say they can increase production without destroying more forests, in part by expanding into degraded lands only.
- A new study, though, finds that may be easier said than done in Kalimantan, which lies at the center of the industry's boom in Indonesia.
- If palm oil demand keeps growing at a high rate, degraded land alone won't be able to accommodate the expansion that will be necessary to satisfy it, the researchers found.


Unilever, Kellogg, Mars drop palm oil giant IOI over RSPO suspension [04/05/2016]
- Malaysia's IOI was suspended from the RSPO over violations of the roundtable's sustainability standards in Borneo.
- Since then, IOI's customers have moved to cancel contracts with the conglomerate, to date one of the major suppliers of RSPO-brand "Certified Sustainable Palm Oil."
- IOI has submitted an action plan for RSPO reinstatement.


DiCaprio won’t be deported over palm oil comments: Indonesian minister [04/04/2016]
- Indonesian officials have called for DiCaprio to be barred from the country over his criticism of deforestation caused by the palm oil industry.
- Forestry minister Siti Nurbaya, however, said on Saturday that she thought DiCaprio had "acted in good faith" and did nothing wrong.
- The story has gone viral, drawing more attention to the controversy surrounding the government's development plans for the Leuser Ecosystem.


DiCaprio accused of running ‘black campaign’ against Indonesian palm oil [04/01/2016]
- Leonardo DiCaprio visited the Leuser Ecosystem in northwest Sumatra last weekend, and posted on Instagram about the need to protect it from oil palm expansion.
- Some Indonesian officials threatened to deport him when they found out, but DiCaprio has already left the country.
- Conservationists are often accused of fomenting "black campaigns" in Indonesia.


Major legal system breakdowns threaten great apes of Africa, Asia [03/31/2016]
- A comparison of the legal systems in Asian and African developing nations finds similar regulatory defects putting great apes greatly at risk in the face of rapid agribusiness development.
- Gabon, Liberia, Indonesia and Myanmar, for example, have all created conserved areas — protections deeply flawed by a lack of institutional capacity, inadequate funding, and poor enforcement.
- These nations, like other developing countries, suffer from a top-down concentration of political and legal power with centralized urban elites far from the backcountry where environmental and societal harm unfolds.
- The conservation laws of developing nations do not well address the leading cause of great ape decline: an explosion in habitat loss — the chief result of industrial agricultural expansion.


Leuser’s Legacy: how rescued orangutans help assure species survival [03/30/2016]
- Agribusiness is rapidly razing the prime forest habitat of Sumatra’s 14,600 remaining orangutans; replacing it with vast stretches of oil palm plantation. The species’ population is predicted to plummet unless a way is found to protect their habitat.
- SOCP, the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program, is working to rescue orangutans left without their forest homes by new oil palm plantations; relocating the animals to intact forests not included in proposed concessions.
- This story moves beyond the statistics of wildlife conservation and follows the lives of a single family of orangutans: blind parents Leuser and Gober, and their offspring Ganteng and Ginting — animals left homeless then rescued.


Orangutan refugees: weighing when to rescue the apes [03/30/2016]
- Orangutans in Indonesia and Malaysia are increasingly threatened by agriculture, logging, fire, and conflict with people living nearby.
- Some conservation groups have been moving orangutans out of stressed forest patches and into protected areas since at least the year 2000.
- Critics of the practice worry that with little protected primary habitat remaining, translocation of orangutans to these areas may cause overcrowding, stressing ecosystems and provoking violence among the apes.
- Instead, they advocate a renewed effort to protect intact forests and restore degraded forests as homes for displaced orangutans.


Breakthrough: Indonesia’s highest court orders release of mining data [03/30/2016]
- The ruling is the result of a freedom of information request filed by NGOs in 2014.
- It pertains to Kutai Kartanegara, a district in East Kalimantan province on the island of Borneo.
- It could set a precedent for other freedom of information requests in the natural resources sector, whose opacity has come under increasing assault by civil society.


Leonardo DiCaprio poses with elephants in Indonesia’s embattled Leuser rainforest [03/29/2016]
- The actor visited Leuser with Adrian Brody and Fisher Stevens.
- DiCaprio is known for his climate change and indigenous peoples advocacy.
- A photo of elephants he posted on Instagram received hundreds of thousands of likes.


Indonesia: keep cracking down on illegal fishing, but don’t forget about conservation [03/29/2016]
- Last year saw Indonesia launch a high-profile war on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, and the sector has dramatically improved.
- The U.S. government and Indonesia have committed to protecting the archipelago's marine resources and improving the sustainability of its fishing industry.
- But establishing marine protected areas is only half the story – surveys suggest that many of Indonesia’s marine parks are lacking the robust management and enforcement that they need.


Malaysian palm oil giant IOI suspended from RSPO [03/25/2016]
- IOI Group's membership was frozen on Friday over three of its operations in Indonesia's West Kalimantan province.
- Some say the move could affect the company's bottom line.
- IOI has generally denied the allegations against it, which include operating without the required permits, using fire to clear land, clearing rainforest and deep peat, and more.


Baby orangutan poachers get 2.5 years in Sumatra [03/25/2016]
- Three baby Sumatran orangutans, a critically endangered species, were recovered from poachers last November.
- The poachers' sentences were stronger than normal, but conservationists are still pushing for harsher sentencing overall.
- To achieve that, they want the House of Representatives to revise the 1990 Conservation Law this year.


Tiger skins, bones recovered from poachers in Aceh [03/24/2016]
- Only a few hundred Sumatran tigers still exist.
- One of the men who was caught last week was arrested for the same crime in 2014, but he only served a year in prison.
- The government has promised to revise the 1990 Conservation Law this year to allow for harsher sentencing.


France imposes new palm oil tax; Indonesia, Malaysia protest [03/24/2016]
- The tax is part of France's new biodiversity bill. It was imposed on environmental grounds.
- The Indonesian and Malaysian governements, and industry associations in both countries, protest the tax.
- The tax will eventually reach 90 euros per ton in 2020.


Indonesia’s oil palm maps remain hidden from public view. Why? [03/23/2016]
- In 2013, the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil promised to publish its growers' concession maps.
- That hasn't happened, but the RSPO has pledged to make good on its commitment this year.
- Not everyone is on board with the initiative, however, and some doubt it will come to fruition. The public's ability to monitor the industry hangs in the balance.


What’s being done to secure justice for SE Asia’s seafood slaves? [03/23/2016]
- Hundreds of Southeast Asian mainlanders who were trafficked onto Thai-run fishing boats in Indonesia have been rescued and repatriated in recent months.
- Al Jazeera tracked down four ex-slaves to their homes in Myanmar. None had received the compensation they were promised when they agreed to return to the country.
- “If we don’t get our money, I will have to accept it,” one of the men said. “I can’t do anything.”


Indonesia hustles to preempt new round of haze-causing fires [03/18/2016]
- The new peatlands restoration agency is looking at an early-warning system that can assess peatlands' vulnerability to combustion.
- Authorities in Aceh are still struggling to extinguish fires that started last week due to the prolonged dry weather.
- In Riau, activists handed the governor a lawsuit over last year's fires.


Released: 1,000-page encyclopedia on land conflicts affecting indigenous tribes [03/17/2016]
- Indonesia's human rights commission published on Wednesday the results of its national inquiry into land conflicts affecting indigenous peoples.
- As part of inquiry, the commission held eight hearings across the country at which dozens of indigenous communities were invited to testify.
- Now, the commission wants the government to recognize indigenous peoples' rights, set up a task force to address their plight, and more.


New life for Indonesia’s long-delayed indigenous rights bill? [03/17/2016]
- Indonesia's constitution recognizes its indigenous peoples, but no law on their rights has ever been passed.
- Indigenous advocates campaigned for President Jokowi in 2014 in part because they thought he would change that, but progress has been slow.
- Now, the Jokowi administration is moving to resurrect a draft bill on indigenous rights that was recently shelved by lawmakers.


Emergency declared as fires reappear in Sumatra [03/15/2016]
- A state of emergency has been declared in six areas of Riau province where fires are flaring.
- The fires are nowhere near as bad as they were last year, but the emergency status will activate additional resources for fighting them.
- Smoke from the fires has not drifted into Singapore or Malaysia because the winds are blowing in the other direction.


These little-known, colorful birds are latest victims of Indonesia’s caged-bird trade [03/14/2016]
- In Indonesia, pittas are protected by law.
- Yet, pitta trade in Indonesia’s markets is widespread, study has found, suggesting that the law is not enforced.
- Between 2014 and 2015, researchers found 81 pittas belonging to four species being sold openly in Indonesia’s caged-bird markets.


15 Bornean rhinos discovered in Kalimantan? [03/14/2016]
- For decades, the Sumatran rhino was thought to be extinct in Indonesian Borneo, or Kalimantan.
- Then in 2013, scientists there found traces of the critically endangered species.
- Now, the Indonesian government has pledged to convert the area, a former mining site, into a rhino sanctuary.


End of the line for foreign-made fishing boats in Indonesia? [03/14/2016]
- Foreign companies have allegedly used shell companies to skirt Indonesia's laws on foreign fishing.
- Fisheries minister Susi Pudjiastuti is now cracking down on such practices.
- Last year, Pudjiastuti audited 1,132 foreign-made boats, and she believes all of them are fraudulent.


Despite population revision, Sumatran orangutans still ‘on the road to extinction’ [03/11/2016]
- Despite new research that doubled the estimated number of orangutan living in Sumatra's rainforests, the great red ape is still "on the road to extinction", say the authors of the study.
- In a statement published this week, the authors warn that the Sumatran orangutan faces extreme threats from habitat destruction and hunting.
- The raised population estimate does not mean orangutans are any less endangered than previously thought.


Rogue cop-turned-logger recaptured in Papua after latest prison break [03/09/2016]
- Corrupt cop Labora Sitorus was convicted of illegal logging and money laundering in 2014. More than $100 million had passed through his bank accounts.
- Last week, Sitorus escaped from prison. It wasn't the first time he had slipped away.
- On Monday he turned himself in and is now in solitary confinement in Jakarta.


Hunt for rare fragrance is pushing one of world’s most expensive trees towards extinction: Al Jazeera documentary [03/09/2016]
- Fueled by rising demand for oud, agarwood-producing trees are becoming incredibly rare and threatened in the wild.
- High quality agarwood can cost more than $30,000 per kilogram (~2.2 pounds), almost as much as gold.
- "There are even now people getting killed in the hunt for Oud,” journalist Ali Mohamed al Woosain says in the documentary.


Convicted Indonesian police officer and illegal logger on the run once again [03/07/2016]
- In September 2014, Labora Sitorus was ordered to serve 15 years in prison for illegal logging and money laundering.
- He was given permission to leave prison in March 2014 to seek medical attention, then simply never returned.
- He was re-apprehended in February 2015, but allowed to leave the prison for medical treatment again and had disappeared when police arrived at his home for an arranged transfer to a prison in Jakarta on March 4.


$1m for devising best way to map Indonesia’s peatlands [03/05/2016]
- Bad maps have undermined Indonesia's development for a long time.
- For one, they have made it tough to fight the annual forest and peatland fires.
- Now, the government wants to establish a national standard for mapping the country's peat. It will do so through a competition, the Indonesian Peat Prize.


Study doubles the number of endangered Sumatran orangutans believed to exist [03/04/2016]
- An international team of researchers estimates the total number of Sumatran orangutan to be close to 14,600 – over twice as many as the previously accepted count of 6,600.
- The group used a series of nest decay surveys to estimate densities across the Indonesian island.
- They found individuals in new areas once thought devoid of orangutans, consistently encountered them at higher elevations, and found populations in degraded forests not included in earlier studies.


Indonesia’s war on maritime slavery continues [03/03/2016]
- More than 1,300 trafficking victims have been repatriated from slave ships in eastern Indonesia since March 2015.
- Only 24 are still waiting in Ambon Port, a focal point of the effort, to go home, though other slaves are probably still out there.
- Going forward, the fisheries ministry is planning new measures to combat illegal fishing, including a new human rights certification scheme.


Want to keep tabs on that new logging road in Peru? Well, now you can [03/03/2016]
- The new GLAD alert system offers a big improvement over previous systems that needed a year to broadcast their data.
- Its early numbers for 2016 indicate deforestation in some areas may be happening a lot faster than last year.
- Analysts say this data could help governments, NGOs, and communities better monitor their forests, as well as more quickly and effectively address deforestation.


Indonesia’s antigraft agency strives to rein in the mining sector [02/27/2016]
- Indonesia's anticorruption agency has become involved in a number of initiatives to improve governance of natural resources in the archipelago.
- One such effort, focused on the mining sector, involves 12 provinces and has resulted in the cancellation of hundreds of permits.
- This initiative, known as Korsup Minerba, recently produced an assessment of the provinces' progress in reining in the miners under their watch.


New tool seeks end to Indonesian paper giants’ secret links [02/26/2016]
- The Sinar Mas and Royal Golden Eagle conglomerates are connected with dozens of companies in Indonesia's pulp and paper sector.
- The Environmental Paper Network has created a database that aspires to list these connections, many of which are hidden from public view.
- Sinar Mas' most prominent holding in the sector is Asia Pulp & Paper, while RGE's is APRIL.


Massive profiteering uncovered in Indonesian fertilizer distribution [02/25/2016]
- A yet-to-be published government report describes corrupt practices among state-backed retailers entrusted with selling subsidized fertilizers to small farmers.
- The retailers are also said to be colluding to sell the fertilizers at higher prices.
- The allegations were reported by Reuters, which claims to have seen parts of the government's report.


Indonesia’s peat peninsula being drained into oblivion, study finds [02/24/2016]
- The practices of agribusiness are causing the Kampar Peninsula to sink below flooding levels, according to a new report by the consultancy Deltares.
- 43.4% of the peatlands on the carbon-rich peninsula have been drained and converted to acacia plantations, mainly by APRIL, and also by Asia Pulp & Paper.
- APRIL disputes the notion that its practices aren't sustainable, arguing that it has worked hard to protect the remaining forest there.


Team of 6: the leadership of Indonesia’s peatlands restoration agency is now in place [02/23/2016]
- The new appointees are Hartono Prawiratmadja, Haris Gunawan, Alue Dohong, Myrna Safitri and Budi Wardhana.
- They will serve under Nazir Foead, the conservationist named head of the agency in January.
- Their goal: rewett 2 million hectares of dried peatlands, about the same area that burned in last year's devastating fires.


Oil palm plantations need to protect orangutans (commentary) [02/23/2016]
- All orangutans are Critically Endangered.
- The threats to orangutans are well known and easy to sum up. First, there is habitat loss, primarily because of plantation development for palm oil, rubber, pulp and paper and coconut, small-scale agriculture, and reckless and illegal burning of land. Secondly, it is outright killing.
- This post is a commentary -- the views expressed are those of the author.


It’s World Pangolin Day again. What can you do to help? [02/19/2016]
- Pangolins are the world’s most trafficked animal.
- Populations of all four species of Asian pangolins are either endangered or critically endangered, mainly due to the demand for their meat and scales.
- On February 20, the fifth annual World Pangolin Day, conservation groups are trying to raise awareness about these little-known burrowing mammals to help fight their illegal trade.


Indonesia could collaborate with RSPO, official study finds [02/19/2016]
- A new study reveals how the government's sustainable palm oil scheme, ISPO, might work with the industry-led Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil.
- The study, sanctioned by the government and the RSPO. identifies similarities and differences between the two certification schemes.
- The RSPO has higher environmental standards than ISPO, but ISPO is mandatory for all Indonesian growers.


Indonesian palm oil giant joins no-deforestation pledge amid criticism from politicians [02/18/2016]
- Astra Agro Lestari is the sixth company to join the Indonesia Palm Oil Pledge.
- The company was targeted by environmentalists before it promised to eliminate deforestation from its supply chain last year.
- Some Indonesian politicians continue to slam the zero-deforestation trend as an affront to the country's sovereignty and a danger to small farmers.


Jakarta governor proposes lighter environmental permitting [02/15/2016]
- Indonesian President Jokowi has endeavored to make it easier for companies to get permits, and Jakarta Governor Ahok is following his example.
- In January, the environment ministry rejected Ahok's proposal to ease up on environmental permitting requirements; now, Ahok is taking his proposal straight to Jokowi.
- Jakarta is not free of environmental problems, and some express concern about the governor's initiative.


77 inspiring rainforest pictures [02/14/2016]
- Mongabay was born out of my love for rainforests so for this Valentine's day,
- I'm doing something a little different: posting a bunch of my favorite rainforest photos from the past twenty years.
- There are no wildlife photos in this set -- the focus is solely on rainforests.


Focus on great apes, draws attention from other species, finds study [02/12/2016]
- Study found that in African and Asian countries with great apes, scientists tend to focus on few big national parks while ignoring many others.
- Researchers found that 71 percent of published studies focused on mammals, while 31 percent focused on great apes alone.
- Such bias could mean that knowledge of conservation today could become less applicable in the future, researchers say.


Aceh citizens ask governor to keep bulldozers out of a crucial rainforest [02/12/2016]
- Communities in North Aceh have been resisting plantation firm PT Mandum Payah Tamita for years.
- Locals are afraid the company's actions will spur flooding downstream of two important rivers.
- The firm's concession lies within the Leuser Ecosystem, one of Sumatra's last intact rainforests.


As the U.S. bans trans fats, palm oil is poised to take over – but at what cost? [02/11/2016]
- The impending ban by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration comes after the intake of trans fats was shown to cause increased risk of coronary heart disease.
- With palm oil touted as a good substitute to trans fats, the U.S. palm oil market is set to increase 20 percent per year.
- But conservationists worry that as demand increases, so will pressure on the world's tropical forests as plantations expand.


Cincinnati-born Harapan the rhino adjusting well to life in Sumatra [02/10/2016]
- The last Sumatran rhino at the Cincinnati Zoo has been relocated to Indonesia's Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary.
- Harapan's parents were sent overseas in the 1990s as part of a captive breeding program meant to rejuvenate the critically endangered species.
- With Sumatran rhinos on the brink of extinction, scientists hope Harapan will help produce a new generation of Indoensian rhinos.


Is this Malaysian palm oil firm still destroying forest in Borneo — and selling to Wilmar? [02/10/2016]
- A Greenomics report finds deforestation in the supply chain of Genting Plantations, a supplier of Wilmar International.
- Wilmar, the world's largest palm oil trader, has promised to eliminate deforestation from its supply chain.
- The allegations raise questions about the kind of monitoring Wilmar is doing to enforce its commitment.


How can banks spur the palm oil industry toward sustainability? [02/08/2016]
- Banks are starting to come up with ways to encourage sustainability in the palm oil sector, whose unbridled expansion is fueling deforestation and rights abuses across the world.
- Still, the nascent green finance industry faces a number of obstacles as it seeks to expand its influence.
- These include a lack of transparency with regard to company ownership, misguided valuations of palm oil enterprises, and more.


Norway pledges $50m to fund Indonesia’s peat restoration [02/05/2016]
- The pledge follows last year's fire and haze disaster, which burned 2 million hectares of land, mostly peat, in the archipelago.
- The money will support the newly created Peat Restoration Agency.
- The U.S. government also pledged $17 million for peatland restoration in Indonesia's Jambi province.


Fires burned 26% of forestry giant’s South Sumatra plantations in 2015 [02/04/2016]
- Peat fires burned 293,065 hectares of land within concessions managed by Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) suppliers during last year's haze crisis, finds a new analysis released by a coalition of Sumatra-based environmental groups.
- The findings, say the coalition, put APP's fiber supply for its new OKI Mill in question since the Indonesian government has indicated that it will prevent replanting of areas burned in 2015.
- For its part, APP has repeatedly stated that its zero deforestation policy applies to all current and future suppliers.


With haze threatening return, Indonesian forestry giant pushes peatlands restoration model [02/04/2016]
- APP took a direct hit last year when several of its suppliers were identified as having fire "hotspots" in their concessions.
- While APP steadfastly denied that its companies set the fires, it was nonetheless singled out in Singapore, resulting in some stores removing its products removed en masse from shelves and the government threatening multi-million dollar fines.
- APP's Aida Greenbury discusses the company's efforts to turn its business model away from deforestation toward better managing natural ecosystems.


How are NGOs innovating to reach palm oil financiers and companies? [02/04/2016]
- NGOs are increasingly engaging in dialogue with palm oil companies.
- To get through to financiers, some NGOs present their arguments in terms of material risk.
- However, some still some feel that there still exists a gap between activists and the finance world.


Do poor environmental practices affect palm oil firms’ bottom lines on a scale meaningful for investors and financiers? [02/02/2016]
- Big companies generally don't see environmental noncompliance as a major economic risk.
- That's because they tend to think about their business in the short term, rather than in the long term, where most environmental issues come into play.
- The material impacts of environmentally unsustainable practices can also be hard to quanify.


Jokowi asked to push indigenous rights through reluctant parliament [01/29/2016]
- The long-awaited indigenous rights bill has been left off the Indonesian parliament's 2016 agenda.
- Advocates were optimistic that President Jokowi would throw his weight behind the bill.
- Some say the bill could still make it onto this year's agenda.


What’s preventing palm oil investors from going green? [01/28/2016]
- Green investment could make the palm oil industry more sustainable, but a variety of obstacles are preventing it from becoming more prevalent.
- A lack of expertise, the structural issue of short-termism, and a lack of proven materiality all keep funds from flowing toward sustainable operations.
- Additional issues specific to palm oil exist as well.


Do palm oil financiers care about sustainability? [01/26/2016]
- Sustainable finance has been touted as a solution to the palm oil industry's links with forest destruction and rights abuses.
- The movement's progress, however, has been hampered by the difficulty of measuring the environmental impact of things like green loans and bonds.
- Mongabay spoke to experts in the field to investigate how much investors and financiers in the palm oil sector care about their clients’ sustainability.


Man selling monkey heads on eBay sentenced, supplier in Indonesia arrested [01/25/2016]
- Following information from the U.K. Border Force that George Bush of London was selling body parts of protected species imported from Indonesia on eBay, London Metropolitan Police arrested Bush in January 2014.
- On January 11, 2016, Bush was sentenced to 14 months in prison (suspended for two years).
- United Kingdom National Crime Agency (UKNCA) and Interpol alerted Indonesian police, who then arrested an illegal wildlife trader who had been supplying Bush with the wildlife parts.


Aceh citizens sue government to save Leuser Ecosystem [01/22/2016]
- Sumatra's priceless Leuser Ecosystem was exposed to industrial development by the government of Indonesia's Aceh province under a 2013 spatial plan.
- This week, nine Aceh citizens filed a class action lawsuit against the plan.
- The plaintiffs call the plan illegal, and they want Jakarta to follow up on its promise to revoke it.


Leonardo DiCaprio puts millions toward nature conservation [01/21/2016]
- Leonardo DiCaprio's philanthropic foundation has put another $15 million toward environmental causes.
- Speaking at the World Economic Forum's Crystal Award Ceremony in Davos, Switzerland, the actor announced new commitments to advance clean energy, the rights of indigenous people, and efforts to conserve oceans and forests.
- The Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation has given out more than $40 million since its inception in 1998.


Popular pet fish listed as “threatened” under Endangered Species Act [01/21/2016]
- The US National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) published a final rule Wednesday listing the Banggai cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) as “threatened” under the Endangered Species Act.
- The species is extremely popular among aquarium hobbyists, and scientists have raised concerns that overharvesting in its tiny native range in Indonesia’s Banggai Islands threatens its survival.
- Because the Banggai cardinalfish will be listed as “threatened” and not “endangered,” NMFS will place no immediate restrictions on its trade or possession, but may do so at some point in the future.


Indonesia’s ore-smelting ambitions augur rain of poison in Sulawesi [01/19/2016]
- Chinese companies are rushing to build smelters in Southeast Sulawesi, one of the world's most abundant sources of nickel.
- Mining in the Indonesian province has wreaked havoc on the environment and people's health, but the problems receded somewhat when Jakarta banned raw ore exports for companies without smelters in 2014.
- Now, dozens of smelters are in the pipeline, and it is unclear whether officials will be able to keep the reawakened industry in check.


India, China, Indonesia score lowest when it comes to tropical forest protection [01/19/2016]
- Study used high-resolution satellite data to analyze the extent of forest loss within 3,376 tropical and subtropical forest protected areas in 56 countries spread across four continents.
- Overall, tropical and subtropical reserves with steeper slopes and higher elevations protect forests better, study found. But when the effect of this topographic advantage is removed, protected areas still slow deforestation, although to a lesser extent, researchers found.
- Countries like Australia, South Africa, Mexico, Panama and Thailand have the best performing reserves, while Indonesia, China, Honduras, India, Papua New Guinea, Venezuela and the Philippines have the worst performing protected areas, study found.


Reproductive technology (and understanding of experimental psychology) needed to save a critically endangered rhino [01/15/2016]
- Poaching and habitat loss have decimated Sumatran and Javan rhino populations nearly to extinction, with the few remaining individuals now isolated and unable to breed.
- With traditional protection measures not improving the dire situation for Dicerorhinus sumatrensis, Payne urges as a “last resort” the use of sophisticated reproductive technology, including in-vitro fertilization of remaining females.
- This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author.


Are prosthetic reefs the answer to Indonesia’s coral die-off? [01/14/2016]
- Manmade "fish apartments" are springing up all over Indonesia in response to the shrinking acreage of natural reefs.
- The popular Biorock system for reef building was dreamed up in the 1990s by a German scientist who envisioned floating cities made of the electrically charged material.
- Marine biologists give Biorock mixed reviews as a conservation tool.


Indonesia appoints conservationist to save country’s declining peatlands [01/13/2016]
- Indonesian President Joko Widodo has appointed conservationist Nazir Foead to head up a newly-created peatland restoration agency.
- The establishment of the agency, announced Wednesday, is seen as a critical test of Indonesia's commitment to addressing the underlying causes of the country's peat and forest fires.
- Foead is a well-connected conservation biologist who was the Conservation Director of WWF Indonesia before heading up the Indonesia office for the Climate and Land Use Alliance, a coalition of philanthropic foundations.


APP to work with 500 villages to combat deforestation [01/13/2016]
- Forestry giant Asia Pulp & Paper to put $10 million toward agroforestry cooperation with villages in Sumatra and Kalimantan.
- One NGO worker is cautiously optimistic about the plan.
- APP has been criticized for its alleged role in last year's fire and haze disaster, which afflicted 500,000 Indonesians with respiratory problems.


Men who sold 8 Sumatran tigers arrested in Indonesia [01/13/2016]
- Police had been tracking the men's activities for years but needed more evidence to build a solid case.
- Finally they were able to catch the men trying to sell tiger parts in a sting operation.
- Only a few hundred Sumatran tigers remain in the wild.


Indonesia seeks re-do on court decision absolving company for haze-causing fire [01/12/2016]
- A district court in South Sumatra recently rejected the government's lawsuit against PT Bumi Mekar Hijau, an Asia Pulp & Paper supplier accused of causing peat fires.
- The government will appeal the ruling. Siti Nurbaya, the environment minister, plans to personally oversee the case as it moves forward.
- The case is important to the ministry, which hopes a victory against BMH will set the tone for its campaign to prosecute companies accused of burning.


Palm oil expands in Aceh [01/12/2016]
- Nagan Raya is the area of Aceh with the most oil palm.
- More than a quarter of Aceh Singkil regency has been planted with oil palm.
- East Aceh is another oil palm center.


Indonesia loses flagship case against company accused of burning [01/08/2016]
- A district court in South Sumatra threw out the Indonesian government's case against PT Bumi Mekar Hijau.
- The pulp and paper company had been asked to pay a record sum in fines and reparations for causing peat fires in its concession.
- The ruling is a bad omen for those who hoped the decision would herald a raft of guilty verdicts against plantation companies seen as prime movers behind the annual pollution crisis.


Jokowi’s plan to free captive birds earns unexpected backlash [01/05/2016]
- On Saturday, the Indonesian president released 190 birds into the wild in the name of preserving nature.
- Conservationists are glad to see the president show an interest in protecting wildlife, but they would have preferred he didn't buy the birds at the notorious Pramuka wildlife market.
- Such markets need to be shut down, say conservationists who express alarm at the country's dwindling songbird populations.


What’s ahead for rainforests in 2016? 10 things to watch [01/05/2016]
- Between Indonesia's massive forest fires, the official approval of REDD+ at climate talks in Paris, and the establishment of several major national parks, there was plenty to get excited about in the world of rainforests during 2015. What's in store for 2016?
- Here are a few things we'll be watching closely in the new year.
- What are other rainforest-related things to watch in 2016? Add your thoughts via the comment function below.


Komodo dragon: one of Indonesia’s rare conservation success stories [12/31/2015]
- Fear for the Komodo dragon's long-term survival led to the establishment of Komodo National Park in 1980.
- Decades of successful management in Komodo National Park secured a good portion of the species' small but stable population, along with the bulk of its current habitat. Today, 2,500 dragons – most of its wild population – live inside the park, with smaller numbers inhabiting a handful of surrounding islands.
- One lesson from the Komodo dragon may be that to save a top predator--and megafauna in general--one must do just a few things: protect a good portion of its habitat, safeguard its prey, and have buy-in from local people that live near it.


50+ companies being investigated or punished for Indonesia’s haze crisis [12/31/2015]
- More than 50 plantation companies are being punished or investigated by the Indonesian for fires linked to the choking haze that polluted skies across Southeast Asia this fall.
- A week ago Monday, Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya announced that 23 companies have been punished to date.
- Another 33 companies are being investigated.


The year in rainforests: 2015 [12/29/2015]
- Between the landmark climate agreement signed in Paris in December 2015, Indonesia's fire and haze crisis of the late summer and early fall, and continuing adoption of zero deforestation policies by some of the world's largest companies, tropical forests grabbed the spotlight more than usual in 2015.
- Here's a look at some of the biggest tropical forest-related developments from the past year.
- Trends in forest cover tend to lag broad economic trends, but there were indications that the global economic slowdown driven by declining growth in China may be starting to impact tropical forests.


How does the global commodity collapse impact forest conservation? [12/21/2015]
- Since early 2014, prices for most commodities produced in the tropics have plunged.
- The market rout is wreaking havoc on the state budgets of developing countries, curbing investment, and pushing producers to scale back on output and postpone plans for expansion.
- In isolation, these developments would seem to be good news for tropical forests. But the reality is more complex,


Aceh official takes chainsaw to illegal oil palm trees [12/17/2015]
- A district head in Indonesia has ordered a purge of illegal oil palm plantations in his jurisdiction.
- On Tuesday, Hamdan Sati, the head of Aceh Tamiang regency, felled one of the trees himself.
- Aceh Tamiang is located in Sumatra's Leuser Ecosystem, whose relatively pristine rainforests are starting to be eaten away by plantations.


Norway extends forest conservation initiative [12/14/2015]
- At the Paris climate convention on Friday, Norwegian Minister of Environment and Climate Tine Sundtoft said the country would extend its International Climate and Forest Initiative through 2030.
- Norway has already put 17 billion krone ($2.5 billion) into supporting forest conservation initiatives.
- Norway said most of its spending will be targeted "towards paying for verified emissions reductions, in line with relevant UNFCCC decisions". Norway already has performance-based agreements for reducing deforestation with Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, Guyana, Indonesia, Liberia, and Ethiopia.


Indigenous leaders at COP21: 20 percent of tropical forest carbon is sitting on Indigenous land [12/03/2015]
- Researchers found that the carbon contained in tropical forests on Indigenous lands is equivalent to more than three times the amount emitted globally in 2014.
- Indigenous leaders in Paris said their ability to protect the forests they call home is frequently limited by lack of legal and financial support — especially when they don’t have title to their lands.
- “We are calling on global negotiators to invest in a solution that exists already,” one of the Indigenous leaders in Paris said.


Palm oil expansion triggers ecological cascade, boosting pigs but hurting other species [12/01/2015]
- Matthew Luskin, a researcher at the University of Berkeley at California, has spent much of the last two years examining the indirect ecological impacts of palm oil expansion.
- His work is raising questions about the viability of fragments some palm oil companies are setting aside under their conservation commitments.
- Beyond his findings, his work has resulted in a stunning set of of wildlife photos and videos.


Jokowi to oversee Indonesia peat restoration agency but details thin on the ground [11/26/2015]
- Indonesia's forestry minister says a government agency to manage the archipelago's peat restoration plans will be overseen by the president.
- The Indonesian Palm Oil Association (Gapki) announced new policies at a palm oil conference in Bali on Thursday.
- A shipping trade publication in Singapore surveyed 250 people in the city state and found 18% of them would relocate if the haze “became an annual norm.”


Scientists turn up haze heat on Indonesia ahead of COP21 Paris talks [11/25/2015]
- Singapore’s deputy prime minister Teo Chee Hean met with the Indonesian president in Jakarta on Wednesday.
- An indigenous group in South Sumatra called on the local government to restrict development in the Musi River basin.
- Fires continue to burn in Merauke regency in Papua, the archipelago's easternmost province.


Riau emergency status to end as S. Sumatra pledges peat clampdown [11/24/2015]
- Indonesia's Riau province will drop its official state of emergency at the end of the month.
- The South Sumatra provincial government pledged to stop the granting of licenses on peat.
- Central Kalimantan's acting governor said the local government did not have adequate plans in place to mitigate the risks of fires.


Villagers thwart an eagle trafficker on a volcano in Java [11/24/2015]
- Residents of Melung village in Indonesia had to use force to intimidate a would-be eagle trafficker into giving up the bird.
- It isn't the first time residents have acted to protect biodiversity in their territory.
- The forests of Melung are home to a variety of endangered species, such as the Javan leopard and the silvery gibbon.


Haze compensation to poor stalls as Indonesia spends on new palm oil cartel [11/23/2015]
- Rain has reduced the number of hotspots in Kalimantan and Sumatra but fires continue to rage in Papua and West Papua provinces in Indonesia's east.
- Indonesia's finance ministry has yet to approve a budget for cash payments to low-income families affected by the haze.
- Indonesia and Malaysia agreed to form a palm oil producers council.


First-ever conviction for orangutan trafficking in Aceh [11/23/2015]
- A wildlife trafficker was sentenced to two years imprisonment for trying to sell three baby orangutans on Facebook.
- He was also caught with endangered bird species and a stuffed leopard.
- Some wanted a stronger sentence for the


Trouble in paradise: Wakatobi’s ‘sea gypsies’ adjust to life in a marine park [11/20/2015]
- National park authorities have to be on the lookout for a gamut of infractions, from mangrove poaching to harvesting coral rock and more.
- The Bajau 'sea gypsies' find themselves marginalized by a council system established to give locals a voice.
- Like nearly all of Indonesia's marine protected areas, Wakatobi has a large human population.


Fires smoulder and floods soak Sumatra as RSPO calls for palm oil reform [11/19/2015]
- Recent rain has brought a marked improvement to air pollution levels in most parts of the archipelago but localized spikes in wildfires continue to threaten air quality.
- The International Red Cross is implementing a three-month emergency response plan through January next year.
- An RSPO official calls on palm oil companies to make public all concession maps and plans for development on those concessions.


The impacts of haze on Southeast Asia’s wildlife [11/19/2015]
- Authorities and researchers are still shockingly ignorant of the ecological impacts of the smoke from Indonesia's annual fires.
- Some creatures are likely finding it harder to sing, which is often crucial for attracting mates, defending territory and more.
- An orangutan disease called airsacculitis might be more prevalent during the smoky season.


VP Kalla fans flames in Manila as Indonesia presses on with water bombing [11/18/2015]
- Kalla made the exact same comments blaming foreign companies during a forestry summit in Jakarta in April.
- Satellite data from Global Forest Watch show more than 20 fires burning close to the mouths of the Lumpur and Mesuji rivers.
- Indonesian government water bombing operations continue to target smoldering peat fires in South Sumatra province.


After the NGOs: can Wakatobi National Park survive on its own? [11/18/2015]
- The island paradise of Wakatobi is a trailblazer among Indonesia's 23 national marine parks.
- Park guards and local communities have been well-trained to protect the park, and they have the backing of the local regent.
- The scaling back of NGO seed funding for the park, however, raises questions about its well-being going forward.


Air pollution causes millions of preventable deaths in East Asia, say scientists [11/17/2015]
- Research suggests that exposure to air pollution kills more than 3 million people prematurely, especially in South and East Asia.
- Residential stoves and furnaces burning coal and biomass produce most of the pollutants in Asia.
- If “business-as-usual” emissions continue, deaths could double by 2050.


From fires to floods: Indonesia’s disaster agency prepares for rain [11/17/2015]
- Singapore’s health ministry said it would end a government subsidy scheme for people in need of treatment from haze-related illnesses.
- Environmental pressure groups and NGOs met in Jakarta on Monday to discuss the government's draft pledge to the UN climate summit.
- Researchers at King's College London have been awarded a six-month grant by the Natural Environment Research Council.


Aceh’s priceless Leuser Ecosystem still shrinking as oil palm spreads [11/17/2015]
- New RAN report identifies nine "conflict palm oil culprits" in Aceh Timur regency.
- The report also finds evidence of new clearance in the peat swamp regions of Sumatra's western coast, including in Tripa.
- RAN asks for more from the companies in terms of the independence and transparency of their grievance systems and traceability progress reports.


Greenwashing? RSPO audits rife with ‘mistakes and fraud,’ report finds [11/16/2015]
- A new report casts doubt on the credibility of the RSPO's network of auditors, a vital component of the organization's certification process.
- Some auditors crop up repeatedly in problematic cases.
- The study was conducted by London-based NGO the Environmental Investigation Agency and Malaysian NGO Grassroots.


Singapore calls end of haze this year as Indonesia continues to push peat plans [11/16/2015]
- The Indonesian government continues to work on enacting regulations to address the underlying causes of the annual fires.
- Vice president Jusuf Kalla said Indonesia would target 2-3 million hectares of peatland restoration by 2020.
- The government intends to form an agency for peatland restoration but has yet to decide on the specifics.


The Holy Trinity: how Wakatobi’s coral stays healthy and diverse [11/16/2015]
- The world-renowned diving destination of Wakatobi is one of Indonesia’s oldest and best-supported marine protected areas.
- Mangroves and seagrass along with coral form the pillars of an interdependent ecosystem known as the "holy trinity," but conservationists are struggling to protect them all.
- The end of NGO partnerships with the Wakatobi National Park administration raises questions about the long-term viability of the initiative.


First-of-its-kind mapping platform could help protect land held by Indigenous communities [11/13/2015]
- Beta version of the unique online platform, LandMark, was launched on November 10.
- LandMark makes global data on land held and used by communities and indigenous peoples accessible on a single platform.
- Platform aims to “make clear that community lands are not vacant, idle or available to outsiders,” according to statement.


Jokowi turning over a new leaf for Indonesia on haze but details still foggy [11/13/2015]
- The president has ordered the damming of canals used to drain peat.
- Jokowi has yet to pass a presidential decree, known in Indonesia as a perppu, codifying these changes in law.
- Indonesia shipped a record 2.61 million metric tons of palm oil in October, with the month’s shipment to China rising 36%.


Key forest countries’ climate pledges fall short on emissions from land use and deforestation [11/13/2015]
- A new analysis finds that Brazil, Indonesia and India have submitted plans that fall well short of the actions needed.
- The climate plan submitted to the UN by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the other hand, is held up as a model for taking action on land use changes, such as deforestation for agriculture, to achieve emissions reductions.
- Countries' climate plans will be revised after the December 2015 climate negotiations in Paris, and experts hope to see richer nations follow the examples of the DRC.


Community plants green shoots of hope in the land of the lost Javan tiger [11/11/2015]
- Communities near Meru Betiri National Park have embarked on a reforestation and forest rehabilitation initiative with NGO assistance.
- Economic incentives include the sale of produce grown in the area and carbon credits from protecting it.
- The community is looking at various carbon-dense trees to maximize the value of their contribution to the program.


Indonesia bans peatlands destruction [11/10/2015]
- Indonesian president Joko Widodo has banned clearance and conversion of carbon-dense peatlands across the archipelago.
- A series of presidential and ministerial instructions bars planting of newly burned areas, instead mandating restoration.
- Notably the instructions ban clearance of peatlands even in existing concession areas.


Many Indonesia fires smoulder but danger is far from over [11/10/2015]
- Visibility declined in South Sumatra despite recent rain.
- Indonesian military personnel have found evidence of illegal logging in South Sumatra province.
- The government of the Philippines has cautioned that haze could return amid typhoon season.


Indonesian NGO takes aim at government for failure to handle haze [11/09/2015]
- Indonesian police have named 265 suspects in connection with this year’s forest fires.
- A spokesperson for Indonesia’s environment and forestry ministry told the BBC on Monday that the government had been “desperately working” to tackle the situation.
- Kontras has also criticized the longstanding practice of identifying suspects by initials.


Indonesia losing billions from illegal logging [11/09/2015]
- A new report finds that unreported timber sales have dwarfed those reported by the central government.
- As a result of black market timber sales, Indonesia lost an estimated $6.5-8.9 billion in potential state revenue from taxes and levies.
- The investigation was conducted by Indonesia's antigraft agency at the behest of President Joko Widodo.


Land rights and access to credit in Sulawesi community brings prosperity to land [11/09/2015]
- Fourteen cooperatives in Indoneisa's Pinrang regency have petitioned the government for greater management rights to their land.
- One of the cooperatives secured 313 hectares under the community plantation forest, or HTR, scheme.
- White teak has become one of the Bulu Dewata cooperative's main crops.


Jokowi pushes universities to innovate to fight haze as respiratory diseases rise [11/06/2015]
- Indonesia’s ministry of higher education is attempting to create a research consortium on disaster management.
- Data from Indonesia’s disaster management agency showed the number of people diagnosed with acute respiratory infection increased to 556,945 by November 6.
- After a limited cabinet meeting on Wednesday to discuss peat management, Jokowi said he wanted the research department of Yogyakarta’s University of Gadjah Mada to play a central role in proposing Indonesia’s new peat strategy.


Not all escaped fishing slaves want to go home [11/06/2015]
- The Indonesian government is repatriating hundreds of Burmese fishing slaves now being housed at a care center in the eastern Indonesian port city of Ambon.
- Many of the trafficked men are eager to go home, and government-sanctioned negotiations over back pay with the companies are ongoing.
- Dozens of others, though, have already put down roots in Indonesia, and they aren't so eager to leave.


Photos confirm Indonesia being burned for palm oil [11/05/2015]
- New photos released today by Greenpeace show that palm oil developers are quickly planting burned peatlands with oil palm seedlings in Indonesian Borneo.
- The findings strongly refute a statement made by GAPKI, Indonesia's palm oil trade association, which claimed that the country's palm oil industry is the victim of a smear campaign.
- Greenpeace noted that there is no way to know who burned the land because the Indonesian government hasn't released concession maps for the area in years. That makes it impossible to hold those responsible to account.


APP pumps South Africa specialists to join haze fire fight [11/05/2015]
- Working on Fire's managing director for Asia-Pacific expressed confidence fires on APP supplier concessions could be extinguished soon.
- The South African program has hundreds of additional firefighters on standby.
- An NGO said it had seen more sightings of raptors over East Java after a slow October migration east.


Privatized gain, socialized pain; Singapore foreign minister turns up heat on haze [11/04/2015]
- Indonesia’s meteorology agency, the BMKG, forecast rain over large parts of Indonesia on Wednesday but data at 6 a.m. showed a spike in hotspots to 200.
- Indonesian media reported on Wednesday that a one-year-old girl had died in Palembang from respiratory disease.
- Singapore foreign minister Vivian Balakrishnan: “This is a classic example of privatizing the gain and socializing the pain.”


Indonesia breathes easier for now as haze recedes and rain falls [11/03/2015]
- Air quality in most parts of Indonesia was improved Tuesday with further rain forecast on Wednesday.
- Detectives in Central Kalimantan continued their investigation on Tuesday into a fire at the finance department of the provincial government.
- Plantation firm PT Bumi Mekar Hijau, a supplier of Asia Pulp & Paper, was due at a hearing on Tuesday to answer charges of culpability over fires on its concessions in Ogan Komering Ilir regency.


A Borneo village maps its land to protect against encroachers [11/03/2015]
- With assitance from NGOs, residents of Punan Adiu village in North Kalimantan have finished mapping their customary territory.
- At certain moments, the mapping campaign exposed latent conflicts between Punan Adiu and its neighbors, but residents were able to reach a compromise.
- Indigenous rights advocates hope the process can become a model for other communities.


Police investigate new hotspot at govt office in Palangkaraya as ‘important’ documents go up in smoke [11/02/2015]
- Air quality in all but one Indonesian provincial capital was below harmful levels on Monday morning.
- Police are investigating a fire at the finance department of the Central Kalimantan government that destroyed "important" documents.
- Military and volunteer first responders continue to battle fires in Java after four people died in East Java last week.


Greenpeace releases dramatic haze photos as Indonesian fire emissions surpass 1.6B tons [11/01/2015]
- Emissions from fires burning across Indonesia's peatlands and forests have now surpassed Japan's annual emissions and could pass Brazil's by the end of the week,
- But emissions have slowed in recent days with the return of rainfall to parts of Sumatra and Kalimantan which have been most affected by fire.
- Nonetheless, vast areas of Indonesia are still affected by choking air pollution, which is estimated to have caused more than 500,000 cases of haze-related respiratory illnesses and killed more than a dozen people.


Jokowi pledges Indonesia peatland ‘revitalization’ to stop the burning [10/30/2015]
- President Jokowi and minister Luhut Pandjaitan have made increasingly robust pledges over the last week.
- The governor of East Java told Mongabay he had instructed officials to get on top of fires burning in areas hit by drought.
- Jambi Mayor Syarif Fasha said all health centers would be open 24 hours a day and equipped with oxygen cylinders that can be used or 20 minutes free of charge.


Indonesian wildfire disaster threatens virgin forest in Borneo [10/29/2015]
- Jokowi arrived in South Sumatra on Thursday to monitor the humanitarian and firefighting operation.
- Environment ministers from the 10-country Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) grouping met in Vietnam on Thursday.
- In the U.S. a petition has been created calling on the Obama administration to send additional firefighting assets and relief workers.


Bali’s mountain dwellers govern with ancient palm leaf treatises [10/29/2015]
- Residents of Tenganan in the hills of eastern Bali produced forestry regulations that predate the 11th century. The village still adheres to them.
- The local Aga people are trying to negotiate a balance between maintaining the environment and accommodating foreign tourists.
- According to a local regulation on collective ownership, individuals within the village can neither draw up deeds for local land nor transfer parcels to people outside the community.


Raja Ampat fires destroy livelihoods; Sumatrans suffer from drought amid haze [10/28/2015]
- Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla called on all Muslims to pray for rain on Wednesday and to ask God for “forgiveness, guidance and mercy.”
- An aide to Kalla said companies could announce force majeur if the government declared a national disaster.
- Malaysia continues to push Indonesia to adopt tube wells in its peatlands in Kalimantan and Riau.


The indigenous community whose forest is their supermarket [10/28/2015]
- Local people have mapped their customary forest but still must deal with companies who are given permits to exploit their land.
- Residents derive a variety of benefits from the surrounding environment, including food, medicine and cultural inspiration.
- The central government has recognized local people with an "ecolabel" for their dedication to customary law and local wisdom.


Jokowi cuts U.S. trip short as Tuesday rain brings hope of haze respite [10/27/2015]
- Rain fell in some haze-hit regions on Tuesday, including in Banjarmasin, Berau, Jambi, Palangkaraya, Pontianak and Samarinda.
- The navy has allocated 11 vessels, including a floating hospital, to be on standby to evacuate people from areas experiencing dangerous air quality.
- One of Indonesia’s most-prominent NGOs is advocating an expansion of the archipelago’s community-forest program as an anti-haze measure.


PepsiCo’s palm oil pledge should not exempt Indofood, NGOs say [10/27/2015]
- PepsiCo has committed to purge its palm oil supply chain of deforestation, peatlands conversion and rights abuses, but the commitment does not apply to joint venture partners.
- One of PepsiCo's joint venture partners is Indofood, Indonesia's largest food company and one of the biggest plantation companies.
- NGOs like Rainforest Action Network are campaigning for the "loophole" to be plugged up.


Under-fire Jokowi prepares biggest shift yet in Indonesian haze [10/26/2015]
- Details are unclear on Jokowi's policy on a moratorium for Indonesia's peatlands.
- A draft commitment to ban drainage canals on peatlands will require adequate enforcement resources.
- Indonesia yet to hand Singapore information on companies it believes responsible for fires.


Indonesia hesitates on emergency status for haze; Islamic council sees ‘warning from God’ [10/23/2015]
- Local police arrested five men in semi-remote parts of Central Kalimantan on suspicion of using gasoline to start fires.
- The spokesman of Indonesia's disaster agency said he thought fires in Papua were started deliberately to clear land.
- The highest clerical body in Muslim-majority Indonesia called on adherents of the faith to pray and said the fires could be a warning from God.


Bird market photo yields an unknown monkey species in Indonesia [10/23/2015]
- Two photos taken in Jakarta's notorious bird market suggest that Indonesia's forests may be hiding a previously undocumented species of monkey.
- The photos spurred researcher Francesco Nardelli to embark on a five-year survey of zoos, museums, and the Internet to determine whether the primate was in fact new to science.
- Nardelli named new species Presbytis johnaspinalli in honor of John Aspinall, a conservationist who founded the Howletts and Port Lympne Wildlife Parks in the U.K. and the Aspinall Foundation.
- One primatologist reached by Mongabay cautioned that the primates used for the description could have been bleached by traders to increase their market value.


Indonesia’s massive haze problem is Jokowi’s big opportunity [10/22/2015]
- Indonesia's haze crisis presents an opportunity for Jokowi to assert leadership on climate change.
- The crisis is driving consensus for action to address the issues that unpin forest and peatland degradation in Indonesia.
- This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author alone.


Indonesia readies shelter ships as haze last resort after #EvacuateUs hits Twitter [10/22/2015]
- #EvakuasiKami, or EvacuateUs, is the latest haze-related to topic to trend on Indonesian Twitter amid the country's haze crisis.
- Pekanbaru has reopened shelters in the city in a desperate bid to provide some respite from the smoke.
- Local officials are specifically calling on parents to bring infants and young children to three 24-hour centers in Riau province..


An indigenous declaration in Kalimantan looks to make history [10/22/2015]
- Dayak Tombun people in Central Kalimantan want President Jokowi to officialize their rights to the land they spent years mapping with NGO assistance.
- Jokowi has already said he backs a stalled domestic law on indigenous rights and the creation of a specialized task force, but advocates want him to expedite these reforms.
- Villagers say mapping indigenous forests will result in greater protection of tree cover because it will leverage centuries of local knowledge.


Partnerships are key to The Wildlife Conservation Society’s new conservation strategy [10/21/2015]
- WCS has identified 15 of the world’s largest wilderness regions and laid out a new strategy for how to protect them from climate change and other human-induced environmental pressures.
- The group hopes to reverse the population declines of six priority species across their entire range.
- Forest conservation experts reacted positively to the new strategy, saying many of the priority regions are indeed in urgent need of additional protection.


Jokowi hints at company crackdown as Kalimantan residents prepare haze class action suit [10/21/2015]
- Residents in West Kalimantan have banded together to file a lawsuit against the government over pollution.
- Jokowi has said companies need to take "greater responsibility."
- An Indonesian resort plans to offer "more underwater activities" to manage the impact of annual pollution from fires and hotspots.


German man arrested in Jakarta with eight earless lizards [10/21/2015]
- The earless monitor lizard has been described as a "holy grail" for reptile collectors.
- The German man's arrest is not the first indicator of a German connection in the international trade in the species.
- Wildlife monitors say the notion that the lizards are being "captive bred" is a myth to slip them past national borders.


Advances from oil palm interests leave Sulawesi village unmoved [10/20/2015]
- The village of Rumbia has repeatedly turned down advances from oil palm companies who want to develop their land.
- Even officials from the local government have tried to convince Rumbia to try oil palm, but residents have remained steadfast.
- Instead, they grow timber species and harvest palm sugar. Last year, the village received an environmental prize from the president.


Kalimantan politicians wear facemasks inside parliament as Palangkaraya suffers in silence [10/20/2015]
- Indonesia's measure of pollution recorded air in Palangkarya at more than 10 times the level regarded as dangerous on Tuesday.
- Schools in the Central Kalimantan capital were closed again on Tuesday.
- Politicians in the provincial parliament sat in silence wearing face masks after smoke entered the building.


The maleo: a success story for Indonesia’s strange pit-digging bird [10/19/2015]
- Indonesia’s Sulawesi is home to the maleo, a bird with highly unusual reproductive behaviors, and threatened for decades with extinction.
- Loss of nesting sites and harvesting of the maleo’s huge, nutritious eggs has drastically reduced their numbers, which at last count came to just 4,000-7,000 breeding pairs.
- A unique partnership between conservationists, birders, local villagers and farmers — done for remarkably little money — has begun to reverse the maleo’s fortunes, with more than 10,000 chicks hatched and released over the last 15 years.


Papua fires send haze to Micronesia; Indonesia elections commission hints at environment debate [10/19/2015]
- The Guam Department for Homeland Security released a health warning after smog reached western Micronesia.
- Indonesia's elections commission is facing calls to increase the prominence of the environment in election debates and prepare more information on candidates' environmental credentials.
- Schools in Malaysia will remain closed on Tuesday while breathing air in Singapore remained in the "unhealthy" range Monday.


Punk rocker likes what he sees in Sumatra’s resin forest [10/19/2015]
- Residents of Pahmungan village in Lampung won a prestigious environmental prize for protecting their dipterocarp forest.
- They have gotten a publicity boost from Jemi Delvian, lead singer of Indonesian punk rock band Hutan Tropis.
- Creating a 'damar' grove is no small effort – it takes 23 years.


Indonesian healthcare in focus as haze worsens; NASA data show Papua ablaze [10/16/2015]
- Indonesian politician Fahira Idris called on health authorities to carry out additional diagnostic checks on infants.
- Data from a NASA satellite show hundreds of fires have burned in Papua over the last week.
- The minster in charge of Indonesia haze operation said the situation deteriorated Friday as air quality in Palangkaraya descended to dangerous levels.


In the shadow of a metropolis, a community revives Java’s lost forests [10/16/2015]
- The year following strongman General Suharto's fall was a period of intense deforestation for Mendiro village in East Java.
- Years later, locals formed an organization to reverse the damage.
- Ten thousand seedlings were planted. The villagers have since been awarded a prestigious conservation prize from the central government.


Carbon emissions from Indonesia’s peat fires exceed emissions from entire U.S. economy [10/15/2015]
- Greenhouse gas emissions from peat fires in Borneo and Sumatra are currently exceeding emissions from the entire U.S. economy, putting Indonesia on track to be one of the world's largest carbon polluters this year.
- According to the Global Fire Emissions Database (GFED) carbon emissions from Indonesia's fires have just topped the CO2 equivalent of a billion tons.
- The findings bring into sharp focus the importance of ending business-as-usual approaches to land management in Indonesia if the world hopes to curb greenhouse gas emissions.


Aircraft fight Sumatran fires as Indonesian minister looks to counter no-deforestation pledges [10/15/2015]
- Indonesia and Malaysia are finalizing details on establishing the Council of Palm Oil Producer Countries.
- The new intergovernmental association will look to counter the wave of no-deforestation commitments sweeping the industry as a result of NGO and consumer pressure, a senior minister said.
- A move to roll back zero-deforestation would be tricky for the major firms that have adopted the pledges.


The village where a curse protects the forest [10/15/2015]
- Local tradition in Mungku Baru has kept high-value ironwood trees from being felled over the years.
- Today, however, some of the trees lie in a timber company's concession.
- The villagers' beliefs have been codified into customary law.


Indonesia hints at possible peatland license review as haze firefight continues [10/14/2015]
- Burning peatlands in Ogan Komering Ilir continue as the frontline for the international firefighting effort in South Sumatra.
- Another Indonesian politician has called on President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo to declare the haze pollution a national disaster.
- Indonesia's home affairs minister has hinted the archipelago may make greater effort to protect peatlands in Kalimantan and Sumatra.


APRIL clearing forest in breach of sustainability policy: NGO [10/14/2015]
- Greenomics used satellite imagery and the company's operating documents to identify its clearing of legally established HCV forest areas.
- The clearing appears to contravene APRIL's no-deforestation commitment.
- APRIL expressed "serious concern" about the findings and promised to follow up.


Plantation companies challenged by haze-causing fires in Indonesia [10/14/2015]
- Six major plantation companies spoke with Mongabay about their efforts to battle haze-causing fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan.
- All acknowledged challenges in battling peat fires. All blamed illegal encroachers or fires that spread from outside their concession areas.
- All six companies - Asia Pulp & Paper, Asia Pacific Resources International Limited (APRIL), Golden Agri Resources (GAR), Cargill, Wilmar, and Musim Mas - contacted by Mongabay responded.


A village in Borneo turns away from palm oil [10/14/2015]
- Tanjung residents were approached in 2010 by an oil palm company that wanted to do a deal.
- Around the same time, they were also approached by two groups interested in helping the village protect its forests.
- They have since endeavored to improve and diversify their agricultural practices.


After the tsunami, a forest restored along a river in Aceh [10/13/2015]
- In Aceh Jaya, one of the regencies hit hardest by the tsunami that struck Sumatra in 2004, villagers have worked to conserve the forest in the vicinity of the Krueng Sabee River.
- They had to contend with illegal loggers lured by the immense demand for wood in the reconstruction period.
- With NGO assistance, local people planted thousands of coffee, durian, rambutan, jaloh and jabon tree saplings near the river’s headwaters.


Jokowi enforcer roasts APP supplier while Kalimantan orangutan charity reels from fires [10/13/2015]
- Coordinating minister Luhut Pandjaitan flew over a burning concession before accusing the firm of burning the forest.
- Students from Sriwijaya University in South Sumatra gathered to protest in provincial capital Palembang.
- The Singapore government served Bumi Andalas Permai with a Section 9 notice under the city state's Transboundary Haze Act 2014.


Palm oil company caught destroying primary forest in endangered ecosystem [10/12/2015]
- Activists have documented a palm oil company destroying lowland rainforest in Sumatra's endangered Leuser Ecosystem.
- Last month, Rainforest Action Network (RAN) reported that PT. Tualang Raya was clearing rainforest in Aceh Timur.
- RAN's allegations are supported by independent data from Global Forest Watch, a platform for monitoring changes in forests worldwide.


‘Blue Sky Revolution’ in Pekanbaru as haze protesters demand brighter days ahead [10/12/2015]
- Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of #RevolusiLangitBiru protesters gathered in Riau to make their voices heard against the annual haze pollution.
- Singapore's consumer association said on Monday that it had received sustainability pledges from 38 of the 3,000 companies to whom it had written.
- The Indonesian social affairs minister said the ministry had forwarded compensation proposals from six of seven provinces to the Finance Ministry.


Aceh citizens threaten lawsuit over spatial plan [10/12/2015]
- A coalition of concerned citizens has notified the central and provincial governments that if they do not respond in 60 days, it will move forward with the lawsuit.
- Last year, the Home Affairs Ministry said the Aceh government needs to revise the plan, but Aceh has yet to do so.
- Diplomats from Europe have also urged Aceh to revise the plan.


Haze compensation details unclear as help arrives in Sumatra [10/09/2015]
- Details on Indonesia's plans to compensate low-income families affected by the haze remain unclear.
- Joko Widodo arrived in Riau a day after cancelling his trip to the region.
- Another Indonesian politician called for the president to announce a national disaster.


Could canned fish soup stop government-community conflict in Sumatra? [10/09/2015]
- Lemaeh soup is a delicacy native to Rejang Lebong in Indonesia. It has been canned and exported to Japan and Europe.
- Locals were banned from harvesting coffee from customary plots when the government created a protected area. The bamboo industry is being developed to diversify income sources.
- Bamboo weaving is traditionally the lot of the ladies in the region, so women are being encouraged to participate.


Hog-nosed rat discovered in Sulawesi is so unique it’s been placed in its own genus [10/08/2015]
- The Hog-nosed shrew rat (Hyorhinomys stuempkei) is a carnivorous rodent discovered by a team of scientists from Louisiana State University’s Museum Victoria and the Australia's Museum Victoria.
- Besides its "hog-nose," other notable features of the rat include its "vampire teeth" and "curiously" long pubic hair.
- DNA sequencing confirmed the rat is not just a new species but a new genus.


Retaining forest patches along streams in palm oil plantations is good for fishes [10/08/2015]
- Within a palm oil dominated landscape, streams with riparian reserves on either side had more freshwater fish species than streams that lacked such reserves, researchers found.
- So retaining forest patches – even narrow ones – along streams in palm oil plantations can be effective in conserving aquatic biodiversity, a new study has found.
- In Indonesia and Malaysia, laws mandate retention of riparian reserves within the plantations, but such laws are often ambiguous and need to be enforced more strictly, researchers say.


A Dayak village campaigns for rights to its forests [10/08/2015]
- Residents of Sebadak Raya have rejected entreaties from oil palm companies for many years, although that might be starting to change.
- Some in the village have accepted the companies, but others view the forests spiritually as their source of life and don't want do business with the firms.
- After villagers mapped their traditional-use forests, the government gave them rights to a portion of what they asked for. Villagers are campainging for more.


Greenpeace releases dramatic drone video of Indonesia’s fires [10/07/2015]
- Greenpeace has released footage from a UAV showing burning forests and smoldering peatlands in Borneo.
- The video shows fires burning on peatlands, rainforests, and oil palm plantations surrounding Gunung Palung National Park in West Kalimantan.
- Vast areas of Gunung Palung's buffer zone forests and swampy peatlands have been drained and cleared for rubber, palm oil, timber, and pulp production.


Alarm bells over Indonesia’s plan to reduce green timber certification [10/07/2015]
- The Trade Ministry intends to waive the requirements for small and medium-sized furniture and handicraft exporters to obtain sustainable timber certification.
- The plan is under fire from several quarters, including the Environment and Forestry Ministry.
- The Eyes on the Forest environmental coalition says there are already too many loopholes in the system.


Singapore request for haze information tricky for Indonesia [10/07/2015]
- A formal request by Singapore to the Indonesian government for information on companies will be politically difficult for Jakarta.
- Eyes on the Forest coalition tells Jakarta to take stronger action against companies.
- Thai junta leader signals kingdom to become more involved at ASEAN level after haze blankets several Thai provinces.


Lombok’s blooming community forest bears fruit and raises livelihoods – and haj trips [10/07/2015]
- In 1997 the land around Santong was practically a dead zone following years of untrammeled exploitation during the rule of General Suharto.
- To address this the community banded together with the local office of the Forestry Ministry and made Santong the pilot site for a community forest program.
- Today, delegations from each of the ASEAN bloc states have visited Santong to study the scheme's successes.


Giant carnivorous rat with long pubic hair discovered in Indonesia [10/06/2015]
- Researchers have discovered a species of rodent in the mountainous interior of Sulawesi, a Indonesian island known for its high rates of endemism.
- The new species, dubbed Hyorhinomys stuempke, is noted for its especially long urogenital hairs.
- Hyorhinomys stuempkei was captured in an overnight trap on Sulawesi's Mount Dako in early 2013.


Indonesia says doing all it can as neighbors ready new haze measures [10/06/2015]
- Indonesia's disaster chief said the government is doing "the best we can" to combat fires in Kalimantan and Sumatra.
- Singapore's banking association will soon announce new lending guidelines in a bid to introduce greater environmental criteria in lending decisions.
- Malaysia will draft new laws to enable the country to prosecute foreign companies responsible for haze.


Malaysia PM turns up heat on Indonesia as Australian firm faces fires probe [10/05/2015]
- Malaysia Prime Minister Najib Razak tells Indonesia to "take action" as schools across his country are shut.
- Indonesia's probe into an Australian plantation subsidiary continues as police expects investigators to return as soon as Tuesday.
- Singapore's air quality moderates but southeasterly winds push haze into Thailand.


‘Maybe that’s why there’s so many fires’: Was a peat swamp illegitimately stripped of protected status in Indonesia? [10/02/2015]
- An oil palm company's concession in Central Kalimantan is said to lie on a stretch of deep peat that was removed from Indonesia's forestry moratorium based on an erroneous government survey.
- The concession is now full of fires, fueling the haze crisis that is contaminating the air in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
- A presidential unit on development oversight was investigating the concession last year until it was disbanded by the new president in December.


Can technology help clean up the palm oil industry? [10/01/2015]
- With fire-driven haze casting a pall over Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore, the palm oil industry is facing intense pressure to clean up its act.
- But technology may be able to ease the process.
- SXSW is hosting a panel, From Cell Phones to Satellites - Tech Tools for More Sustainable Palm Oil, next week that will look at how technology is being used to clean up the palm oil industry.


Singapore takes legal action against 5 Indonesian companies over haze [10/01/2015]
- Singapore has served APP and four smaller companies with legal notices over fires burning in their concessions in Indonesia.
- Fires across Sumatra have sent haze into neighboring Singapore, polluting the air.
- Indonesia is also investigating more than 100 companies in connection with the fires.


NASA photo reveals Asia’s choking haze [09/30/2015]
- A satellite image released this week by NASA shows the extent of haze currently blanketing much of Southeast Asia.
- The photo captures plumes of smoke emerging from fires burning in the peatlands of Sumatra and Indonesian Borneo.
- The bad news is fires and haze may get worse before they get better.


First-ever video of squirrel rumored to kill and eat deer [09/29/2015]
- According to local hunters, Borneo's endemic tufted ground squirrel can kill a deer by dropping down on it from above and tearing out its jugular vein. Once the deer bleeds out, the squirrel proceeds to eat the stomach, heart, and liver, then leaves the rest to rot.
- That rumor, along with research last year showing that the squirrel may have the largest tail compared to body size of any mammal on the planet, has sparked public interest in the species.
- Now a research group has caught the first ever video of this elusive species from a camera-trapping project they hope will eventually reveal the squirrel's diet.


Poor management ails endangered Boeseman’s Rainbowfish aquaculture [09/29/2015]
- Some Indonesian Boeseman's Rainbowfish aquaculture farms appear to have hit a slump, study says.
- Unsuitable rearing conditions may be responsible for this, researchers suggest.
- Improving rearing conditions could increase production of these fish in aquaculture farms, which could in turn alleviate pressure on the wild endangered rainbowfish populations, researchers write.


From slave to student: Myanmar migrants find abuse, opportunity in Thailand [09/29/2015]
- Thailand’s growing economy and low unemployment rates have caused most Thais to turn away from low-paid, labor-intensive work, leaving a gap to be filled by migrants — especially in the country's $7 billion seafood industry, which has been rocked by revelations of widespread slavery.
- Aside from living under constant threat of deportation, those lacking papers have no access to formal legal protection and are easily exploited by employers, landlords, authorities and traffickers.
- One migrant from Myanmar tells of being tricked aboard a slave boat and forced to work for years before finally escaping and trying to rebuild his life in Bangkok.


As haze chokes Sumatra, farmers ask Jokowi for greater land rights [09/28/2015]
- The haze crisis is serving as an occasion for Indonesian farmers who argue that companies bear prime responsibility for the agriculture fires raging across the country to demand greater land rigthts, promised by Jokowi when he ran for president last year.
- They demonstrated in Jakarta, Riau and South Sumatra last week, unfurling 50-meter-long banners expressed their readiness to protect peatlands and forests from fire.
- Some say a misguided perception among officials that local people are lazy has stood in the way of agrarian reform.


In haze-choked Palangkaraya, air quality five times ‘hazardous’ levels [09/25/2015]
- As fires burning across Indonesia blanket the region in a noxious haze, President Joko Widodo traveled to Kalimantan to observe disaster mitigation efforts there.
- The air quality has been contaminated in Central Kalimantan more than anywhere else in the country, yet residents feel the central government has paid more attention to the fires in Sumatra because haze from there is blowing into Malaysia and Singapore.
- Activists call for the government to stop permitting oil palm companies to operate on peat, which must be drained and dried out – which makes it like a tinderbox – before it can be planted with certain crops.


Could a new map save the Sumatran rhino? [09/23/2015]
- Study has mapped five intensive protection zones within Sumatra’s forests where rhino conservation can be prioritized.
- Researchers have also identified isolated sub-populations of rhinos that are too small to survive on their own, and need to be brought together into a single protected population.
- Study warns that not doing anything now could push Sumatran rhinos towards extinction


Many solutions to Southeast Asia’s haze problem proposed, but no end in sight [09/22/2015]
- Calls for a boycott were quickly met with criticisms that a boycott is unlikely to work and could even be counterproductive.
- WWF Singapore and the People’s Movement to Stop Haze (PM.Haze) have teamed up with the Singapore Institute for International Affairs to create the #XtheHaze campaign.
- Indonesia's Intended Nationally-Determined Contribution (INDC) submission ahead of UN climate talks does not include a zero deforestation pledge.


World Rhino Day arrives this year with a new cause for celebration [09/22/2015]
- September 22 is World Rhino Day.
- The Sumatran Rhino is listed as being critically endangered on the IUCN red list.
- A Sumatran Rhino at the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary in Indonesia is pregnant with her second baby.


Who’s responsible for Indonesia’s fires? [09/22/2015]
- As Indonesia burns, companies, smallholders and the government have all been assailed as responsible parties.
- A lack of reliable data, though, has kept researchers from drawing more specific conclusions as to the precise causes of the fires.
- One think-tank is using satellite imagery and ground checks to create a comprehensive map of Indonesia's plantations in the absence of publicly available concession data.


2015 Equator Prize winners span 19 countries [09/21/2015]
- The United Nations today announced 21 winners of the 2015 Equator Prize, a prestigious award that recognizes community-led environmental initiatives.
- The winners, selected from a pool of 1,461 nominations across 126 countries, include a wide range of groups from around the world.
- The winners were announced during a ceremony hosted by actor Alec Baldwin


Second largest palm oil producer in Indonesia commits to zero deforestation [09/21/2015]
- Impacts of Astra Agro Lestari’s new sustainability commitments will be substantial once implemented.
- The company controls nearly 300,000 hectares of developed plantations.
- Experts say palm oil industry is now ahead of, and in some cases even held back by, official Indonesian policies.


New study exposes true costs of converting mangroves in Southeast Asia [09/21/2015]
- Despite the diverse approaches employed today, there is a significant gap in our knowledge of mangrove ecosystem services under the various management regimes, according to a new report by by Wageningen University and Wetlands International.
- Most research on ecosystem services does not distinguish between different management regimes, so the report examines different mangrove management systems in Indonesia.
- The study looked at seven ecosystem services performance indicators and found that natural mangroves scored higher than aquaculture for six of them.


Agroforestry in spotlight ahead of Jokowi’s trip to New York [09/19/2015]
- Researchers gathered in Bogor this week to promote the tenets of agroforestry ahead of next week's signing of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- Agroforestry, in practice, aims to diversify crop arrangement to make land more resilient while also adding trees to sequester carbon.
- Projects from Indonesia and elsewhere were on display, with the goal of providing an evidence base for future engagement in SDG processes.


Cargill commits to removing deforestation from supply chain by 2030 [09/18/2015]
- Cargill's new forest policy is meant to satisfy commitments made by the company as a signatory to the New York Declaration on Forests.
- The policy includes specific action plans for the sourcing of key commodities such as palm oil.
- Environmentalists reacted by calling on the company to move faster to eliminate deforestation from its products.


Indonesia’s new emissions target actually a step back: Greenpeace [09/16/2015]
- Two weeks ago, Indonesia promised to cut emissions growth by 29 percent by 2030, the highlight of its country commitment for the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference scheduled for later this year.
- The new target might seem like an improvement over Indonesia’s previous commitment to cut emissions growth by 26 percent over projected business-as-usual levels by 2020, but it actually represents a regression, Greenpeace says.
- That's because moving the temporal goalposts back by so many years more than negates the slight uptick in the growth percentage to be reduced, according to the NGO.


From conflict to partnership, a Kalimantan community and logging company manage the forest together [09/15/2015]
- A year after the 1998 fall of Suharto, a logging company began felling trees in a concession where five villages already stood. One of Indonesia's ubiquitous land conflicts began to set in.
- In 2000, a mediation agreement produced an agreed framework for compensation. Villagers later formed a collective action network, BP Segah, to oversee the deal.
- Today, BP Segah monitors the company's activities to ensure transparency, serves as a public forum for complaints, manages compensation payments and more.


Children are dying from respiratory ailments as haze blankets Sumatra [09/14/2015]
- An elementary school student in Riau, an epicenter of Indonesia's haze crisis, died of respiratory failure last week.
- Two other children, aged 15 and 2, passed away in Jambi.
- The Health Ministry logged more than 10,000 cases of respiratory infection as of September 4.


Rogue oil palm company must pay $26m, rules Indonesia’s Supreme Court [09/14/2015]
- Kallista Alam was originally convicted of using fire to clear land by a district court. The latest decision upholds that ruling, which the company challenged.
- The government is prosecuting four more of the biggest firms in a case that is unprecedented both for the scale of the official response and the severity of the punishments that have been handed down.
- The environment and forestry minister welcomed the decision and promised to follow up.


Powered by the land: The Sumatran village that conserves forest for electricity [09/10/2015]
- Residents of Kinangkung rely on water from the surrounding forest to power their homes.
- The microgrid is the consequence of years of a focused drive by a community to protect its ecological wealth.
- Kinangkung is just one sign that microgeneration is beginning to concentrate minds in the archipelago’s outlying areas.


Oil palm firm in hot water after Jokowi drops in on forest fires [09/10/2015]
- Indonesian President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo paid an impromptu visit to South Sumatra, where forest fires are raging, and was appalled by the state of a particular oil palm company's concession.
- District government officials say they will follow up with an investigation into which companies deserve to have their permits revoked, and the central government can decide whether to pull the trigger.
- One conservationist called for more community management of peatlands, arguing that it will reduce fire outbreaks.


Indonesian villagers transform ailing forests into oasis of fruit [09/08/2015]
- A village on the island of Lombok convinced local forestry officials to increase its management rights over its forests.
- The villagers have sometimes clashed with rangers from a nearby national park, but they have turned nutmeg and other crops into a major source of income.
- The villagers are trying to get similar regulations passed throughout Lombok.


Indonesian officials resist movement to end deforestation for palm oil [09/07/2015]
- Senior Jokowi administration officials expressed indignance at the Indonesia Palm Oil Pledge, which they characterize as an affront to Indonesian sovereignty and a drain on the economy, especially for small farmers.
- Representatives of a prominent smallholders union and green groups say farmers will actually benefit from the pledge and that large companies are the ones that want deforestation to continue..
- Indonesia's Papuan provinces are a focus of both sides' arguments, as the region has some of the best forests left in the archipelago.


Indonesia’s mercury policy a good start, but kinks remain [09/05/2015]
- After ratifying the Minamata Convention, Indonesia became the first country to announce a plan to phase out mercury use from small-scale gold mining.
- The Environment and Forestry Ministry is working on a draft regulation on techinical guidance for the gradual ban.
- Mercury is still a presence in other fields, such as cosmetics, coal plants, batteries and more.


Indonesia pledges to cut emissions 29 percent by 2030 [09/03/2015]
- Indonesia had previously committed to reducing emissions by 26 percent by 2020 over "business as usual" levels and by 41 percent with international help.
- The new target is part of Indonesia's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution for the upcoming COP21 summit in Paris.
- Greenpeace says Indonesia will need to revamp its policies on energy and deforestation if it hopes to meet the target.


Lies, deceit and abduction staff Thailand’s fishing industry [09/02/2015]
- One Thai man was at his most vulnerable when a stranger took an interest in his plight and offered him an easy job sorting fish.
- Such 'sub-brokers' typically befriend men in public places, gain their trust and offer them work before selling them on to 'bounty brokers,' whom boat captains hire to find labor.
- Some experts say slave labor plays an integral part in keeping the fishing industry afloat.


Will Indonesia’s new palm oil subsidy undermine no-deforestation push? [09/01/2015]
- Questions remain about whether the CPO Fund will carry environmental safeguards and how its resources will be divided between its two main purposes: helping farmers increase their yields and subsidizing biodiesel.
- A senior adviser to the energy minister worries the subsidy, if administered haphazardly, could throw an unfortunate lifeline to the dwindling market for palm oil from deforestation, peatland coversion and land grabbing.
- The man who designed the fund says it's all about sustainability because it will reduce dependence on foreign petroleum and shore up flagging palm oil prices.


Indonesian village opts to protect mangroves, preserve livelihoods [08/28/2015]
- In May, the village of Deaga in North Sulawesi agreed to conserve 150 hectares of mangroves, which store huge amounts of carbon.
- Under the terms of the agreement, villagers can still harvest dead mangrove wood and nipa palm leaves for home-building and can pick fruit.
- The villagers want to see the protected area incorporated into the district's spatial plan to ensure that it is respected.


Indonesian artist prepares another underwater reef-to-be [08/27/2015]
- The installation consists of iron and uses biorock technology to spur coral growth upon the structure.
- The local district head says he hopes the project will raise awareness about Indonesia's embattled coral ecosystems.
- The central government is striving to increase coverage of Indonesia's embattled reefs.


Sick of light verdicts, Indonesia to school judges on wildlife crime [08/25/2015]
- The Environment and Forestry Ministry hopes improving judges' understanding of wildlife issues will encourage them to hand out stronger sentences.
- Lawmakers and administration officials also intend to revise the 1990 Conservation Law, seen as a weak point in the fight against wildlife crime.
- Activists hope the reforms will help the government bust entire trafficking syndicates rather than just a few relatively unimportant, individual actors.


Killing of black macaques in Indonesia sparks debate over hunting [08/21/2015]
- Advocates for the critically endangered species fear that if a hunter who posted to Facebook about killing them is not prosecuted, they will continue to be targeted.
- Macaques are considered a delicacy in Sulawesi, where the local Minahasan people have a reputation for eating just about anything that moves.
- The hunter defended himself on his Facebook page, arguing that he only killed a few of the animals, while forest concessionaires that destroy their habitats are responsible for the deaths of far more.


Will REDD+ help save Indonesia’s forest, or create ‘carbon cowboys’ instead? [08/20/2015]
- Various studies show corruption continues to mar the effective management of Indonesia’s rainforests.
- Indonesia is a major frontline country in attempts to introduce REDD+.
- Critics express concern that using the market to promote forest-stored carbon will fuel another commodity bubble.


Shrinking Indonesian shark fisheries spur a national action plan [08/20/2015]
- Indonesia has the world’s highest diversity of sharks, with 118 species.
- It also has the world’s largest shark fishery. With recent landings topping 50,000 tons, the fishery focuses on species classified as "vulnerable" or "endangered."
- Under international pressure, the country is developing a national plan of action to conserve its sharks and rays.


Sumatran rhino extinct in the Malaysian wild [08/20/2015]
- Scientists have found no sign of the creature in the wild in Malaysia since 2007, save for two females who were captured for breeding in 2011 and 2014.
- Indonesia and Malaysia have agreed to combine the Sumatran and Bornean populations, but the initiative has struggled to get off the ground.
- Despite the long odds, scientists believe a rebound for the species is not out of the question.


Norway’s wealth fund expels POSCO, Daewoo Int’l over palm oil holdings [08/18/2015]
- A subsidiary of POSCO and Daewoo International in Indonesia's Papua province is clearing forest the WWF has recognized as among the most important in the world.
- Genting and IJN were excluded for the activities of their units in Indonesian Borneo.
- Noble Group also faces a recommendation for expulsion from the sovereign wealth fund..


Haze chokehold spurring efforts to save Indonesia’s forests [08/18/2015]
- Haze from Indonesian fires is causing regional health problems and potentially contributing to climate change.
- Many fires are destroying valuable wildlife habitat.
- The impending El Nino weather pattern may make this year's dry season – and subsequent fires – worse than usual.


Green groups cautiously optimistic about Indonesia’s new maritime minister [08/15/2015]
- Ramli has a long resume as a manager within the Indonesian government and private sector.
- In the 1990s, he founded an economic think-tank critical of the Suharto administration and spent a year in prison for leading a rally opposing Suharto's reelection.
- He has also criticized the Jokowi administration, writing in a recent Wall Street Journal op-ed that the president's 'laundry-list approach to policy making makes for good public relations but not much else.'


Promised task force on indigenous rights in Indonesia hits snag [08/15/2015]
- Indigenous leaders were expecting the Environment and Forestry Minister to announce the formation of the task force in a speech at the Nusantara Festival in Bali last week.
- Instead, the minister asked for trust and patience while the government 'harmonizes' the proposal.
- The task force's mandate would include recommending pardons for wrongfully convicted citizens and working with the legislature to pass a draft bill on indigenous rights.


Traders of “red ivory” from rare birds are arrested in Indonesia [08/14/2015]
- Two traders of beaks from the helmeted hornbill were arrested in Sumatra, Indonesia.
- In recent years, the price of hornbill casques have increased sharply, they now cost up to 5 times more than elephant ivory.
- The increase in demand comes from China, where it is used in traditional medicines or fashioned into valuable souvenirs.


APP to clear plantations to restore peatlands [08/13/2015]
- Indonesian forestry giant Asia Pulp & Paper announces a peatland management program.
- APP will retire 7,000 ha of acacia plantations in five sensitive peat areas, allowing forests to recover.
- APP has also commissioned LiDAR work that will produce a 4.5 million ha map of Sumatran peatlands.


After long battle, big swath of Sumatran rainforest wins protection [08/12/2015]
After long battle, big swath of Sumatran rainforest wins protection In what conservationists are hailing as a major breakthrough in efforts to protect Sumatra’s fast-dwindling lowland rainforests, the Indonesian government on Wednesday finally approved an ecosystem restoration license an area of forest bordering Bukit Tigapuluh.

Man selling baby orangutans on Facebook arrested in Sumatra [08/06/2015]
- Suspect is a 29-year-old student at a local university
- Creatures' mothers likely would have been killed to capture the babies
- Most trafficked Sumatran orangutans come from Aceh


Palm oil a mixed blessing in Indonesia’s peat peninsula [08/04/2015]
Palm oil a mixed blessing in Indonesia’s peat peninsula A transmigrant returns home with tidings of a lucrative tree crop, and the money begins to flow. Years later, villagers must grapple with the environmental fallout.

Not just any Wilmar supplier caught violating no-deforestation policy [07/30/2015]
- Greenomics identifies deforestation in two oil-palm concessions in Riau and West Kalimantan, including one controlled by Ganda
- In the other concession, Wilmar blames encroachers; Greenomics believes clearing was company-directed
- Wilmar the biggest buyer from both companies, giving it significant leverage to affect their practices


Govt asked to guard Aceh wildlife corridor’s slow recovery [07/29/2015]
- Protected status sought for artery between two major forest blocs
- Trumon corridor links orangutan stronghold to greater Leuser Ecosystem
- Human encroachment, oil-palm expansion threatens burgeoning reforestation initiative


How do Sumatra’s wild cats coexist? [07/30/2015]
How do Sumatra’s wild cats coexist? A recent study examines how five wild cat species manage to coexist on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, where rates of forest loss and habitat degradation are high.

Major ivory trader arrested in Sumatra [07/24/2015]
- The trader worked with dealers in Indonesia's Riau and Lampung provinces and sold carved objects across southern Sumatra and in Jakarta
- Indonesian authorities were assisted by international nonprofits the Wildlife Conservation Society, TRAFFIC and Save the Rhino
- Wildlife traders arrested in Indonesia often receive light sentences, if they are convicted at all


Nine months in, how has Jokowi fared on the environment? [07/23/2015]
Nine months in, how has Jokowi fared on the environment? Assessing the Indonesian president’s progress against his green commitments.

Peatland emissions from oil palm conversion highly understated: report [07/16/2015]
Peatland emissions from oil palm conversion highly understated: report The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is drastically undercounting emissions from the draining of peatlands in Southeast Asia to make way for oil palm plantations, according to a new report. To arrive at their estimate of emissions from peat forest destruction, the researchers compiled data from published research assessing water table depth and carbon balance in tropical plantations built on peatlands, then compared two measurements of carbon loss: subsidence and mass balance.

Minister flies over Kalimantan as forest fires surge in Indonesia [07/15/2015]
Minister flies over Kalimantan as forest fires surge in Indonesia With dry season in full swing, Indonesia’s environment and forestry minister flew in a helicopter over fire hotspots last week in West Kalimantan province, among those most affected by an annual burning event that each year blankets the region in choking haze. The minister sighted fires she suspected were set by local people as well as ones burning next to the developed parts of commercial oil palm concessions.

Moratoria beat certification to reduce deforestation for soy, palm oil, cattle [07/14/2015]
Moratoria beat certification to reduce deforestation for soy, palm oil, cattle Voluntary agreements to reduce deforestation have become common in places without effective regulations. A new study compares four such initiatives in the tropics to examine how they vary in effectiveness and determine what makes such endeavors work, or not.

Indonesian kingpin of illegal wildlife trade gets two years in prison [07/13/2015]
Indonesian kingpin of illegal wildlife trade gets two years in prison A prominent Indonesian wildlife trafficker who was arrested while trying to sell a baby orangutan in February was sentenced last week to two years behind bars. The trafficker, Vast Haris Nasution, admitted to running a trading network that stretches from Indonesia’s westernmost provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra, where he illegally sourced a variety of protected species and animal parts from local hunters and dealers, to Java in the center of the country.

Fires rage in Indonesian park illegally trashed for palm oil [12/03/2001]
Fires rage in Indonesian park illegally trashed for palm oil Dozens of fires are raging across Indonesia’s Tesso Nilo National Park National Park, a protected area that has lost more than 40 percent of its forest cover since 2000, reveals new analysis by the World Resources Institute (WRI).

Indonesians cite MIFEE project at UN meeting on corporate abuses [07/10/2015]
Indonesians cite MIFEE project at UN meeting on corporate abuses A coalition of Indonesian civil society groups that attended the first intergovernmental working group on a proposed UN binding treaty on business and human rights raised concerns about alleged abuses surrounding a controversial food and energy megaproject planned for the Papuan district of Merauke. The coalition is among those pushing for a legally binding instrument to address human rights violations arising from the activities of transnational corporations and other business enterprises.

Customs officials seize 455 pangolins hidden in crates of fish in Indonesia [12/03/2001]
Customs officials seize 455 pangolins hidden in crates of fish in Indonesia Indonesian customs officials foiled an attempt to smuggle 455 dead pangolins to Singapore from an airport in the country’s second city of Surabaya, a hotbed of wildlife trafficking. Suspicious of a man with 43 cartons he claimed were full of fish, officers checked the boxes and found the scaly mammals instead. By the hundreds.

Man selling eagles on Facebook arrested in Indonesia [12/03/2001]
Man selling eagles on Facebook arrested in Indonesia Police in Indonesia’s second city of Surabaya, a hotbed of wildlife trafficking, seized 16 eagles of various types from a trafficker who was using Facebook to connect with potential customers. A tip alerted the authorities to the trafficker. They used the Internet to confirm his activities before moving to arrest him at his house in Surabaya’s Bubutan area.

First Resources the latest palm oil giant to announce zero-deforestation commitment [07/03/2015]
First Resources the latest palm oil giant to announce zero-deforestation commitment Palm oil giant First Resources has committed to eliminate deforestation and rights abuses from its supply chain, making it the first palm producer operating primarily at the grower level to do so. The policy is the latest in a wave of sustainability commitments from corporations that produce, trade and use palm oil. To realize its new commitment, First Resources will have to resolve numerous land disputes its operations are involved in with local communities in Indonesia.

Wilmar, Musim Mas supplier still destroying forest for oil palm in Indonesia’s Leuser Ecosystem [07/03/2015]
Wilmar, Musim Mas supplier still destroying forest for oil palm in Indonesia’s Leuser Ecosystem A supplier of palm oil giants Wilmar and Musim Mas has continued to bulldoze valuable forest in Indonesia’s Leuser Ecosystem despite its most prominent customers’ zero-deforestation commitments and repeated exposés of its activities, according to a NGO report. Both Wilmar and Musim Mas have suspended their dealings with the company, Mopoli Raya.

Can a wild fishery be bred? Indonesia’s plan to restock its oceans [07/02/2015]
Can a wild fishery be bred? Indonesia’s plan to restock its oceans The Indonesian government is planning to restock depleted marine animals in its national oceans. But restocking schemes there and abroad have had mixed results, and the government has released few details about the plan, raising questions about its sustainability.

Happy July 4th weekend: new red, white, and blue species discovered [12/03/2001]
Happy July 4th weekend: new red, white, and blue species discovered An independent researcher has described a spectacular red, white, and blue crayfish just in time for the fourth of July. The new species, named Cherax pulcher, was first discovered in Japanese pet shops by Christian Lukhaup before he finally tracked down the animal to creeks in remote West Papua, Indonesia.

Indonesian tycoon bears responsibility for devastating mud volcano, contends new research [12/03/2001]
Indonesian tycoon bears responsibility for devastating mud volcano, contends new research A mud volcano responsible for displacing more than 40,000 people in Indonesia’s East Java province was caused by an oil and gas company owned by one of the country’s richest tycoons, and not by an earthquake as company executives and some scientists have claimed, according to new research out of Austraila’s Adelaide University that aspires to put to matter to rest.

‘Criminalization’ of local people in Indonesian province rife amid oil palm, coal booms [12/03/2001]
‘Criminalization’ of local people in Indonesian province rife amid oil palm, coal booms A coalition of local NGOs in Indonesia’s East Kalimantan province is campaigning for an end to the criminalization of residents who oppose plantation and mining projects on their land. The issue was a theme in the government’s recently concluded national inquiry into land conflicts affecting indigenous peoples, and last week President Joko Widodo promised to secure the release of indigenous citizens who had been criminalized.

‘Sea change’ in clothing industry means more protections for forests [12/03/2001]
‘Sea change’ in clothing industry means more protections for forests Sateri has become the latest major viscose producer to adopt a new wood- and pulp-sourcing policy aimed at removing deforestation from its supply chain. The company, the world’s third-largest viscose producer, joins Aditya Birla and Lenzing, the two biggest, in making commitments to stop buying wood pulp from natural or endangered forests.

Corporations rush to make zero-deforestation commitments, but is it working? [12/03/2001]
Corporations rush to make zero-deforestation commitments, but is it working? Every year, more companies pledge to stop using ingredients whose production cause tropical deforestation. Retailers and brands making voluntary commitments – mostly involving palm oil – include Johnson & Johnson, Unilever, Colgate and Wilmar, the world’s largest palm oil trader. Among 2014 joiners were Cargill, Krispy Kreme, Dunkin’s Donuts and Baskin’ Robbins, with 2015 bringing the addition of McDonald’s, Archer Daniels Midland and Yum! Brands (owner of Pizza Hut, KFC, and Taco Bell).



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